The Robillard Block (French: Édifice Robillard) once located at 974 boul. St. Laurent, was a landmark building in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, situated in Montreal's Chinatown on the corner of Viger Street and Saint Laurent Boulevard. On 17 November 2016, the building was destroyed by fire.
Constructed in the Neo-Renaissance style, the structure was built in 1879, and transformed into a hotel in 1890. In 1891, it housed the Gaiety Museum and Theatorium, a popular Victorian-era curios showcase. In May 1896, it started housing the Palace Theatre, and on June 27 showed the first movies in North America, making it the first cinema in North America. The cinema system used a projector system developed by the Lumiere brothers, the cinématographe, and had a screen the size of a towel. The first films shown were of a train, a ship, a cavalry charge, and demolishing a wall. The show continued for two months, and were presented by Louis Minier and his assistant Louis Pupier. In September 1896, continuous showings with the cinematographe lumiere started.
- Jesse Feith (17 November 2016). "Major fire destroys historic building in downtown Montreal's Chinatown". Montreal Gazette.
- "Fire destroys Montreal heritage building that housed Canada's 1st cinema". CBC News. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
- (in French) City of Montreal, L'Édifice Robillard: premier cinéma du Canada, Nicolas-Hugo Chebin, Patrice Lalonde, Chantal Déry (accessed 28 October 2008)
- (in Chinese) SinoMontreal, 唐人街地标式建筑免于出售（图） Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine, 2004-09-08 18:20:23, (accessed 28 October 2008)
- Montreal Gazette, Renewed Gaiety in Chinatown, Tuesday October 28, 2008, page A8
- Cinema in Quebec in Silent Era, The Arrival of the Cinematographe in Québec (accessed 28 October 2008)
- (in French) La Presse, "Incendie dans le quartier chinois: une enquête criminelle est ouverte" (17 November 2016) Hugo Meunier, Pierre-Andre Normandin
- Montreal Gazette, "Major fire destroys historic building in downtown Montreal's Chinatown" (17 November 2016) Jesse Feith
- (in French) Le Journal de Montreal, "Un proprio négligent dénoncé" (18 November 2016) Hugo Duchaine
- (in French) Le Devoir, "La première salle de cinéma du Canada s’envole en fumée" (18 November 2016) Philippe Orfali