Robert, Prince of Taranto

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Coat of arms of Robert of Taranto. They are the combination of the arms of Anjou and those of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.

Robert II of Taranto (1319 or early winter 1326 – 10 September 1364[1]), of the Angevin family, Prince of Taranto (1331–1346), King of Albania (1331–1364), Prince of Achaea (1332–1346), and titular Latin Emperor (1343/1346-1364).

He was the oldest surviving son of Prince Philip I of Taranto (1278–1331) and Empress Catherine II of Valois.[1]

In 1332, as a result of an exchange with his uncle John of Gravina, Robert became Prince of Achaea.[1] Because of his youth, authority was effectively exercised by his mother Catherine II of Valois until her death in 1346. At that point Robert inherited the throne of the Latin Empire, and was recognized as emperor by the Latin states of Greece. His actual power, such as it was, remained based upon his authority as prince of Achaea. In Naples, on 9 September 1347 he married Marie of Bourbon, the daughter of Louis I, Duke of Bourbon Constable of Cyprus,[2] but the marriage was childless. When he died on 10 October 1364, his widow attempted to keep the principality for herself and her son from her previous marriage. However, Robert's younger brother Philip II of Taranto succeeded as the legitimate heir. He died in Naples and was buried there.[3]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Peter Lock, The Franks in the Aegean: 1204-1500, (Routledge, 1988), 129.
  2. ^ Topping 1975, p. 132.
  3. ^ Topping 1975, p. 141.

SourcesEdit

  • Bon, Antoine (1969). La Morée franque. Recherches historiques, topographiques et archéologiques sur la principauté d'Achaïe [The Frankish Morea. Historical, Topographic and Archaeological Studies on the Principality of Achaea] (in French). Paris: De Boccard. OCLC 869621129.
  • Topping, Peter (1975). "The Morea, 1311–1364". In Hazard, Harry W. (ed.). A History of the Crusades, Volume III: The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 104–140. ISBN 0-299-06670-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Robert, Prince of Taranto
House of Anjou-Taranto
Cadet branch of the Capetian House of Anjou
Born: 1319/1326 Died: 10 September 1364
Preceded by
Philip I of Taranto
Lord of the Kingdom of Albania
1331–1332
Succeeded by
John of Gravina
as Duke of Durazzo
Prince of Taranto
1331–1346
Succeeded by
Louis of Taranto
Preceded by
Catherine of Valois
— TITULAR —
Latin Emperor of Constantinople
1346–1364
Succeeded by
Philip II of Taranto
Preceded by
John of Gravina
Prince of Achaea
1332–1364
Count Palatine of
Cephalonia and Zakynthos

1336–1357
Succeeded by
Leonardo I Tocco