Robert Allen Katzmann (born April 22, 1953) is the Chief United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. He became Chief Judge on September 1, 2013.
|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|
|Assumed office |
September 1, 2013
|Preceded by||Dennis Jacobs|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|
|Assumed office |
July 14, 1999
|Appointed by||Bill Clinton|
|Preceded by||Jon O. Newman|
Robert Allen Katzmann
April 22, 1953
New York City, New York
|Education||Columbia University (AB)|
Harvard University (AM, PhD)
Yale Law School (JD)
Robert Allen Katzmann was born April 22, 1953 to a Jewish family in New York City, New York. Katzmann received an Artium Baccalaureus degree from Columbia University in 1973. He received an Artium Magister from Harvard University in 1976. He received a Doctor of Philosophy from Harvard University in 1978. He received a Juris Doctor from Yale Law School in 1980, where he was an Article and Book Review Editor of the Yale Law Journal.
Katzmann served as a law clerk to Judge Hugh H. Bownes of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit from 1980 to 1981. He was a Fellow at the Brookings Institution from 1981 to 1999. He was an Adjunct professor at Georgetown University Law Center from 1984 to 1989. He was an Adjunct professor with the Georgetown University Public Policy Program from 1987 to 1992. Katzmann was President of the Governance Institute from 1986 to 1999. He was a special assistant to the Director of the Federal Judicial Center from 1986 to 1988. He was a visiting professor of the University of California, Los Angeles (Washington, D.C. program), from 1990 to 1992. He was the Wayne Morse Chair in law and politics at the University of Oregon in 1992. He was acting program director at the Brookings Institution in 1998. Katzmann was the Walsh Professor of Government, Professor of Law and Professor of Public Policy at Georgetown University from 1992 to 1999. His twin brother, Gary Stephen Katzmann, is a Judge of the United States Court of International Trade.
Federal judicial serviceEdit
Katzmann was nominated by President Bill Clinton on March 8, 1999, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated by Judge Jon O. Newman. He was confirmed by the United States Senate by voice vote on July 14, 1999, and received commission on July 16, 1999. He has served as Chief Judge since September 1, 2013. Katzmann is the first federal judge to hold a doctorate in government.
In a landmark Second Circuit ruling, Zarda v Altitude Express (2018). Judge Katzmann, writing for the full court in a 10-3 decision, held that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. That decision was later affirmed by the Supreme Court of the United States in the consolidated case of Bostock v. Clayton County.
In the Second Circuit's Trump v. Vance (2019) opinion, Judge Katzmann, writing for a unanimous three judge panel, held that the president is not immune from the enforcement of a state grand jury subpoena directing a third party to produce non-privileged material, even when the subject matter under investigation pertains to the President and that a state grand jury may permissibly issue subpoenas in aid of its investigation of potential crimes committed by persons within its jurisdiction, even if that investigation may in some way implicate the President. In June 2020, the Supreme Court affirmed that ruling in Trump v. Vance.
In Watson v. United States (2017), Judge Katzmann in dissent decried the government’s wrongful detention of a U.S. citizen for 1,273 days, arguing that Watson should be entitled to sue the government for damages.
In Corren v. Condos (2018), Judge Katzmann upheld Vermont’s public financing campaign laws against First Amendment challenges.
In August 2017, Katzmann upheld the insider trading conviction of Mathew Martoma, over the dissent of Judge Pooler, who argued that the majority was improperly overruling circuit precedent. In June 2018, Katzmann issued an amended opinion reaching the same result, again over the dissent of Pooler.
By appointment of Chief Justice John Roberts, Katzmann has served as chair of the U.S. Judicial Conference Committee on the Judicial Branch, as a member of the U.S. Judicial Conference Executive Committee, and as chair of the Supreme Court Fellows Commission.
Other activities, writings and awardsEdit
Katzmann has written articles on a variety of subjects, including regulation, judicial-congressional relations, disability, the administrative process, court reform, and the war powers resolution. He has offered courses on administrative law, constitutional law, and the judiciary. Apart from Georgetown, he has taught at N.Y.U. School of Law, U.C.L.A. (Washington D.C. program), and in the fall of 1992 was the Wayne Morse Professor of Law and Politics at the University of Oregon.
Katzmann's work on interbranch relations began at the invitation of the U.S. Judicial Conference Committee on the Judicial Branch, then chaired by Judge Frank M. Coffin. Judge Katzmann also directed a project on the legal profession and public service at The Brookings Institution, which considered the law firm and the public good.
Katzmann has been a board director of the American Judicature Society, a public member of the Administrative Conference of the United States, and a vice-chair of the Committee on Government Organization and Separation of Powers of the ABA Section on Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice. He has also been a consultant to the Federal Courts Study Committee. He served as co-chair of the FTC transition team, and as special counsel to Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan on the confirmation of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. He has also been chair of the Section on Legislation of the Association of American Law Schools. Judge Katzmann is a member of the Board of Trustees of the New York Public Library, the Board of Visitors of Georgetown University Law Center, the Board of Directors of the Institute of Judicial Administration of NYU, the advisory board of Roosevelt House of Hunter College, and a member of the National Board of Academic Advisors of the Rehnquist Center located in the James E. Rogers College of Law at the University of Arizona. He is recipient of the American Political Science Association's Charles E. Merriam Award (2001), "given to a person whose published work and career represents a significant contribution to the art of government through the application of social science research." Since 2003, Judge Katzmann has been a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
For his judicial writing, Katzmann was recognized as an "Exemplary Legal Writing 2008" honoree by the Green Bag, a journal dedicated to good legal writing. Judge Katzmann has also been awarded: the Learned Hand Medal for Excellence in Federal Jurisprudence of the Federal Bar Council; the Chesterfield Smith Award of the Pro Bono Institute, presented by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg; the Thurgood Marshall Award of the American Bar Association; the Stanley H. Fuld Award of the New York State Bar Association;  the Edward Weinfeld Award of the New York County Lawyers Association, presented by Robert M. Morgenthau;NYU Annual Survey of American Law Dedicatee;  Honorary Doctor of Law degrees from New York Law School, John Jay College of Criminal Justice and Pace University; the Michael Maggio Memorial Pro Bono Award of the American Immigration Lawyers Association; Sanctuary for Families' Abeley Award; Burton Award for Education in Law; Public Service Champion of Legal Outreach and the Public Interest Scholarship Organization Lifetime Achievement Award. His lectures include: the James Madison Lecture of New York University School of Law; the Orison Marden Lecture of the NYC Bar Association; and the Robert L. Levine Distinguished Lecture of Fordham University School of Law.
The New York Times reported on Katzmann's efforts to foster effective legal representation of the immigrant poor with worthy claims. To raise awareness about the crisis of inadequate legal representation of non-citizens and its adverse effect on the administration of justice, he gave in 2007 the Marden Lecture of the New York City Bar Association, "The Legal Profession and the Unmet Needs of the Immigrant Poor." That led to his launching of an interdisciplinary Study Group on Immigrant Representation, from which emanated the New York Immigrant Family Unity Project, the first government funded program of legal counsel for detained noncitizens. He conceived of and sparked the creation of the Immigrant Justice Corps, the country's first fellowship program dedicated to meeting the need for high-quality legal assistance for immigrants, described in a New York Times editorial as "a groundbreaking effort."
As Chief Judge, Katzmann launched a civic education initiative of the federal courts of the Second Circuit, Justice For All: Courts and the Community. The project, with the active participation of judges, court staff, the bar, and educators, encompasses a wide range of activities and seeks to increase public understanding of the role and operations of the federal courts and bring courts closer to the communities they serve. Chief Judge Katzmann convened, along with Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts Director, James C. Duff, the first national conference on civic education and the federal courts, at the Thurgood Marshall U.S. Courthouse in New York City, in October 2019. Conferees included three Supreme Court Justices -- Breyer, Sotomayor and Gorsuch -- as well as judges and educators from across the country.  During his term as Chief Judge, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals engaged in a year-long 125th anniversary retrospective on the history of the court, a collaborative effort of judges, staff, and the bar, resulting in a book of judicial biographies,  a volume on the jurisprudence of the Second Circuit,  and a variety of public programs.
In his judicial role, Judge Katzmann presided over the largest naturalization ceremony in the history of Ellis Island and the first naturalization ceremony on the rebuilt World Trade Center site.
In September 2014, Oxford University Press published Katzmann's book, Judging Statutes. Praised by Justice John Paul Stevens (retired), "as illuminating and convincing" and "required reading for all lawyers confronting questions of statutory construction," the book has been the subject of several commentaries, and programs. Critiquing textualism, Katzmann argues that when interpreting the laws of Congress, courts should respect the legislative materials Congress thinks are important, so as to better understand legislative meaning and purposes.
In February, 2020, the Vilcek Foundation announced Chief Judge Katzmann as the recipient of the 2020 Vilcek Prize for Excellence in the Administration of Justice "in recognition of his exemplary career in public service, as well as his commitment to broadening access to legal representation for immigrants in need."
- Regulatory Bureaucracy: The Federal Trade Commission and Antitrust Policy (MIT Press 1980; paperback with new afterword, 198l) ISBN 978-0-262-61034-6
- Institutional Disability: The Saga of Transportation Policy for the Disabled (Brookings Inst Pr August 1986) ISBN 978-0-8157-4833-5
- Managing Appeals in Federal Court, co-editor (Federal Judicial Center, 1988) ASIN B000IKDJBE
- Daniel Patrick Moynihan: The Intellectual in Public Life, editor and contributing author (Johns Hopkins, 1998) ISBN 978-0-8018-7967-8
- Judges and Legislators: Toward Institutional Comity, editor and contributing author, (Brookings Inst Pr, 1988) ISBN 978-0-8157-4862-5
- The Law Firm and the Public Good (Brookings Inst Pr, May 1995) ISBN 978-0-8157-4863-2
- Courts and Congress (Brookings Inst Pr, May 1997) ISBN 978-0-8157-4865-6
- The Marden Lecture: The Legal Profession and the Unmet Needs of the Immigrant Poor, 21 Geo. J. of Legal Ethics 3 (2008)
- Madison Lecture: Statutes, 87 NYU L. Rev. 637 (2012)
- When Legal Representation is Deficient: The Challenge of Immigration Cases for the Courts, 143 Daedalus (summer 2014) 37
- Judging Statutes (Oxford University Press, 2014) ISBN 978-0-19-936213-4
- Study Group on Immigrant Representation: The First Decade, 87 Fordham L. Rev. 485 (2018)
- Thomas E. Fairchild Lecture: Civic Education and the Federal Courts, 2019 University of Wisconsin L. Rev. 397 (2019)
- "Katzmann, Robert A. - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
- "Q&A with Judge Robert Katzmann". Q&A. 22:41 minutes in. C-SPAN. (transcript). Retrieved 12 Nov 2018.
That man is my identical twin brother, Gary.
- On Insider Trading, an Appeals Court Comes to its Senses(NY Times, September 14, 2017)
- Note, Recent Case: Second Circuit Redefines Personal Benefit Requirement for Insider Trading, 132 Harv. L. Rev. 1730 (2019).
- United States v. Martoma, 894 F.3d 64 (2nd Cir. 2018).
- Donald C. Langevoort, Watching Insider Trading Law Wobble
- National Board of Academic Advisors, Rehnquist Center.
- Charles E. Merriam Award.
- Exemplary Legal Writing 2008, Ex Ante.
- The Learned Hand Medal List of Recipients .
- PBI Honors Judge Robert A. Katzmann for His Outstanding Commitment to Pro Bono March 4, 2011; Words Of Wisdom, The ProBono Wire, April 2011 .
- ABA Thurgood Marshall Award Presented to Chief Judge Robert A. Katzmann .
- "Stanley H. Fuld Award of the NYS Bar Association".
- Edward Weinfeld Award of the New York County Lawyers Association.
- NYU Annual Survey Dedication 2018.
- New York Law School 2016 Commencement.
- John Jay College 2015 Commencement.
- "Honorary Degree Recipients - Pace Law School". www.law.pace.edu.
- The Michael Maggio Memorial Pro Bono Award of the American Immigration Lawyers Association.
- The Public Interest Scholarship Organization Lifetime Achievement Award.
- The James Madison Lecture of New York University School of Law.
- The Orison S. Marden Memorial Lectures of the NYC Bar Association.
- The Robert L. Levine Distinguished Lecture of Fordham University School of Law.
- In City of Lawyers, Many Immigrants Fighting Deportation Go It Alone. (New York Times, March 12, 2009)
- As Barriers to Lawyers Persist, Immigrant Advocates Ponder Solutions (New York Times, May 4, 2011).
- In a Study, Judges Express Bleak View of Lawyers Representing Immigrants. (New York Times, December 19, 2011)
- See also NBC.com Poor Immigrants in Court Get Free Legal Defense in New York City Program (June 25, 2014.)
- "Immigrant Justice Corps". Immigrant Justice Corps.
- All-American Legal Eagles. (The Daily News, September 24, 2014)
- Seeking Better Legal Help for Immigrants. (The New York Times, January 28, 2014)
- On Immigration, A Huge Job Ahead.(New York Times, December 3, 2014)
- Editorial.(New York Times, November 22, 2014)
- A Lawyer Corps For City Immigrants.(WNYC, September 23, 2014)
- Teaching Students That Judge Judy is Not a Supreme Court Justice (The New York Times, November 10, 2016)
- Charlie Rose Show-Civic Education(March 7, 2017)
- Circuit Takes Civic Education Effort to Community(May 26, 2016)
- New York City High Schoolers Get Their Day in Court(NY Times Editorial November 2018).
- Gorsuch, Sotomayor and Second Circuit National Civic Education Conference (NY Law Journal October 31, 2019)
- Judges of the Second Circuit
- A Brief Project Overview, 85 Fordham L. Rev. 1 (2016 ) .
- Legacy of Thurgood Marshall
- The Legacy of Henry Friendly.
- "Attend the Superbowl of Naturalization Ceremonies". September 23, 2016.
- MJ Lee (story); Jeff Simon (video). "The day I became an American citizen". CNN.
- New Citizens Hold Their Head High, 102 Floors Above New York (The New York Times, August 15, 2016)
- Oxford University Press 2014.(Oxford Press).
- Ronald K. L. Collins, CJ Katzmann Weighs in with New Book on Statutory Interpretation.Concurring Opinions (November 3, 2014)
- John Paul Stevens, Law Without History The New York Review of Books (October 23, 2014)
- Jeffrey Toobin, Will Textualism Kill Obamacare?. The New Yorker (September 3, 2014)
- Norman Ornstein, How Activist Judges Undermine the Constitution The Atlantic (September 18, 2014)
- Tony Mauro, Countering Scalia on Interpreting Laws, Katzmann’s Book Packs Punch The National Law Journal (September 24, 2014)
- Edward L. Rubin, Judicial Review and the Therapy of the Obvious 68 Vanderbilt L. Rev. 159 (2015)
- Simon Lazarus, The Letter of the Law Democracy, issue 36, (Spring 2015)
- Brett Kavanaugh, Fixing Statutory Interpretation Harvard Law Review (2016)
- Robert Katzmann, Response to Judge Kavanaugh's Review of Judging Statutes, Harvard Law Review Forum (2016)
- Strauss Book Review of “Judging Statutes” in Journal of Legal Education (2015)
- Jeffrey Rosen, John Roberts, The Umpire In Chief, The New York Times (June 27, 2015)
- Brian Lamb C-Span Interview with Robert A. Katzmann (August 24, 2014)
- Katzmann Book Talk at Georgetown Law Center Draws Legal Luminaries. (September 25, 2014)
- Robert Katzmann in Conversation with Michael Waldman at Roosevelt House of Hunter College Roosevelt House. (October 6, 2014)
- Duke Law School Conversation/Dean Levi Introduction(2016)
- Conversation at National Constitution Center (2015)
- ConSource Eighth Annual Constitution Day Celebration (September 15, 2016)
- The John Marshall Harlan ’20 Lecture in Constitutional Adjudication – Princeton University -- Conversation with Judge Katzmann (2014)
- New York Times Close Up with Sam Roberts (July 11, 2015)
- SCOTUSBLOG Ask the Author: Chief Judge Katzmann on Statutory Construction (October 27, 2014)
- "Vilcek Foundation Awards the Vilcek Prize for Excellence in the Administration of Justice to the Honorable Robert A. Katzmann". Vilcek Foundation. Retrieved 2020-02-03.
- Robert Katzmann at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
Jon O. Newman
| Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
| Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|