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Robert Evans (born Robert J. Shapera; June 29, 1930 – October 26, 2019) was an American film producer and studio executive, best known for his work on Rosemary's Baby, Love Story, The Godfather, and Chinatown.
Evans in July 2012
Robert J. Shapera
June 29, 1930
New York City, U.S.
|Died||October 26, 2019 (aged 89)|
|Occupation||Film producer, studio executive|
(m. 1961; div. 1962)
(m. 1964; div. 1967)
(m. 1969; div. 1973)
(m. 1977; div. 1978)
(m. 1998; annulled 1998)
Leslie Ann Woodward
(m. 2002; div. 2004)
Victoria, Lady White
(m. 2005; div. 2006)
Evans began his career in a successful business venture with his brother, selling women's apparel. In 1956, while on a business trip, he was by chance spotted by actress Norma Shearer, who thought he would be right to play the role of her late husband Irving Thalberg (appropriately, another film mogul) in Man of a Thousand Faces. Thus he began a brief film acting career. In 1962, Evans decided to go into film producing instead, using his accumulated wealth from the clothing business, and began a meteoric rise in the industry; he was installed as the head of Paramount Pictures in 1967. While there, he improved the ailing Paramount's fortunes through a string of commercially and critically acclaimed films. In 1974, he stepped down in order to produce films on his own.
In 1980, Evans' career, and life, took a downturn after he pleaded guilty to cocaine trafficking; over the next 12 years, he produced only two films, both financial flops: The Cotton Club and the Chinatown sequel The Two Jakes. In 1993, he began to produce films on a more regular basis, with a mixed track record that included both flops (such as Jade in 1995) and hits (such as How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days in 2003, his final film credit).
Early life and acting careerEdit
Evans was born in New York City, New York, the son of Florence (Krasne), a housewife who came from a wealthy family, and Archie Shapera, a dentist in Harlem. He described both of his parents as "second-generation Jews." He grew up on New York City's Upper West Side during the 1930s, where he was better off than most people living during the Great Depression. In his early years, he did promotional work for Evan-Picone, a fashion company founded by his brother Charles. After high school, did a variety of voice work on radio. With a clear, deep voice as a teenager and a knack for foreign accents, by his estimation he performed in more than 300 radio shows before he turned 18. This included a leading role on The Aldrich Family situation comedy.
He was spotted by actress Norma Shearer next to the pool at The Beverly Hills Hotel on November 6, 1956. She successfully touted him for the role of her late husband Irving Thalberg in Man of a Thousand Faces. The same year, Evans also caught the eye of Darryl F. Zanuck, who cast him as Pedro Romero in the 1957 film adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises, against the wishes of co-star Ava Gardner and Hemingway himself. In 1959, he appeared in Twentieth Century Fox's production of The Best of Everything with Hope Lange, Diane Baker and Joan Crawford.
Career as producerEdit
Dissatisfied with his own acting talent, he was determined to become a producer. He got his start by purchasing the rights to a 1966 novel titled The Detective which Evans made into a movie starring Frank Sinatra, Lee Remick, Jack Klugman, Robert Duvall and Jacqueline Bisset, in 1968. Peter Bart, a writer for The New York Times, wrote an article about Evans' aggressive production style. This got Evans noticed by Charles Bluhdorn, who was head of the Gulf+Western conglomerate, and hired Evans as production vice-president in 1966 as part of a shakeup at Paramount Pictures (which included Bart, whom Evans would recruit as a Paramount executive).
Robert Evans, 2002
When Evans took over as head of production for Paramount, the floundering studio was the ninth largest. Despite his inexperience, Evans was able to turn the studio around. He made Paramount the most successful studio in Hollywood and transformed it into a very profitable enterprise for Gulf+Western. During his tenure at Paramount, the studio turned out films such as Barefoot in the Park, The Odd Couple, Rosemary's Baby, The Italian Job, True Grit, Love Story, Harold and Maude, The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, Serpico, On a Clear Day You Can See Forever, Save the Tiger, The Conversation, Chinatown, The Great Gatsby, and many others.
Dissatisfied with his financial compensation and desiring to produce films under his own banner, Evans struck a deal with Paramount in 1972 that enabled him to stay on as executive vice president of worldwide production while also working as an independent producer on five films. Other producers at Paramount felt this gave Evans an unfair advantage. After the huge critical and commercial success of the Evans-produced Chinatown, he stepped down as production chief, which enabled him to produce films on his own. From 1976 to 1980, working as an independent producer, he continued his streak of successful films with Marathon Man, Black Sunday, Popeye and Urban Cowboy. After 1980, his film output became both more infrequent and less critically acclaimed. He produced only two films over the next twelve years: The Cotton Club and The Two Jakes. From 1993 to 2003 he produced the films Sliver, Jade, The Phantom, The Saint, and How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days.
Evans produced and provided the voice for his eponymous character in the 2003 animated series Kid Notorious. In 2004 Evans hosted a Sirius Satellite Radio show, In Bed with Robert Evans. In 2009, Evans was in talks to produce a film about auto executive John DeLorean, as well as an HBO miniseries titled The Devil and Sidney Korshak. Neither project came to fruition.
Paramount in July 2019 did not re-up its contract with Robert Evans Productions, which had been in place since 1974 after Evans stepped down from running the studio. Evans had a staff of three and been working from his Woodland estate in Beverly Hills because of poor health.
Cotton Club murderEdit
Evans was introduced to theatrical impresario Roy Radin, a producer of traveling musical and comedy revues, by cocaine dealer Karen Greenberger (aka Lanie Jacobs). Radin was trying to break into the film industry with a movie about the legendary New York nightclub, the Cotton Club. Radin's financial situation was reportedly quite challenged due to him both neglecting his live tours and drug-related situations. The deal arranged on the film The Cotton Club mandated that Evans and Radin establish a production company in which each would own 45% of the film with the remaining 10% split between two other parties. Radin offered Greenberger (aka Jacobs) a $50,000 finder's fee for her efforts, which she found unsatisfactory.
As The Cotton Club film financing was being arranged, the 33-year-old Radin was murdered in 1983. Contract killer William Mentzer was among four people sentenced for shooting Radin multiple times in the head and using dynamite to make identification by authorities more challenging. At the trial, Karen Greenberger was convicted of second-degree murder and kidnapping. Her involvement was said to be over a fear of being cut out of a producer's role and potential profits from the Cotton Club. As a result, the murder court case of Radin was dubbed the "Cotton Club" murder trial.
Under the advice of his attorney Robert Shapiro, Evans refused to testify during a May 1989 preliminary hearing, invoking the Fifth Amendment to avoid incriminating himself. Police reports that had been submitted to obtain search warrants indicated at least two witnesses said Evans was involved in the Radin murder.
Greenberger testified during her 1991 trial that Evans was not involved in the murder. She also claimed during her trial that she had been Evans' lover.
Evans was convicted of cocaine trafficking in 1980. He entered a guilty plea to a misdemeanor in federal court after being arrested after engineering a large cocaine buy with his brother Charles. As part of his plea bargain, he filmed an anti-drug TV commercial. The alleged drug dealing, which Evans continues to deny (the misdemeanor was later wiped from his record), came out of his own involvement with the drug. He told the Philadelphia Inquirer in a 1994 interview, "Bob 'Cocaine' Evans is how I'll be known to my grave". He argues that he never should have been convicted of federal selling and distribution charges, as he was only a user.
I had 10 years of a horrific life, Kafkaesque. There were nights I cried myself to sleep.— Robert Evans, New York Times interview (1993)
Evans married seven times. He first married Sharon Hugueny in 1961, staying with her until 1962. After his first divorce he married Camilla Sparv (1964–1967), Ali MacGraw (1969–1973), Phyllis George (1977–1978), Catherine Oxenberg (1998), Leslie Ann Woodward (2002–2004), and Victoria White (2005–2006). Evans' marriage to Oxenberg was annulled after nine days. He married his seventh wife, Victoria White O'Gara (widow of Lord White), while in Mexico, in August 2005 shortly after his 75th birthday. She filed for divorce on June 16, 2006, citing irreconcilable differences..
Evans' son, Josh Evans, from his marriage to MacGraw, is also a film producer — and gave him a grandson, Jackson, born in 2010 to singer Roxy Saint. Evans' brother, Charles Evans (1926-2007) — whose businesses included clothing, real estate, and promoting fire detectors — was also a film producer (Tootsie, 1982, Monkey Shines 1988). His nephew Charles Evans, Jr. is a documentary producer. His sister, Alice Shure, was associate producer on Without a Trace (1983), has produced other films, and founded documentary film production companies. His nephew, Michael Shure, is Senior National Correspondent for i24NEWS. Nephew Tony Shure is a founder of Chopt Creative Salad Company.
Health and deathEdit
On May 6, 1998, during a dinner party in honor of director Wes Craven, Evans suffered a stroke while giving a toast, and was rushed to nearby Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Evans flatlined in the ambulance, but was resuscitated. Suffering a series of three strokes in quick succession, he was left paralyzed on his right side and completely unable to speak. During his hospital stay, he was encouraged by media mogul and friend Sumner Redstone, who stayed at his bedside, to work on his speech and recovery. A few days after Evans' stroke, Frank Sinatra died from a heart attack in one of the adjoining rooms at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Witnessing his body being taken away, Evans said it was an event that furthered his desire to recover.
Evans eventually regained his ability to talk and returned to producing. From 2013, he relied on a cane for shorter walks and had limited mobility.
In popular cultureEdit
Orson Welles' final film, The Other Side of the Wind (filmed from 1970–76 and released in 2018), a scathing satire on 1970s Hollywood, has a young studio boss "Max David" played by Geoffrey Land, who Welles admitted was a spoof of Evans.
In the 1997 movie Wag the Dog, a Washington, D.C. spin doctor distracts the electorate from a U.S. presidential sex scandal by hiring a Hollywood producer played by Dustin Hoffman, whose character was a parody of Robert Evans. Hoffman emulated Evans' work habits, mannerisms, quirks, clothing style, hairstyle, and his large square-framed eyeglasses. The real Evans is said to have declared, "I'm magnificent in this film!"
Bob Ryan, a recurring character in the HBO series Entourage is said to be based on Evans. The character, portrayed by Martin Landau, was a successful movie producer in the 1970s who now chafes at no longer being considered a major Hollywood player. While Evans reportedly declined an offer to play the part himself, he did agree to allow his home to be used in the show as Bob Ryan's home.
Evans served as the inspiration for a Mr. Show sketch, in which Bob Odenkirk portrays God recording his memoirs, dressed as and speaking like Evans. Odenkirk also attributes Evans as his primary influence on his portrayal of lawyer Saul Goodman in Breaking Bad.
Joe Eszterhas in his book, Hollywood Animal, says that "all lies ever told anywhere about Robert Evans are true." His autobiography also goes into detail about a cocaine addiction that plagued Evans in the 1980s.
Evans voiced a fictionalized caricature of himself in the animated series, Kid Notorious, alongside his real-life butler, Alan "English" Selka, and next-door neighbor, former Guns N' Roses lead guitarist Saul "Slash" Hudson.
In 2010, Smuggler Films acquired the stage rights to Evans' memoirs, The Kid Stays in the Picture and its sequel, The Fat Lady Sang (which was eventually published in 2013). The play was to be written by Jon Robin Baitz. No further information has been released on the production.
As head of production at ParamountEdit
- The President's Analyst (1967)
- Barefoot in the Park (1967)
- The Odd Couple (1968)
- The Detective (1968)
- Rosemary's Baby (1968)
- The Italian Job (1969)
- True Grit (1969)
- The Confession (1970)
- Love Story (1970)
- A New Leaf (1971)
- Plaza Suite (1971)
- Harold and Maude (1971)
- The Godfather (1972)
- Serpico (1973)
- Save the Tiger (1973)
- The Great Gatsby (1974)
- The Conversation (1974)
- Chinatown (1974)
- Marathon Man (1976)
- Black Sunday (1977)
- Players (1979)
- Urban Cowboy (1980)
- Popeye (1980)
- The Cotton Club (1984)
- The Two Jakes (1990)
- Sliver (1993)
- Jade (1995)
- The Phantom (1996)
- The Saint (1997)
- The Out-of-Towners (1999)
- How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days (2003)
- Kid Notorious (2003, TV series)
- Jerome, Jim (August 12, 2002). "The Real Deal". People.
- "Robert Evans Biography ((?)-)".
- Evans, Robert (1994). The Kid Stays in the Picture. Hyperion. p. 13. ISBN 978-0786860593.
- Barnes, Brooks. "Robert Evans, Hollywood producer of The Godfather, dies aged 89". The Irish Times. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- "Robert Evans biopic studies producer fated to the screen". Archived from the original on October 25, 2012.
- "Bob Evans' New 5&5 Par Pact; 5 More Years As Global Prod. Chief Along With 5 Indie Pix, Also Via Par". Variety. March 29, 1972. p. 3.
- Fleming, Michael (April 1, 2009). "HBO gets to work on 'Korshak'". Variety.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (July 30, 2019). "Robert Evans Departing Paramount Lot After 52 Years". Deadline.
- "Jury Finds Four Guilty in 'Cotton Club' Murder Case." Sun-Sentinel, July 23, 1991.
- Kasindorf, Jeanie. "The Cotton Club Murder". New York magazine, July 24, 1989, p. 27.
- Daly, Michael. "The Making of Hollywood: A True Tale of Hollywood". New York Magazine, May 7, 1984, p. 47.
- "'Cotton Club' Defendant Says Evans Not Involved : Trial". Los Angeles Times, April 27, 1991.
- "'Cotton Club' Jury Convicts 4 of Murder". latimes.
- "Producer Evans Refuses to Testify". Associated Press, May 13, 1989
- McDougal, Dennis. "Producer Robert Evans Invokes 5th at Hearing in Murder Case". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- "'Cotton Club' Defendant Says Evans Not Involved : Trial: The film producer had no role in Roy Radin's murder, woman testifies; She professes innocence and says Radin planned to kill her". Los Angeles Times. April 27, 1991. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Rea, Steven (September 8, 1994). "A Mogul's Moguls Life's Been A Bumpy Ride For Producer Robert Evans, Who Went, In His Words, From "Legend To Leper"; It's All In His New Book, Even The Part About His Getting In Touch With God". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Archerd, Army. "Evans and Oxenberg saying 'I do.'" Variety, July 1998. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
- Archerd, Army. "Evans and Oxenberg untie knot." Variety, July 1998. Retrieved September 9, 2008.
- "Divorce No. 7 for Producer Robert Evans". PEOPLE.com.
- "Josh Evans". IMDb.
- Miller, Stephen (June 6, 2007). "Charles Evans, 81, Founded Evan-Picone, Produced Films, Built Office Complexes". The New York Sun. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- "Alice Shure". BFI. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- "About Amici Films". www.amicifilms.com. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- "ABOUT". www.lifetime-through-a-lens.com. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- Heath, Thomas (November 18, 2012). "Chop't's essential ingredient: Its founders". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- Stern, Gary. "Competing One Salad At A Time: Why Chopt Is Thriving". Forbes. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- "A Honcho in Winter With More Tales to Tell". The New York Times. December 26, 2013.
- "A Hollywood Player Inspires a Broadway Play". The New York Times. February 11, 2010.
- Dagan, Richard Natale,Carmel; Natale, Richard; Dagan, Carmel (October 28, 2019). "Robert Evans, 'Chinatown' Producer and Paramount Chief, Dies at 89".
- Barnes, Brooks (October 28, 2019). "Robert Evans, a Maverick Producer of Hollywood Classics, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Pulver, Andrew (October 28, 2019). "Robert Evans, celebrated Hollywood producer of Chinatown, dies aged 89" – via www.theguardian.com.
- Charles Champlin, 'Faltaff in King Hollywood's Court: An Interview Concerning "The Other Side of the Wind"', in Ronald Gottesman (ed.), Focus on Orson Welles (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1976) p.196
- "Double Takes". Newsweek. The Washington Post Company. March 2, 1998. Retrieved October 17, 2008.[dead link]
- WENN. "Robert Evans Fumes Over 'Entourage' Character". Hollywood.com.
- "No Kid, but Robert Evans Still Stays in the Picture". The New York Times. September 3, 2006.
- "Television News, Reviews and TV Show Recaps - HuffPost TV". The Huffington Post.
- "The Nerve Interview: Joe Eszterhas". Nerve.com. September 15, 2006. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- Cieply, Michael (February 11, 2010). "A Hollywood Player Inspires a Broadway Play". The New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "The fat lady sang". Library of Congress Catalog Record. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
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