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Robert Easton (born Robert Easton Burke, November 23, 1930 – December 16, 2011) was an American radio, film, and television actor whose career spanned more than 60 years. His mastery of English dialect earned him the epithet "The Man of a Thousand Voices". For decades, he was a leading Hollywood dialogue or accent coach.[1]

Robert Easton
Actor Robert Easton with Dennis Weaver on Gunsmoke 1955.jpg
Easton (right) with fellow actor Dennis Weaver on CBS series Gunsmoke, 1955.
Born
Robert Easton Burke

(1930-11-23)November 23, 1930
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
DiedDecember 16, 2011(2011-12-16) (aged 81)
Toluca Lake, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
OccupationActor
Years active1949–2011
Spouse(s)June Bettine Grimstead (1961–2005) (her death) (1 child)

Early lifeEdit

Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1930, Robert was the only child of Mary Easton (née Kloes) and John Edward Burke.[2] He moved to Texas at the age of seven with his mother, a former actress, following his parents' divorce.[3] Resettling in the new cultural environment of San Antonio, young Robert took immediate notice of the style of speaking in the city, and he soon became interested in the variety of dialects spoken elsewhere in Texas and in the surrounding region.[3][4] Struggling with a severe stuttering problem throughout his childhood also made Robert keenly aware of the "minutiae of speech" and the mechanics of pronunciation.[4] Much later, in a 1998 interview with The New York Times, he explained, "When you have a big [stuttering] problem like that you compensate", adding "I found it easier to do voices other than my own."[4] All of those early experiences of coping with his speech disorder and fine-tuning his ear to the peculiarities of regional accents and the subtleties of voice patterns proved to be, career-wise, great advantages for Robert. He not only became a successful character actor, he later gained a reputation in Hollywood as one of the more effective and highly respected dialect coaches in the entertainment industry.[4]

RadioEdit

Robert began performing on radio as a teenager. At the age of 14, he auditioned and was chosen to join the cast of the popular Chicago-based radio program "Quiz Kids".[5] He toured the country in 1945 with the cast of other Quiz Kids "child prodigies", and those performances led to other opportunities on radio, such as his role as Magnus Proudfoot on the early radio version of Gunsmoke.[5] He also performed on Fibber McGee and Molly, The Fred Allen Show, The Halls of Ivy, Our Miss Brooks, Suspense, William Shakespeare—A Portrait in Sound, The Zero Hour, and on an array of other radio programs. Easton's voice acting on radio continued for decades to come. As late as 2008, at the age of 78, he performed as the scheming character Bart Rathbone on numerous episodes of Adventures in Odyssey, a radio drama and comedy series for children.

FilmsEdit

By 1949, Easton began working in Hollywood films.[5] That year, after briefly attending the University of Texas, the gangly, 6-foot-4-inch 19-year-old landed his first uncredited bit part as a parking attendant in the film Undertow, a crime thriller by Universal Pictures with Rock Hudson as a supporting player.[6] Easton continued to use his birth surname during the early years of his film career even though the majority of his roles between 1949 and 1951 remained uncredited on screen. His first onscreen credit—still presented as Robert Easton Burke—was for his role as a soldier in the 1951 MGM production of the Civil War classic The Red Badge of Courage, directed by John Huston and starring Audie Murphy.[7] After that film, however, he legally changed his surname from Burke to Easton for professional reasons but principally "to distinguish himself from his father."[4] Easton appeared in a series of other films during the 1950s before he was cast in 1958 as Sergeant Jonesie in When Hell Broke Loose, then as "Sparks" in the 1961 feature film Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea with Peter Lorre, and in 1962 as "Handown", a gunner on a B-17 in the World War II film The War Lover, which starred Steve McQueen and a very young Michael Crawford.[7] Much later, in 1987, Easton was in the baseball film Long Gone in the role of Cletis Ramey. One of his more unusual voices and film roles was in 1991, when he portrayed a Klingon judge in Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. He also appeared in Gods and Generals (2003) as John Janney and in Spiritual Warriors as Roger (2007). By the end of his career, Easton performed in over 75 films.[8]

TelevisionEdit

Easton performed on many American television series and made-for-television movies from 1951 to the late 1980s, often portraying in his early roles slow-talking "country bumpkins".[5] His first appearance on television, in a brief uncredited role, was on an episode of The Jack Benny Program, which originally aired on November 4, 1951.[9] Near the end of a comedy sketch on that episode, Easton, who was cast as a hillbilly, is confronted by another irate mountain man, and the two exchange rifle fire.[9] In 1955, during the first season of the long-running television Western Gunsmoke, he played Chester Goode's younger, prairie-wandering brother in an episode titled "Magnus". He also appeared on several episodes of The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show on CBS in 1957-1958, playing Brian McAfee, a dimwitted student at the University of Southern California. While living in England for several years in the early 1960s, Easton performed on a variety of British television and radio programs. In 1962 he was cast in the second episode of The Saint, "The Latin Touch", with Roger Moore; and he also provided the voices of "X-2-Zero" and "Phones" in Gerry and Sylvia Anderson's Supermarionation series Stingray.[10]

Upon returning to the United States in late 1964, Easton resumed his acting on American television. In "All-Star Munster", a 1965 episode of The Munsters, he was cast yet again as a dimwitted country character named Moose Mallory, a college basketball star. He appeared as well on ABC's World War II drama Combat!, portraying an ill-fated soldier, Woody Jones, in the 1967 episode "A Little Jazz".[11]

Additionally, Easton performed on Screen Directors Playhouse, Dangerous Assignment, My Little Margie, Adventures of Superman, Annie Oakley, The Bob Cummings Show, Riverboat, The Real McCoys, Rescue 8, Father Knows Best, The Red Skelton Show, Wagon Train, Rawhide, The Andy Griffith Show, The Beverly Hillbillies, Petticoat Junction, Get Smart, The Doris Day Show, The Mod Squad, Alias Smith and Jones, and Kolchak: The Night Stalker.[5][12][13]

Dialect coachEdit

While Easton remained busy acting in films and on television series throughout the 1950s, by the early 1960s he had become frustrated playing what he described as "shiftless sharecroppers and half-witted hayseeds".[3] He wanted to diversify his career, and he believed he could do so by improving his speaking and language skills in order to perform different types of characters. That belief, coupled with his longtime interest in the cultural and physiological aspects of speech, created a vocational sideline for Easton, one that later became a full-time second career for him.[3]

After marrying June Bettine Grimstead in March 1961, Easton moved with his wife to her native England, where, for several years, in addition to performing on British radio and television programs, he began to intensify and systematically organize his study of accents and speech patterns. He traveled about the country recording the voices of farmers, cabdrivers, shopkeepers, and hotel guests in order to compare and analyze varying modes of English pronunciation, as well as the unique sounds and structures of other European languages and dialects he encountered.[3][14]

Easton also took the opportunity while in London to attend University College, where he studied phonetics.[3] In 1964, after he and his wife returned to the United States, he resumed his acting career in Hollywood, and he also began to assist his fellow actors with modifying their manner of speaking to improve their chances of landing roles in auditions, and to enhance the quality of their performances in films and in television productions.[3]

As Easton's command of foreign and American regional accents continued to grow, so did his reputation as a dialect coach. He mastered in time over 200 ethnic, historical, regional, and sociological accents.[4] By the late 1970s, his work as an instructor eclipsed acting as his principal vocation as increasing numbers of actors, screenwriters, directors, and studio executives were recognizing him as the entertainment industry's "dean of dialects" and the "Henry Higgins of Hollywood".[4]

Easton coached hundreds of notable character actors and stars, helping them to speak convincing dialects in their roles. A few of the actors he tutored in speech included Gregory Peck, who required an accurate German accent for his dialogue in the 1978 film The Boys from Brazil; the English actor Laurence Olivier, whom he helped to speak in the style of a native resident of Michigan for The Betsy (1978); Ben Kingsley, another Englishman, whom he assisted with his Indian accent for Gandhi (1982) and his dialogue as a New Yorker in Bugsy (1991); Al Pacino with his Cuban dialect in Scarface (1983); Arnold Schwarzenegger, in adapting his Austrian accent to Russian for Red Heat (1988); Irish actor Liam Neeson for his role as a Kentuckian in Next of Kin (1989); Robert Duvall in his portrayal of Virginia native and Confederate General Robert E. Lee in Gods and Generals (2003); and Forest Whitaker, whom he coached to speak with specific regional African intonations and inflections for Whitaker's Oscar-winning performance as Ugandan political leader Idi Amin in The Last King of Scotland (2006).[6]

When Robert Duvall first asked Easton to teach him how to speak like a Virginian, the seasoned dialect coach reportedly responded, "'Which one? There are twelve distinct accents'".[15]

Easton's reputation as a dialect coach extended beyond Hollywood sets and Broadway stages. Over the years, he was also hired by business executives, trial lawyers, religious leaders, university professors, and by others who sought to soften their accents or alter their speech in other ways to improve their communication skills or to increase their self-confidence when making public presentations.[14][15] In addition to instructing actors and other clients individually, Easton shared his expertise with groups of students by teaching classes mthe anatomy of language and the use of dialects at both the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Southern California.[6] Although Easton's work as a personal coach and classroom teacher occupied the vast majority of his time during the final decades of his life, he still found time to act periodically in films, on television series, in made-for-television movies, and to perform voice characterizations.

Voice acting outside of radioEdit

In addition to his many other career activities, Easton also worked on occasion as a narrator and voice actor outside of radio. He provided the voice, for example, for the audio-animatronic figure of Thomas Jefferson in The American Adventure pavilion, which opened in 1982 at Disney's Epcot theme park in Florida. Ironically, Easton actually had historical connections to Jefferson. His great-grandfather Rufus Easton had been appointed by President Jefferson to be both the first postmaster of St. Louis and a judge for the Louisiana Territory, then the largest territory in North America.[16]

Professional organizationsEdit

Easton was active in many professional organizations, including the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, which as part of its mission to promote "the advancement of the telecommunications arts and sciences" presents the annual Emmy Awards for professional excellence in television programming. For seven years, during the 1990s, he was a member of the performers peer group executive committee. He also served as a governor of the performers peer group for the Academy from 2000 to 2003.[17]

Personal life and deathEdit

Easton married only once, to June Bettine Grimstead of Grimsby, Lincolnshire, England.[18] Wed in 1961, the couple remained together for 44 years until June's death in 2005. The couple did not have any children together. Easton informally adopted Heather after June's death.[5]

An avid book collector in a wide range of topics and a lifelong researcher of language, Easton amassed an extensive personal library of historical pamphlets, scientific journals, and other imprints, including over 100,000 volumes that ranged in publication dates from the 16th through the 20th century.[19] The library finally became so large that he and his wife had a tennis court demolished on their residential property at Toluca Lake in Los Angeles, California, and used that space to build a two-story structure to house the collection.[3]

On December 16, 2011, Easton died at age 81 at his Toluca Lake home.[5] His body, in accordance with his wishes, was cremated.[20] Four years after Easton's death, his substantial personal library was sold in two installments – in the summer and fall of 2015 – by Addison & Sarova Auctioneers of Macon, Georgia.[19]

Selected filmographyEdit

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ Woo, Elaine (2011). "Actor trained stars to do regional accents". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
  2. ^ Robert Easton Biography (1930-)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Hollywood Structured with Robert Easton 1990", interview with Easton by Lilyan Chauvin, West Valley Cablevision, LCJ Productions, 1990; available for viewing on YouTube. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Fox, Margalit (2011). "Robert Easton, Hollywood's Henry Higgins, Dies at 81", The New York Times, December 24, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Woo. Los Angeles Times, December 22, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c Hayward, Anthony (2012). "Robert Easton: Actor who was also dialogue coach to a host of stars", The Independent (London), January 25, 2012. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Robert Easton", Turner Classic Movies (TCM), full filmography. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  8. ^ "Spiritual Warriors EPK Robert Easton". Interview with Robert Easton about his travels while a cast member during the filming of Spiritual Warriors (2007); recorded February 23, 2014. Video of interview available for viewing on YouTube. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Dorothy Shay" episode, The Jack Benny Program, S02E01, November 4, 1951; full episode available for viewing on YouTube. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  10. ^ According to Robert Easton in a video interview available on YouTube, he patterned his voice for X-2-Zero in Stingray after the speech profile of actor Peter Lorre with whom he had worked in the 1961 film Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea. Easton stated in the same interview that his voice characterization for "Phones" in Stingray was based on the southern rural American dialect he used for his role as the submarine crew member "Sparks" on the same 1961 film. "Voice Actor Robert Easton Discusses Stingray", interview with Robert Easton (ca. 2005-2010), posted after Easton's death by Stephen La Rivière on YouTube on September 7, 2014. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  11. ^ "All That Jazz", Combat!, originally broadcast February 21, 1967. TV.com, CBS Interactive, Inc., New York, N.Y. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  12. ^ "Robert Easton", TVGuide, CBS Interactive, Inc., New York, NY. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  13. ^ "Obituaries: Robert Easton", For Your Eyes Only, December 16, 2011. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  14. ^ a b Interview with Robert Easton, The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson, originally broadcast on the National Broadcasting Company's television network, August 10, 1979. Interview segment available for viewing on YouTube. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
  15. ^ a b McKetten, Erik (2017). "Robert Easton: A Thousand Voices You Didn't Know You Heard", Test Gaming, June 28, 2017. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
  16. ^ Adamson, Bruce Campbell (1988). The Life and Papers of Rufus Easton, 1988.
  17. ^ "Robert Easton, Actor, Renowned Dialect Coach and Television Academy Governor", Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (www.emmys.com), North Hollywood, California, January 10, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
  18. ^ "June B. Grimstead", England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008; Grimsby, Lincolnshire, England; 1932, volume 7A, page 891. FamilySearch, an online genealogical database provided as a public service by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  19. ^ a b "The Library of Robert Easton at Auction", Fine Books & Collections (finebooksmagazine.com), Chapel Hill, North Carolina, June 26, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
  20. ^ "Robert Easton, the Henry Higgins of Hollywood, dies at 81", Bangor Daily News (Maine), December 22, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
  21. ^ Bruce Adamson's film The Spirit of Alton; Before, During and After the Civil War; url: http://ciajfk.com/roberteaston.html

Further reading

  • "Robert Easton Speaks: From Beverly Hillbilly to Hollywood's Henry Higgens" (Part one of two) article and interview by Anthony Petkovich, FILMFAXplus magazine, Summer 2014, number 138 (cover). Filmfax, Inc., Evanston, Illinois USA. Seven pages (38-44) with 38 small black-and-white photographs.
  • "Robert Easton Speaks: From Beverly Hillbilly to Hollywood's Henry Higgens" (Part two of two) article and interview by Anthony Petkovich, FILMFAXplus magazine, Fall/Winter 2014, number 139 (cover). Filmfax, Inc., Evanston, Illinois USA. Eight pages (50-55; 106-107) with 38 small black-and-white photographs, mostly from films and TV shows in which he appeared (not all the photos depict him), including some movie posters.

External linksEdit