Robert Manuel Clivillés (Spanish pronunciation: [kliβiˈʎes]; born July 30, 1964) is an American record producer, songwriter, arranger, and music video director most noted for his work with C+C Music Factory, a group he founded with musical partner David Cole. He is of Puerto Rican ancestry.
|Birth name||Robert Manuel Clivillés|
|Born||July 30, 1964|
|Origin||New York, New York, United States|
|Associated acts||C+C Music Factory, Clivillés and Cole, Martha Wash, Deborah Cooper, David Cole, Mariah Carey, Freedom Williams, Scarlett Santana|
Clivillés and Cole also produced various hits for other artists such as Mariah Carey, Whitney Houston, Aretha Franklin, James Brown, Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam, Deborah Cooper, Scarlett Santana, and many others.
In 2015, Clivillés made his debut as a solo artist with the song "Set Me Free".
In the late 1980s, Robert Clivillés and David Cole were active in the groups 2 Puerto Ricans, a Blackman, and a Dominican and The 28th Street Crew. At the time they were the driving force of the short-lived Brat Pack. The duo were also responsible for the formation of pop group Seduction, for whom they wrote and produced a string of Top-10 hits. They contributed to the career of former The Weather Girls vocalist Martha Wash, who at the same time was one of the lead vocalists for the dance act Black Box. In 1990, Clivillés and Cole released a single featuring later C+C Music Factory rapper Freedom Williams, called "Get Dumb! (Free Your Body)", as The Crew. The duo's biggest success, however, was the group C+C Music Factory, which became a worldwide sensation in 1991.
After the death of his partner David Cole in 1995, Robert Clivillés continued to keep the C+C legacy alive through his own production work. In 1995, he released a solo single under the name C+C Music Factory, called "I'll Always Be Around" (#1 Billboard Dance/Club Play), on MCA Records. This was the final #1 Dance/Club Play hit for C+C Music Factory. An album titled C+C Music Factory was released by MCA in 1995 in Europe, but it didn't come out in the US. This was the final studio album of new material to be released under the C+C Music Factory name. The same year, Columbia/SME Records released Ultimate, a greatest hits collection featuring a compilation of remixes and album versions of C+C Music Factory's Sony Music Entertainment singles. Two singles were released in conjunction with the album: "I Found Love" (#13 Dance/Club Play), and "Robi Rob's Boriqua Anthem" (#29 Dance/Club Play), which featured Spanish-language reggae artist El General.
In October 1996, Robert Clivillés released an album of new material under the name Robi-Rob's Clubworld. The first single from the project, "Shake That Body," featured emcee Ya Kid K, formerly of Technotronic. The second single, "Reach," was a collaboration with Hex Hector, and featured vocals from longtime C+C vocalist Deborah Cooper. This was the final recording to include piano tracks recorded by the late David Cole.
In May 2015, Clivillés made his debut on Billboard's Hot Dance Club Songs chart with the song "Set Me Free", featuring vocals by Kimberly Davis of the band Chic. The music video for "Set Me Free" makes reference to Clivillés' father's suicide.
In 1989, Clivillés and Cole wrote a song titled "Get Dumb (Free Your Body)" that was originally performed under the name The Crew, featuring Freedom Williams, and later by Seduction. They allegedly illegally sampled portions of "The Music Got Me", which was written by Boyd Jarvis of early-1980s music group Visual. Boyd sued them for copyright infringement in 1990, and demanded $15 million in royalties.
Four years later, Kevin McCord filed a copyright infringement lawsuit against Mariah Carey, Cole, Clivillés, and Columbia Records, because, according to McCord, they took parts of his song called "I Want to Thank You" and created "Make It Happen" out of it without permission. Although the allegations were proven false, McCord eventually accepted a settlement offer of about US$500,000.
with 2 Puerto Ricans, a Blackman, and a DominicanEdit
- "Do It Properly" (single) (1987)
- "Scandalous" (single) (1989)
with The 28th Street CrewEdit
- I Need a Rhythm (1989)
- "O" (1994)
with The CrewEdit
- "Get Dumb! (Free Your Body) (feat. Freedom Williams)" (single) (1990)
with C+C Music FactoryEdit
|Year||Album details||Peak chart positions||Certifications|
|1990||Gonna Make You Sweat
|1995||C+C Music Factory
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart|
- Stagga Lee presents MVP (2003)
- Hip Hop, Clubs, Girls & Life Vol. 1 (2006)
- Robi-Rob's Clubworld (as Robi-Rob's Clubworld) (1996)
- "Set Me Free (feat. Kimberly Davis)" (single) (2015)
- Greatest Remixes Vol. 1 (as Clivillés + Cole) (1992)
- Robert Clivillés, Discogs
- Robert Clivilles Interview from About.com
- Most Valuable Players from MySpace
- Robert Clivilles from Facebook
- Flosstradamus Flies to No. 1 on Top Dance/Electronic Albums, Billboard (1 May 2015)
- Chep Nuñez, Discogs
- 28th Street Crew, The, Discogs
- Brat Pack, The, Discogs
- Crew, The Featuring Freedom Williams – Get Dumb! (Free Your Body), Discogs
- C+C Music Factory/Full Biography, MTV
- "C+C's David Cole dies at 32" Archived 2010-07-03 at the Wayback Machine, NY Daily News (25 January 1995)
- Robi Rob's Clubworld – Robi Rob's Clubworld, Discogs
- Robi Rob's Clubworld – Robi Rob's Clubworld, Discogs
- M.V.P., Discogs
- Remixxer: Bill Coleman (Continuous Mix), iTunes (June 01, 2010)
- Jarvis v. A & M Records 827 F. Supp. 282 (D.N.J. 1993) UCLA Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine
- Atwood, Brett (July 23, 1994). "Carey And Sony Dispute C'right Infringement Claims". Billboard. BPI Communications. 106 (30): 12, 125. ISSN 0006-2510. OCLC 1532948.
- Friedman, Roger (2004-08-10). "Mariah Carey Accused of Plagiarism". FOXNews.com. News Corporation. Archived from the original on 2011-08-01. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 88. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.