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Robert C. O'Brien (attorney)

Robert Charles O'Brien[2] (born 1965 or 1966) is an American lawyer who is the current United States National Security Advisor. He is President Donald Trump's fourth National Security Advisor.

Robert O'Brien
Robert C. O'Brien.jpg
28th United States National Security Advisor
Assumed office
September 18, 2019
PresidentDonald Trump
DeputyMatthew Pottinger
Preceded byJohn Bolton
Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs
In office
May 25, 2018 – September 18, 2019
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byVacant
Personal details
Born
Robert Charles O'Brien

1965/1966 (age 53–54)[1]
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
EducationUniversity of California, Los
Angeles
(BA)
University of California,
Berkeley
(JD)

Education and early careerEdit

O'Brien was born in Los Angeles, and attended Cardinal Newman High School in Santa Rosa, California. He received a B.A. in political science from the University of California,Los Angeles in 1988, and a J.D. from the UC Berkeley School of Law in 1991.[3][4] He studied at the University of the Free State in South Africa in 1987.[3] He was admitted to the California bar in 1991.[2]

From 1996 to 1998, O'Brien was a legal officer with the United Nations Security Council Compensation Commission in Geneva, Switzerland, which reviewed and processed claims resulting from Iraq's 1990–91 invasion and occupation of Kuwait.[5]

O'Brien served as a Major in the Judge Advocate General's Corps of the US Army Reserve. While in private practice he also served in appointive positions for the Bush, Obama, and Trump administrations.

Private practiceEdit

O'Brien was the California managing partner of Arent Fox LLP, a national law firm, for seven years. During that time he grew the California offices from 10 attorneys to more than 110.[5][6] He represented Buzz Aldrin in a number of high-profile cases, and also represented the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste in proceedings initiated by ConocoPhillips.

O'Brien was the federal court-appointed Discovery Master in the MGA v. Mattel ("Barbie v. Bratz") case. O'Brien also serves as the federal court appointed Discovery Master on the recently settled United States of America v. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. and Standard & Poor's Financial Services Inc..[7]

O'Brien was a civilian observer for the Pacific Council on International Policy at the pre-trial hearings for alleged September 11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed in Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, in June 2014. He served on the International Republican Institute's delegations observing the Republic of Georgia's 2013 presidential election and Ukraine's 2014 parliamentary election.[5]

O’Brien was a founding partner, along with former federal Judge Stephen Larson, of the Los Angeles boutique law firm Larson O’Brien LLP, which they established in January 2016.[8] O'Brien retired from the when he was appointed National Security Advisor. [9]

George W. Bush and Obama administrationsEdit

 
O'Brien with Condoleezza Rice in 2007

O'Brien was nominated[10] by President George W. Bush as the U.S. Alternate Representative to the 60th session of the United Nations General Assembly during 2005–06. He addressed the General Assembly on the question of Palestine, and represented the United States in the General Assembly's Sixth Committee, which considered the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.

O'Brien served as Co-Chairman of the U.S. Department of State's Public-Private Partnership for Justice Reform in Afghanistan, launched in December 2007, which "promoted the rule of law" in Afghanistan by training judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys. He continued this role during the first term of the Obama administration.[4][11]

On July 31, 2008, President Bush announced his intention to appoint O'Brien to serve in his administration as a member of the Cultural Property Advisory Committee, an advisory committee on issues involving antiquities and cultural matters, for the remainder of a three-year term which expired on April 25, 2011.[4][11][11]

In October 2011, O’Brien was named to Mitt Romney’s advisory team as Co-Chair of the International Organizations Work Group.[12]

Later, in May 2015, he became an adviser on foreign policy and national security affairs for Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker's presidential campaign.[13] After Walker left the race, O'Brien advised Ted Cruz's campaign.[14] During the time he advised Ted Cruz’s presidential campaign, he claimed: “It’s clear that Vladimir Putin just doesn’t like [Hillary Clinton], and is going to do what he can to help Donald Trump.”[15]

Trump administrationEdit

 
O'Brien sworn in as Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs in 2018

In 2017, O'Brien was under consideration by the Donald Trump administration to serve as Secretary of the Navy.[16] The Orange County Register editorial board endorsed O'Brien to serve in this position, stating, "He is the ideal candidate to ensure American global dominance continues—in a way that fits both the present national mood and our enduring national values."[17]

From May 25, 2018 to October 3, 2019, O'Brien served as the Special Presidential Envoy for Hostage Affairs.[18][19] He was given the rank of ambassador one year after his appointment.[20]

O'Brien took office as the 28th United States National Security Advisor on September 18, 2019. President Trump appointed O'Brien to succeed John Bolton, who resigned earlier that month.[21] A few days later, O'Brien announced that Matthew Pottinger would become the deputy national security advisor,[22] replacing Charles Kupperman in that role.

Early in his tenure, O'Brien accompanied Vice President Mike Pence to meet Turkish President Recep Erdogan in a successful effort to secure a ceasefire between Turkey and Kurdish forces in Syria.[23]

Personal lifeEdit

Raised a Catholic, O'Brien converted to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in his twenties.[1]

BooksEdit

O'Brien is the author of the 2016 book While America Slept: Restoring American Leadership to a World in Crisis. Writing in Foreign Policy, Daniel Runde said, "While America Slept is the 2016 equivalent of Richard Nixon's The Real War", and summarizing O'Brien's views:

In The Hill, Bart Marcois, a retired career foreign service officer, wrote, "If you're wondering what trends and events will drive President-elect Donald Trump's foreign policy, you need to read While America Slept, by Robert O'Brien."[25]

The book is broadly critical of the Obama administration’s security and foreign policies.[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "New national security adviser worked on Romney presidential campaign". Deseret News. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Robert Charles O'Brien". State Bar of California. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Robert C. O'Brien, LinkedIn".
  4. ^ a b c "Robert C. O'Brien". U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State. Archived from the original on June 23, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "Robert C. O'Brien". Larson O'Brien. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  6. ^ Lee, Alfred. "Firm Heads to Westside to Link With Tech Scene." Los Angeles Business Journal May 2014.
  7. ^ Martin, Timothy W. "Deadline Is Set to Help S&P Prepare Its Defense in U.S. Fraud Lawsuit." The Wall Street Journal 29 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Back to the Courtroom". Larson O'Brien.
  9. ^ "Larson O'Brien LLP news release". Larson O'Brien LLP. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Presidential Nomination: Robert Charles O'Brien". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov.
  11. ^ a b c "Personnel Announcement". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. Retrieved 2019-09-18.
  12. ^ Halperin, Mark (October 6, 2011). "Romney Consolidates". The Page. Time. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  13. ^ Johnson, Eliana (May 11, 2015). "Walker Lands Key Romney Foreign Policy Hand". National Review. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  14. ^ O’Toole, Molly (September 18, 2019). "Robert O'Brien is an unlikely pick for Trump's national security advisor". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 27, 2019. After advising now-Sen. Mitt Romney (R-Utah), a fellow Mormon, in his failed 2008 and 2012 presidential runs, O’Brien worked for Walker, one of the first candidates to drop out in 2016, and then Cruz, ultimately Trump’s runner-up for the Republican nomination.
  15. ^ a b "Donald Trump replaces John Bolton with a hostage negotiator". The Economist. 19 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Why Robert C. O'Brien Would Be an Excellent Choice for Secretary of the Navy". The National Interest. March 2, 2017.
  17. ^ "Robert O'Brien ideal candidate to lead U.S. Navy". Orange County Register. March 3, 2017.
  18. ^ "President Donald J. Trump Announces Intent to Nominate and Appoint Personnel to Key Administration Posts". The White House. The White House. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  19. ^ "Robert O'Brien biography". U.S. Department of State. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  20. ^ Sherman, Jake; Palmer, Anna; Lippman, Daniel; Ross, Garrett; Okun, Eli (23 May 2019). "POLITICO Playbook PM: Pelosi lights up Trump". POLITICO. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  21. ^ Crowley, Michael; Baker, Peter; Haberman, Maggie (2019-09-18). "Robert O'Brien 'Looks the Part,' but Has Spent Little Time Playing It". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  22. ^ "Trump's Asia expert Matt Pottinger to become deputy national security advisor". CNBC. 2019-09-23. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  23. ^ "Vice President Pence: Turkey agrees to Syria ceasefire". ABC News. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  24. ^ "Review: "While America Slept"". Foreign Policy. September 16, 2016.
  25. ^ "America's wake-up call". The Hill. November 23, 2016.

External linksEdit