Robert Bloom (May 3, 1908 – February 13, 1994) was an oboist with an orchestral and solo career, a composer and arranger contributing to the oboe repertory, and a teacher of several successful oboists. Bloom is considered seminal in the development of an American school of oboe playing.
|Born||May 3, 1908|
|Died||February 13, 1994(aged 85)|
|Occupation(s)||Oboist, composer, arranger, teacher|
At the Curtis Institute of Music Bloom was a pupil of Marcel Tabuteau for three years. In the 1930s he played English horn in the Philadelphia Orchestra under Leopold Stokowski and first oboe in the Rochester Philharmonic under José Iturbi. He was the principal oboe in Arturo Toscanini's NBC Symphony Orchestra from 1937 to 1943. Bloom plays on recordings by the Columbia Symphony and the RCA Symphony.
In 1946 Bloom was one of the founding members of the Bach Aria Group, with which he played until 1980. Recordings by the Bach Aria Group featuring Bloom started appearing from the late 1940s. Bloom transcribed and elaborated 18th-century masterworks for the oboe. His own compositions include a Sonatina for oboe and piano.
Bloom was a professor at Yale and Juilliard. His pupils include William Bennett, Bill Douglas, Tim Hurtz, Bert Lucarelli, Ray Still, Allan Vogel, and Richard Woodhams, In the spring of 1988, friends, colleagues, and former pupils gathered in Lincoln Center's Alice Tully Hall in New York for an 80th-birthday tribute.
A few years after Bloom's death in 1994, his widow, Sara Lambert Bloom, published The Robert Bloom Collection, scores and parts to his 21 editions of 18th-century masterworks, 10 transcriptions, and 10 compositions. The Art of Robert Bloom, a 7-CD set of live performances of concertos, chamber music, and Bach arias performed by Bloom over his 60-year career was released in 2001 on Boston Records label.
- "Robert Bloom Is Dead; Oboist and Teacher, 85". The New York Times. February 16, 1994. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Webster, Daniel. "Taking Note Of A Remarkable Oboist." in The Philadelphia Inquirer. May 14, 1988. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Sachs, Harvey. "Robert Bloom", p. 121 ff. in Arturo Toscanini: From 1915 to 1946. E.D.T., 1987 ISBN 9788870630565
- Bach Aria Group: Bach Cantatas & Other Vocal Works at Bach Cantatas Website.
- Ryon, Janna Leigh. Abstract of The Legacy of Oboist and Master Teacher, Robert Bloom. University of Maryland, 2014.
- "In Tribute to William Bennett" at San Francisco Symphony website. 2013.
- "Concert program announced", p. 2-B in Wilmington Star-News. October 23, 1977.
- "Tim Hurtz, oboe" at Penn State University website. 2015.
- Burgess, Geoffrey. "Bloom, Robert" in Grove Music Online, edited by Deane Root. Oxford Music Online (Oxford University Press, updated 30 August 2004), accessed September 5, 2015.
- "Remembering Ray Still" at Chicago Symphony Orchestra website
- Webster, Daniel. "Robert Bloom; Premier Oboist Played With Phila. Orchestra." in The Philadelphia Inquirer, February 18, 1994. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Stolper, Daniel. "The Robert Bloom Collection: Solo Works and Chamber Music for Oboe" in Notes: Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association, Volume 58, Number 1, September 2001. pp. 186-191.
- "The Art of Robert Bloom ~ A series of 7 CDs" at robertandsaralambertbloom
- Danton, Eric R. "Folk artist Bloom back after domestic interlude". chicagotribune.com.
- Bloom, Sara Lambert. "A Tribute to Robert Bloom". Double Reed, Volume 11, Number 3 (1988): 11–21.
- Bloom, Sara Lambert (editor), with contributions and/or quotations from Julius Baker, Samuel Baron, Robert Bloom, Susan Eischeid, Jerome Hoberman, David McGill, Leopold Stokowski, Robert Stumpf II, Daniel Webster and others. Robert Bloom: The Story of a Working Musician. rdg, 2009. (Addenda and errata: 2012) ISBN 9781934866115 OCLC 429118667
- Burgess, Geoffrey. "Bloom, Robert" in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. London: Macmillan Publishers. Second edition, 2001.
- Burgess, Geoffrey. "Bloom, Robert" in The Grove Dictionary of American Music, second edition, eight volumes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-19-531428-1.
- Galbraith, Amy M. The American School of Oboe Playing: Robert Bloom, John de Lancie, John Mack, and the Influence of Marcel Tabuteau. West Virginia University, 2011. ISBN 9781124894478
- Schwartz, Norman. "The Pavarotti of the Oboe: Robert Bloom" in The Double Reed, Volume 28 Number 1 (2005).
- Woodhams, Richard. "Robert Bloom, Eminent American Oboist." in The Instrumentalist, Volume 44, Number 4 (December 1989): 24–30.