Robert Atkinson (businessman)

Sir Robert Atkinson, DSC & Two Bars (7 March 1916 – 25 January 2015) was a British businessman and decorated Royal Navy officer. He served in the Royal Navy during World War II and was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross three times. Later, he was a businessman involved in shipbuilding and served as Chairman of British Shipbuilders from 1980 to 1984.[1]


Robert Atkinson

Sir Robert Atkinson.png
Robert Atkinson being interviewed for the BBC/A&E television series Decisive Weapons (1997)
Chairman of British Shipbuilders
In office
1980–1984
Preceded bySir Anthony Griffin
Succeeded bySir Graham Day
Personal details
Born(1916-03-07)7 March 1916
Died25 January 2015(2015-01-25) (aged 98)
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)
Joyce Forster (m. 1941⁠–⁠1973)

Margaret Hazel Walker (m. 1977⁠–⁠2015)
Alma materUniversity of London
Civilian awardsKnight Bachelor (1983)
Military service
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Branch/serviceRoyal Navy
Years of service1939?–1946
Military awardsDistinguished Service Cross (3)

Early lifeEdit

Atkinson was born on 7 March 1916 in Tynemouth, England.[1][2] He was one of three sons born to Nicholas Ridley Atkinson, a civil engineer with the Tynemouth Improvement Commission, and his wife Margaret.[3][4] He was educated at a grammar school,[1] and then studied engineering at the University of London.[2]

His older brother was The Reverend Canon Professor James Atkinson, who was a Church of England priest and academic specialising in Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation.[3] His other brother died in March 1943 with the sinking of a merchant ship on which he was serving. It had been torpedoed and Robert was close enough to his brother's vessel to hear its distress signal over his ship's radio but not close enough to reach it before it sank.[1]

Military careerEdit

Following the completion of his university degree, Atkinson joined the Royal Naval Reserve.[2] He was promoted from acting sub-lieutenant to sub lieutenant on 13 August 1939.[5] His first command was a requisitioned private yacht, HMS Lorna, which he sailed from the United Kingdom to Gibraltar. From there, he was to conduct irregular operations in the Mediterranean Sea. One such operation was the seizure of an Italian tanker carrying aviation fuel, which he then sailed back to the UK. He later described the act, committed against a country that had yet to enter World War II, as 'pure act of piracy'.[1] On 23 September 1940, he was promoted to lieutenant and granted seniority in that rank from 1 May 1940.[6]

He was awarded his first Distinguished Service Cross in 1941. He was the second-in-command of HMS Rhododendron, a Flower-class corvette, and was involved in the dangerous duty of convoy escort.[1] He took command of HMS Pink in 1942 and escorted three crucial convoys, including ONS 5 in spring 1943. He was awarded his second DSC for his actions during this mission, which included a possible sinking of a U-boat.[7] He received his third in 1945 for sinking German submarine U-878 in HMS Tintagel Castle.[7]

Atkinson was demobbed in 1946.[1]

Business careerEdit

Following the war, he studied engineering at London University and McGill University, Montreal.[7] Returning to the UK, he entered business and held managerial positions at William Doxford, Tube Investments, Unicorn Industries and Aurora Steel. In 1980, he was appointed Chairman of British Shipbuilders. He retired from that position in 1984.[8]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1941, Atkinson married Joyce Forster. Together they had two children; one son and one daughter. His first wife died in 1973. In 1977, he married Margaret Hazel Walker. They did not have any children.[8]

Atkinson died on 25 January 2015, at the age of 98. He was survived by his daughter and his second wife.[8]

HonoursEdit

On 4 March 1941, Atkinson was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) 'for courage and skill in a successful action against an enemy submarine in heavy seas'.[9] On 19 October 1943, he was awarded a bar to his Distinguished Service Cross (IE awarded the DSC for a second time) "For gallantry and devotion to duty in determined and successful attacks on U-boats while serving in H.M. Ships Duncan, Pink, Sunflower, Vidette, Tay, Loosestrife, Alisma, Spey, Pelican, Jed, Snowflake and Lagan on Convoy Escort duty".[10] He was made a Knight Bachelor in 1983, and therefore granted the title sir.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Sir Robert Atkinson". The Times. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Sir Robert Atkinson, businessman - obituary". The Daily Telegraph. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b Townley, Peter (19 August 2011). "Rev Canon Prof James Atkinson: Priest and theologian acclaimed as an authority on Luther and the Reformation". The Independent. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Professor Canon James Atkinson". The Times. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  5. ^ "No. 34696". The London Gazette. 29 September 1939. p. 6571.
  6. ^ "No. 34958". The London Gazette. 1 October 1940. p. 5786.
  7. ^ a b c d Adeny, Martin. "Sir Robert Atkinson obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  8. ^ a b c "ATKINSON, Sir Robert". Who Was Who. Oxford University Press. April 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  9. ^ "No. 35092". The London Gazette (Supplement). 28 February 1941. p. 1290.
  10. ^ "No. 36214". The London Gazette (Supplement). 15 October 1943. p. 4613.