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Romania's National Road Network
Road network in Romania by quality (2017)

Public roads in Romania are ranked according to importance and traffic as follows:

  • motorways (autostradă - pl. autostrăzi) - colour: green; designation: A followed by one or two digits
  • expressways (drum rapid or drum expres) - colour: red; designation: DX followed by one or two digits and an optional letter
  • national road (drum național - pl. drumuri naționale) - colour: red; designation: DN followed by one or two digits and an optional letter
  • county road (drum județean - pl. drumuri județene) - colour: blue; designation: DJ followed by three digits and an optional letter; unique numbers per county
  • local road (drum comunal - pl. drumuri comunale) - colour: yellow; designated DC followed by a number and an optional letter; unique numbers per county

Some of the national roads are part of the European route scheme. European routes passing through Romania: E58; E60; E70; E85; E79; E81; E68; E87 (Class A); E574; E576; E581; E583; E671; E771.

In 2014, a total of 85,362 kilometres (53,041 mi) of roads existed in Romania, of which 52,328 kilometres (32,515 mi) were paved and 33,034 kilometres (20,526 mi) were gravel roads.[1]

Contents

MotorwaysEdit

Development of the overall length (at the end of):

Total length of highways in use in Romania
Year 1972 1987 2000 2002 2004 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Length in km 96 113 113* 113* 228 262 262* 304 332 390 530 635 685 711 732 748 806

Motorways are identified by A followed by a number. As of December 2018, Romania has 806.7 km of motorway in use, with another 193.2 km under construction.[2] In recent years, a master plan for the national motorway network has been developed and many works have begun around the country,[3] which will result in significant changes by 2015,[4] and eventually by 2022.[5]

There are few tolls for using roads in Romania. There is one at the Giurgeni – Vadu Oii Bridge over the river Danube on highway DN2A at Vadu Oii and one at the Cernavodă Bridge, on the A2 motorway, a 17 km long section between Fetești and Cernavodă which consists of two road/railway bridges. Nevertheless, every owner of a car that uses a motorway (A) or a national road (DN) in Romania must purchase a vignette (rovinietă) from any of the main petrol stations or at any post office throughout the country.[6]

Trunk Motorway Route Planned (km) / Built (km) Remarks
A1 motorway BucharestPiteștiRâmnicu VâlceaSibiuDevaTimișoaraAradNădlac –> Hungary 576 / 385 Bucharest – Pitești (110 km), Sibiu – Deva (132 km), Traian Vuia - Nadlac (143 km) sections are operational; works are ongoing on another 72 km between Deva and Lugoj; the remaining 123 km between Pitesti and Sibiu have yet to start construction.[7]
A2 motorway BucharestFeteștiCernavodăConstanța 203 / 203 Operational on the entire length; first fully completed Romanian motorway.
A3 motorway BucharestPloiești and BrașovSighișoaraTârgu MureșCluj-NapocaZalăuOradeaBorș –> Hungary 603 / 138 Bucharest – Ploiești (62.5 km), Câmpia Turzii – Nădășel (61.5 km) and Iernut - Ungheni sectors (13.7 km) are operational; Iernut - Campia Turzii (33.5 km) section is under construction.
A4 motorway OvidiuAgigeaMangaliaVama Veche –> Bulgaria ~60 / 22 Constanța bypass complete, between Ovidiu and the Port of Constanța. Agigea – Vama Veche section planned.
A5 motorway BrașovBacău 160 / 0 Mentioned in the 2014 Masterplan[8]
A6 motorway Junction with A1 near LugojDrobeta-Turnu SeverinCraiovaCalafatAlexandriaBucharest n/a / 11 Operational between the junction with A1 and the Lugoj bypass.[9]
A7 motorway Junction with A3 near PloieștiBacăuSuceavaSiret –> Ukraine 329 / 0 Feasibility studies are currently underway for four lots (Ploiești to Pașcani). Only the Bacău bypass (16km) is under construction. No plans have been made so far for a highway between Pașcani and Siret (Ukrainian border).[10]
A8 motorway IașiTârgu FrumosSăbăoaniTârgu Neamț - Sovata - Târgu Mureș 319 / 0 It will connect Moldavia to A3 Transylvania Motorway. Feasibility studies conducted in 2009-2011; Feasibility studies revision and update contracted in 2015.[11]
A9 motorway Junction with A1 near TimișoaraMoravița 92 / 0 It will connect Timișoara to the Serbian border.
A10 motorway Junction with A1 near Sebeș – Junction with A3 near Turda 70 / 28.8 Lots 3&4 operational, lots 1 & 2 currently in construction.[12]
A11 motorway AradOradea 118 / 3 Only a few kilometres between A1 and DN7 near Arad is open right now. Rest is planned.
A12 motorway Pitesti - Craiova 121/ 0 Being built as DX12 expressway
Fagaras-Sibiu Motorway (A13) Sibiu - Fagaras (through Brasov - Bacau) 128/0 Feasibility study underway
Bucharest motorway ring road (A0) Beltway around Bucharest 100 / 0 South Ring Road Motorway (48 km) tendered as a concession in 2013. North Ring Road Motorway (52 km) planned.[citation needed]

ExpresswaysEdit

Planned expressways according to CNADNR (Romanian National Company of Motorways and National Roads):[8][13]

Expressway Name Route Length (km) / in use (km) Remarks
DX1 Valahia Expres GăeștiTârgoviștePloiești 74 / 0 will connect A1 to A3
DX2 Danubius Expres LugojDrobeta-Turnu SeverinCraiovaCaracalAlexandriaBucharest 246 / 0 will connect A6 to A12, then to A0
DX3 Brașovia Expres BrașovPitești 65 / 0 will connect A3 to A1
DX4 Someș Expres TurdaCluj-NapocaGherlaDejBaia MareHalmeu border-crossing to Ukraine 320 / 0 will connect A3 to Ukraine
DX4A Someș Expres DejBistrița 56 / 0 will connect DX4 to Bistrița
DX4B Someș Expres Ardusat (DX4 exit) – Baia Mare 10 / 0 will connect DX4 to Baia Mare
DX4C Someș Expres Livada (DX4 exit) – Satu MarePetea border-crossing to Hungary 140 / 0 will connect DX4 to Hungary
DX5A Moldavia Expres BacăuPiatra Neamț 53 / 0 will connect A7 to Piatra Neamț
DX6 Milcovia Expres BrăilaFocșani 108 / 0 will connect DX5 to DX7, then to DX8, then to Republic of Moldova
DX7 Muntenia Expres BuzăuBrăila 98 / 0 will connect DX5 to DX6
DX8 Dobrogea Expres ConstanțaTulceaBrăila 186 / 0 will connect A4 to DX6
DX12 Oltenia Expres CraiovaSlatinaPitești 121 / 0 will connect A1 to DX2

European routesEdit

Class AEdit

Map or European routes through Romania

Class BEdit

National roadsEdit

 
National road network

There is a total of 17,272 kilometres (10,732 mi) of National Roads (DN).[1] Seven one-digit national roads start off in Bucharest in a radial pattern.[2]

Truck roadsEdit

National Road Route Length (km) European System Remarks
DN1
 
BucharestPloieștiBrașovFăgărașSibiuAlba IuliaTurdaCluj-NapocaOradeaBorș –> Hungary 642 (Bucharest – Brașov); (Brașov – Tălmaciu); E68/E81 (Tălmaciu – Sebeș); (Sebeș – Turda); E60/E81 (Turda – Cluj-Napoca); (Cluj-Napoca – Oradea) Partially four-lane road.
Probably the busiest truckroad in Romania and one of the longest. The road serves as one of the main routes linking the capital with Transylvania and the western border and comprises numerous sections of European roads.
DN1C
 
Cluj-NapocaApahidaGherlaDejBaia MareHalmeu –> Ukraine 217 (Cluj-Napoca – Dej); (Dej – Baia Mare – Halmeu); (Livada – Halmeu) Four-lane road from Apahida to Gherla. Because of the heavy traffic from the Bosch factory in Jucu, a new bridge over the Somesul Mic river was built near Apahida. Access to and from Cluj-Napoca is granted by a northern 2 lane bypass, built in 2009 to reduce traffic congestion. The bypass is part of the future Cluj-Napoca beltway, and will link E576 straight to A3 motorway.
DN1F
 
Cluj-NapocaZalăuSărmășagCarei –> Hungary 178 (Cluj-Napoca – Zalău – Supuru de Sus)
DN12
 
BrașovSfântu GheorgheBăile TușnadMiercurea-CiucToplița 164
DN13
 
BrașovRupeaSighișoaraBălăușeriTârgu Mureș 165
DN15
 
TurdaCâmpia TurziiLudușTârgu MureșReghinToplițaPoiana LarguluiBicazPiatra NeamțBacău 369 (Turda – Targu Mures); (Reghin – Toplita)
DN17
 
DejBecleanBistrițaVatra DorneiCâmpulung MoldovenescGura HumoruluiSuceava 252
DN18
 
Baia MareSighetu MarmațieiBorșaCârlibabaIacobeni 220
DN19
 
Sighetu MarmațieiCâmpulung la TisaNegrești-OașSatu MareCareiOradea 234 (Livada – Satu Mare); (Satu Mare – Oradea)
DN2
 
BucharestUrziceniBuzăuFocșaniBacăuRomanFălticeniSuceavaSiret –> Ukraine 482 Two-lane road with emergency lanes, up to Săbăoani. Due to high risk of accidents, caused by drivers using the emergency lane as a slow vehicles lane, conversion to 2+1 road is considered.
Passes by several fortified cloisters/churches and through the scenery of northern Moldavia.
DN2A
 
UrziceniSloboziațăndăreiHârșovaConstanța 210
DN2B
 
BuzăuFăureiBrăilaGalați –> Moldova 152 (Brăila – Giurgiulești)
DN22
 
Râmnicu SăratBrăilaMăcinIsacceaTulceaBabadagConstanța 286 (Brăila – Constanța)
DN24
 
TișițaTecuciBârladVasluiIașiSculeni –> Moldova 220 (Iași – Sculeni); (Tișița – Crasna); (Iași – Sculeni)
DN24B
 
CrasnaHușiAlbița –> Moldova 49
DN28
 
RomanTârgu FrumosIașiAlbița 141 (Târgu Frumos – Iași); (Roman – Săbăoani); (Săbăoani – Iași) Two-lane road with emergency lanes, just like the case of DN2.
DN28A
 
Târgu FrumosPașcaniMoțca 38
DN28B
 
Târgu FrumosHârlăuBotoșani 78
DN3
 
BucharestFunduleaLehliu GarăCălărașiOstrovBasarabiConstanța 260
DN4
 
BucharestOltenița 72
DN5
 
BucharestGiurgiu –> Bulgaria 65 Four-lane road.
DN6
 
BucharestAlexandriaCaracalCraiovaDrobeta-Turnu SeverinCaransebeșLugojTimișoaraSânnicolau MareCenad –> Hungary 639 (Bucharest – Timisoara) Partially four-lane road.
DN66
 
SimeriaHațegPetroșaniTârgu JiuFiliași 211
DN69
 
TimișoaraArad 46
DN7
 
BucharestGăeștiPiteștiRâmnicu VâlceaSibiuDevaAradNădlac –> Hungary 597 (Bucharest – Talmaciu); E58/E81/overlap with DN1 (Talmaciu – Sebes); (Sebes – Nadlac) Partially four-lane road.
Heading north from Ramnicu Valcea to Sibiu, the trunkroad passes along the Olt River Valley.
DN76
 
DevaBradșteiBeiușOradea 181
DN79
 
AradChișineu CrișSalontaOradea 113
CB
 
Bucharest ring road 82 To be upgraded to four-lane road.

Other national roadsEdit

National Road Route Length (km) European road Remarks
DN1A
 
BucharestBufteaPloieștiVălenii de MunteSăcele 185   E60 (Ploiești)
  E577 (Ploiești)
DN1B
 
PloieștiMizilBuzău 67   E577
(entire route)
Upgrading to four-lane road.
DN1D
 
MizilUrziceni 42
DN1E
 
BrașovPoiana BrașovRâșnov 22
DN1G
 
HuedinJibou 50   E81
(Zimbor-Sânmihaiu Almașului, overlap with DN1F)
DN1H
 
NegreniJibouȘimleu SilvanieiAleșd 132   E81
(Badon–Zalǎu, overlap with DN1F)
DN1L CiolpaniLake Snagov 5 Formerly DJ101M
DN1N Cluj-NapocaBoju 16 Formerly DJ105S
DN1P Uileacu de CrișSǎrsig 22
DN1R HuedinBelișAlbac 80 Formerly DJ108
DN1S ȘercaiaHoghiz 24 Formerly DJ104
DN1T
 
MirșidMoigrad-Porolissum 3 Formerly DJ106B
DN10
 
BrașovÎntorsura BuzăuluiNehoiuBuzău 146
DN11
 
BrașovTârgu SecuiescOneștiBacău 179   E574
(entire route)
DN11A
 
OneștiAdjudPodu Turcului 91
DN11B
 
Târgu SecuiescCozmeni 40
DN12A
 
Miercurea-CiucTârgu OcnaComăneștiOnești 116
DN12B
 
Târgu OcnaSlănic-Moldova 22
DN12C
 
GheorgheniLacu RoșuBicaz 57
DN13A
 
Târgu MureșPraidSovataMiercurea-Ciuc 131
DN13B
 
GheorgheniPraid 51
DN13C
 
VânǎtoriCristuru SecuiescBisericani 31
DN13D SovataSăcădat 8
DN13E Feldioara - Sfântu Gheorghe - Covasna - Întorsura Buzăului 89
DN14
 
SighișoaraDumbrăveniMediașCopșa MicăSibiu 90
DN14A
 
Târgu MureșIernutTârnăveniMediaș 42
DN14B
 
Alba IuliaBlajCopșa Mică 56
DN15A
 
Târgu MureșReghinBistrița-Năsăud 47   E578
(entire route)
DN15B
 
Poiana LarguluiTârgu NeamțCristești 62
DN15C
 
Piatra NeamțBălțăteștiTârgu NeamțFălticeni 60
DN15D
 
Piatra NeamțGirovRomanVaslui 120
DN15E Târgu MureșSatu Nou 45
DN15F SăcăluşeştiAgapiaAgapia Monastery 7
DN15G BălțăteștiValea SeacăVăratec Monastery 4
DN16
 
Cluj-NapocaApahidaReghin 105   E578
(Reghin, overlap with DN15A)
DN17A
 
Câmpulung MoldovenescMoldovițaRădăuțiSiret 93
DN17B
 
Vatra DorneiPoiana Largului 87
DN17C
 
BistrițaNăsăudMoisei 86
DN17D
 
BecleanNăsăudSângeorz BăiCârlibaba 98
DN18A Borșa - Băile Borșa 1
DN18B Baia Mare - Târgu Lăpuș - Cășeiu 56
DN19A
 
Satu MareSupuru de Jos 62   E81
(entire route)
DN19B
 
NușfalăuMarghitaSăcueni 54
DN2C
 
BuzăuPogoaneleSlobozia 85
DN2D
 
FocșaniTulniciTârgu Secuiesc 119
DN2E
 
FălticeniGura Humorului 88
DN2F
 
BacăuVaslui 85
DN2G
 
BacăuMoineștiComănești 55
DN2H
 
Românești - Milișăuți - Rădăuți - Vicovu de Jos - Putna 45
DN2K
 
Milișăuți - Arbore - Solca 17
DN2M Focșani - Odobești - Andreiașu de Jos 52
DN2N Mărtinești - Dumbrăveni - Jitia 56
DN2R Jitia - Vintileasca 11
DN21
 
BrăilaÎnsurățeiSloboziaCălărași 132
DN21A
 
BărăganulȚăndărei 23
DN22A
 
HârșovaNalbantTulcea 86
DN22B BrăilaGalați 15
DN22C
 
BasarabiMedgidiaCernavodă 43
DN22D
 
MăcinHoriaBaia 78
DN22E GalațiGarvăn 16
DN22F HoriaNalbant 13
DN22G Tulcea 5
DN23 FocșaniBrăila 89
DN23A FocșaniMărtineștiCiorăști 34
DN23B MăicăneștiCiorăști 34
DN24A
 
BârladMurgeniBerezeniHuși 100
DN24C
 
VânătoriStefăneștiRădăuți Prut 142
DN24D
 
BârladTuluceștiBălăbăneștiCuca 85
DN25
 
TecuciLiești 68
DN25A NǎneștiHanu Conachi 8
DN26
 
MurgeniMăstăcaniGalați 95
DN28D Iași bypass 14
DN29
 
SuceavaBotoșaniSăveniManoleasa 99   E58
(Suceava–Botoșani)
DN29A
 
SuceavaVârfu CâmpuluiDorohoiDarabaniRădăuți Prut 100
DN29B
 
BotoșaniDorohoi 32
DN29C
 
CucorăniVârfu CâmpuluiSiret 46
DN29D
 
BotoșaniTrușeștiStânca –> Moldova 48
DN29E Stânca –> Moldova 4
DN3A
 
Lehliu GarăFetești 79
DN3B
 
CălărașiFeteștiHârșova 98
DN3C
 
ConstanțaOvidiu 12
DN3D Călărași 6
DN31
 
CălărașiOltenița 60
DN31A DN31 – DN4 (Oltenița) 3
DN38
 
AgigeaNegru Vodă –> Bulgaria 54   E675
(entire route)
DN39
 
ConstanțaMangaliaVama Veche –> Bulgaria 54   E60
(Constanța–Eforie)
  E87
(entire route)
Four-lane road.
DN39A EforiePortul Constanța Sud - Agigea 3   E60
(entire route)
DN39B DN39 – Olimp 4
DN39C DN39 – Neptun 2
DN39D DN39 – Jupiter 2
DN39E ConstanțaCumpăna 6 Formerly a portion of DN38
DN41
 
OltenițaGiurgiu 64
DN41A DN41–DN4 (Oltenița) 1
DN5A Adunații-CopăceniHotareleGreaca 34
DN5B
 
GiurgiuGhimpați 39
DN5C
 
GiurgiuZimnicea 59
DN51
 
AlexandriaZimnicea 43
DN51A ZimniceaTurnu Măgurele 56
DN52
 
AlexandriaTurnu Măgurele 54
DN54
 
CaracalCorabiaTurnu Măgurele 71
DN54A
 
CorabiaBechet 44
DN55
 
CraiovaBechet 71
DN55A
 
BechetCalafat 95
DN56
 
CraiovaCalafat –> Bulgaria 85   E79
(entire route)
DN56A
 
MaglavitVânju MareDrobeta-Turnu Severin 79
DN56B
 
HinovaIron Gate II Hydroelectric Power Station 31
DN56C
 
Salcia, MehedințiDevesel 60
DN57
 
OrșovaMoldova NouăOravițaMoravița 201
DN57A
 
Moldova VecheBaziaș –> Serbia 26
DN57B
 
IablanițaAninaOravița 97
DN58
 
CaransebeșReșițaAnina 83
DN58A
 
SoceniLugoj 41
DN58B
 
VoitegBocșaGătaiaReșița 66
DN59
 
TimișoaraVoitegMoravița –> Serbia 64   E70
(entire route)
DN59A
 
TimișoaraJimbolia –> Serbia 48
DN59B
 
CărpinișCruceniDeta 75
DN59C
 
JimboliaSânnicolau Mare 41
DN6A Iron Gate I Hydroelectric Power Station –> Serbia 1   E771
(entire route)
DN6B CraiovaMelineștiHurezani 57
DN61
 
GhimpațiCrevedia MareGăești 79
DN64
 
CaracalDrăgășaniRâmnicu Vâlcea 135 Partially four-lane road.
DN64A Râmnicu VâlceaBăile Olănești 19
DN65
 
PiteștiSlatinaCraiova 122   E574
(entire route)
DN65A
 
PiteștiCosteștiRoșiorii de VedeTurnu Măgurele 124   E70
(Roșiorii de Vede, overlap with DN6)
DN65B
 
DN65 – A1 (Pitești)
Pitești southern ring road
7
DN65C
 
CraiovaBălceștiHorezu 111
DN65D DN65 – DN7 (Pitești)
Pitești southwestern bypass
planned
DN65E Roșiorii de VedeHorezu 40
DN65F DN65 – DN6 (Craiova)
Craiova northern ring road
14
DN66A
 
PetroșaniLupeniCâmpu lui Neag 105
DN67
 
Drobeta-Turnu SeverinMotruTârgu JiuHorezuRâmnicu Vâlcea 197
DN67A
 
StrehaiaMotruBroșteni 24
DN67B
 
ScoarțaTârgu CărbuneștiRusăneștiDrăgășaniPitești 189
DN67C
 
SebeșObârșia LotruluiNovaciCiocadia 148 Also known as the Transalpina.
DN67D
 
Băile HerculaneBaia de AramăTârgu Jiu 108
DN68
 
CaransebeșOțelu RoșuSubcetate 71
DN68A
 
LugojFăgetIlia 79   E673
(entire route)
DN68B
 
DevaHunedoara 12
DN7A
 
BrezoiVoineasaPetroșani 108
DN7B SederhatTurnu –> Hungary 10
DN7C
 
Arpașu de JosBâlea LakeCurtea de ArgeșPitești 90 Also known as the Transfăgărășan.
DN7D
 
CâineniCurtea de Argeș 61
DN7E DN7 – DN7 (Arad) 7 Formerly DN7
DN7CC Călimănești ring road 8
DN71
 
TărtășeștiTârgoviștePucioasaSinaia 110
DN72
 
GăeștiTârgoviștePloiești 76
DN72A
 
TârgovișteCâmpulung 62
DN73
 
BrașovRâșnovRucărCâmpulungPitești 133   E574
(entire route)
DN73A
 
PredealRâșnovZărneștiȘercaia 68   E574
(Râșnov, overlap with DN73)
DN73B CristianGhimbav 5
DN73C
 
CâmpulungCurtea de ArgeșRâmnicu Vâlcea 70
DN73D ArgeșeluMioveniFântânea 49
DN74
 
BradAbrudZlatnaAlba Iulia 105
DN74A
 
CâmpeniAbrud 11
DN75
 
TurdaBaia de ArieșCâmpeniȘtei 160
DN79A
 
VârfurileIneuChișineu CrișVărșand –> Hungary 127
DN79B Salonta –> Hungary 14

County and communal roadsEdit

In 2009, a total of 35,048 kilometres (21,778 mi) of county roads (of which 24,100 km paved and 10,948 km gravel roads) and 30,162 kilometres (18,742 mi) of communal roads (of which 6,043 km paved and 24,119 km gravel roads) existed in Romania.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Lungimea căilor de transport, la 31 XII 2014". ziaruldeiasi.ro. 27 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Prezentarea generală a rețelei de drumuri". CNADNR. Archived from the original on 11 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
  3. ^ "Proiecte finanțate prin instrumente structurale". CNADNR. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
  4. ^ "Calendarul finalizarii proiectelor de autostrăzi in România". 130km.ro. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Primele imagini cu masterplanul pentru transporturi - ce autostrăzi vrea să facă Guvernul Ponta până în 2022". Hotnews. 8 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Rovinietă 2012 Taxă de Drum și Tarife Rovinietă 2012". Ghidtransport.ro. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  7. ^ http://www.ziare.com/economie/infrastructura/constructia-autostrazii-sibiu-pitesti-nu-va-incepe-mai-devreme-de-2020-iata-de-ce-1544916
  8. ^ a b "Roads Masterplan 2014" (PDF). CNADNR. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  9. ^ "Primul lot al Autostrăzii Lugoj - Deva, deschis circulației în plină noapte, cu o întârziere de nouă luni". Hotnews. 23 December 2013.
  10. ^ http://www.130km.ro/a7.html
  11. ^ "Autostrada A8 Târgu Neamt - Iași: Autostrada care ar urma să lege Moldova cu Vestul Moldovei". Hotnews.ro. 9 March 2015.
  12. ^ Wall-Street.ro 'Șova: Lucrările la Autostrada Turda - Sebeș încep în 20 mai pe două tronsoane'
  13. ^ "Construcție drumuri expres". CNADNR. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
  14. ^ "Lungimea căilor de transport, la 31 XII 2009" (PDF). INS. 27 April 2010.