Rizal, Laguna

Rizal, officially the Municipality of Rizal (Tagalog: Bayan ng Rizal), is a 5th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 18,332 people. [3]

Rizal
Pauli
Municipality of Rizal
Municipal Hall with statue of José Rizal
Municipal Hall with statue of José Rizal
Official seal of Rizal
Map of Laguna with Rizal highlighted
Map of Laguna with Rizal highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Rizal is located in Philippines
Rizal
Rizal
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°06′30″N 121°23′30″E / 14.1083°N 121.3917°E / 14.1083; 121.3917Coordinates: 14°06′30″N 121°23′30″E / 14.1083°N 121.3917°E / 14.1083; 121.3917
CountryPhilippines
RegionCalabarzon
ProvinceLaguna
District 3rd district
FoundedJanuary 7, 1919
Named forDr. José Rizal
Barangays11 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorVener P. Muñoz
 • Vice MayorAntonino A. Aurelio
 • RepresentativeMarisol Aragones-Sampelo
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate12,940 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total27.90 km2 (10.77 sq mi)
Elevation
397 m (1,302 ft)
Highest elevation
1,489 m (4,885 ft)
Lowest elevation
142 m (466 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total18,332
 • Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Households
4,061
Economy
 • Income class5th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence3.03% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱88,531,565.94 (2020)
 • Assets₱122,233,825.61 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱92,901,943.76 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱43,434,621.80 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4003
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)49
Native languagesTagalog

The municipality, named after the country's national hero José Rizal, is one of the youngest municipalities in Laguna.

This town is the birthplace of the milky mixed vegetable dish called "amenudong gulay".. The people from this town have an old tradition of celebrating Christmas on January 6. There was also a legend of Michael the Archangel apparitions at the town's biggest natural spring "Bukal ni San Miguel" during the Spanish era, making St. Michael the town's patron saint.

Rizal is the town where the WW2 hero Brig. Gen. Marcos V. Agustin (a.k.a. Marcos Marking), Commander of the Marking's Guerillas is known to be buried and is also the hometown of Filipina actress-politician Angelica Jones.

HistoryEdit

The kaingineros were among the first reported settlers in this part of Laguna around the 17th century. Around mid-1800, this area was called barrio "Pauli" and was part of the town of Nagcarlan.

Residents from this place used to say that the barrio "Pauli" got its name from the way that its brook flows at the edge of the settlement, whose stream flows back and forth. “Pauli,” must have come from the Tagalog word “Pauli-uli,” which means coming back and forth.

Ever since, local villagers earn their living by farming. The soil in this barrio is rich and is abundant of water for there were numerous natural springs around the settlement, making the settlers enjoy bountiful harvests of coconuts, root crops, vegetables, and rice. Locales also thrive by fishing from the Mayton and Mayit brooks and Lawa ng Kalibato (Calibato Lake), which the village share with the town of Sampalok, which is now San Pablo City.

When the Spanish rule ended and the Philippines became a commonwealth state of the United States, Pauli became independent from the town of Nagcarlan and became a new township. The American Federal Government appointed Pedro Urrea the Municipal President. Nevertheless, Pauli's township lasted only for a brief two years. Its inability to support its administrative expenses caused Pauli to affiliate once more with its mother town.

However, between 1912 and 1915, residents led by Fortunato Urrea Arban, Agustin Vista, and Felix Isles, former municipal councilors campaigned to regain their municipal status. The petition included the inclusion of barrios Antipolo, Entablado, Laguan, Pook, Mayton, Pauli, Talaga and Tuy. On December 18, 1918, Governor Francis Burton Harrison issued Executive Order 56 creating the Municipality of Rizal, naming the town after the foremost national hero Dr. Jose P. Rizal.

Officials inaugurated the new town a year after on January 7, 1919, and had Fortunato Urrea Arban as mayor. Before the citizens of Pauli won back their township, Innocente Sumague donated a piece of land for the construction of a church (Parroquia De San Miguel Arcangel) in 1916. Construction workers quarried Mayton Creek for stones and gravel. The quarry claimed many lives before the construction ended, in time for the midnight mass of Christmas of 1917.

Pablo Urrea became the mayor in 1941 and subsequently relinquished his post to lead the guerrilla fighters during the Japanese occupation.

GeographyEdit

It is a landlocked municipality located 25 kilometers (16 mi) from the provincial capital Santa Cruz and is bounded on the north by municipality of Calauan, on the east by Nagcarlan, on the west by San Pablo City, and on the south by Dolores, Quezon.

Located amidst coconut trees, Rizal is surrounded by the foothills of Mount San Cristobal, Mount Banahaw, and the Basilin Hill.

BarangaysEdit

Rizal is politically subdivided into 11 barangays.[5]

  • Antipolo
  • Entablado
  • Laguan
  • Pauli 1
  • Pauli 2
  • East Poblacion
  • West Poblacion
  • Pook
  • Tala
  • Talaga
  • Tuy

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Rizal, Laguna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
27
(81)
28
(82)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
28
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 52
(2.0)
35
(1.4)
27
(1.1)
27
(1.1)
82
(3.2)
124
(4.9)
163
(6.4)
144
(5.7)
145
(5.7)
141
(5.6)
100
(3.9)
102
(4.0)
1,142
(45)
Average rainy days 12.0 8.1 8.8 9.7 17.9 22.6 26.2 24.5 24.6 22.0 16.7 14.9 208
Source: Meteoblue [6]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Rizal
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 1,882—    
1939 3,036+1.34%
1948 3,901+2.82%
1960 5,392+2.73%
1970 6,539+1.95%
1975 8,097+4.38%
1980 7,510−1.49%
1990 9,501+2.38%
1995 11,537+3.71%
2000 13,006+2.60%
2007 15,459+2.41%
2010 15,518+0.14%
2015 17,253+2.04%
2020 18,332+1.20%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[7][8][9][10]

In the 2020 census, the population of Rizal, Laguna, was 18,332 people, [3] with a density of 660 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,700 inhabitants per square mile.

EconomyEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Rizal | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "Province: Laguna". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Rizal: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  7. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Laguna". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.

External linksEdit