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Rivian is an American automaker and automotive technology company. Founded in 2009, the company develops vehicles, products and services related to sustainable transportation.[3][4] The company has facilities in Plymouth, Michigan; San Jose, California; Irvine, California;[3][5] Normal, Illinois;[6][4] and the United Kingdom.[1] In 2017 Rivian announced it was building an electric sport utility vehicle (SUV) and pickup truck[7] on a platform that executives claim can be modified for future vehicles or adapted by other companies, with both vehicles semi-autonomous and designed for on-road and off-road driving.[8]

Rivian Automotive LLC
Private (LLC)
FoundedApril 2009, 4; 10 years ago (4-04-2009)
FounderRobert "RJ" Scaringe
HeadquartersPlymouth, Michigan, U.S.
Number of locations
Plymouth, Michigan; San Jose and Irvine, California; Normal, Illinois[1]
Key people
  • RJ Scaringe CEO
  • Jiten Behl CSO
  • Ryan Green CFO
  • Mark Vinnels (Executive Director of Engineering)[1]
ProductsSemi-autonomous and electric vehicles, batteries
Number of employees
750 (2019[2])



The company was founded on 4 April 2009[3][4] by CEO Robert "RJ" Scaringe, who graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a doctorate in mechanical engineering.[5] After being renamed Avera Automotive and then Rivian Automotive,[3][4][9][10] the company began focusing on autonomous[3] electric vehicles in 2011.[5][11] Rivian received a large investment and grew significantly in 2015, opening research facilities in Michigan and the Bay Area.[12] Relocating headquarters to Livonia, Michigan to be closer to key suppliers,[13] Rivian began working exclusively on electric autonomous vehicles, specifically building an “entire ecosystem” of related products.[3] It also began gearing its prototypes towards the “ride-sharing and driverless car markets."[14]

A 2011 prototype from Rivian, introduced by Scaringe

It was reported in September 2016 that Rivian was negotiating to buy a manufacturing plant formerly owned by Mitsubishi Motors in Normal, Illinois.[15][4] In January 2017, Rivian acquired the plant[15][12] and its manufacturing contents for $16 million,[6][4] with the plant to become Rivian’s primary North American manufacturing facility.[3] Rivian’s acquisition of a near production-ready facility instead of building a new factory[12] has been likened to Tesla's acquisition of the NUMMI plant in California.[6][4] The company received a $1 million grant and a five-year tax abatement from Normal contingent on meeting employment targets and investing $40.5 million over five years.[3] Rivian also received $49.5 million in tax credits from the state government; these credits are also contingent upon meeting employment targets and investing at least $175 million into the site by 2024.[6][4]

Rivian employed around 100 people at the end of 2016,[14][13] and that number grew to 160 by August 2017.[13] Sumitomo Corporation made a “strategic investment” in Rivian in December 2017,[5][16][7] and Rivian reported that its alpha prototypes were complete and undergoing testing.[16] Also that month, Rivian revealed its first two products: an electric five-passenger pickup truck and an electric seven-passenger SUV,[7][5][11] provisionally named the A1T and AIC respectively.[17] With both vehicles unveiled at the LA Auto Show in November 2018,[11][8] production is scheduled to begin in 2020[5] with the truck to launch first.[7] Both vehicles were described as ready for rough terrain and semi-autonomous, and the company outlined a plan for its next generation of models to be fully autonomous.[8]

Rivian had 250 employees at the start of 2018.[5] In May 2018, Rivian received $200 million in debt financing from Standard Chartered Bank,[11] bringing total raised funds upwards of $450 million.[7] Other investors at the time included Abdul Latif Jameel.[11][18] As of February 2019, Rivian employs 750 people[2] across facilities in Michigan, Illinois, California, and the United Kingdom. Around 50 of those employees were in Normal, putting Rivian ahead of its local job-creation targets.[19][5]

In February 2019, Amazon announced it would be leading an investment round of $700 million into Rivian. The round included participation from existing shareholders as well.[20] In April 2019, Ford Motor Company invested $500 million.[21]


Electric vehiclesEdit

R1T pickup at the 2018 LA Auto Show
R1S SUV at the 2018 LA Auto Show

In May 2018, Rivian stated that they had dubbed their upcoming truck with the working name A1T and their SUV with the working name A1C.[8] In November 2018, the truck and SUV were renamed the R1T and R1S.[22] Designed to be capable off-road, both models have 14 inches of ground clearance.[8] The truck was claimed in early testing to be able to sprint from 0 to 97 km/h (60 miles per hour) in 2.8 seconds, wade through 1.1 m (3.6 feet) of water and climb a 45%-percent incline.[11] The cars are Level 3 autonomous, and have extra features such as automated trailer backup. According to Engadget, “the most expensive models will reach around 450 miles on a charge and feature the 800HP electric motor Scaringe said would beat Italian supercars.”[8] Rivian has said it is designing the vehicles to facilitate “car-sharing” with their autonomous features.[16]

R1T and R1S Specifications[23]
Battery Pack Size 105 kWh 135 kWh 180 kWh
Power 300 kW (402 hp) 562 kW (754 hp) 522 kW (700 hp)
Torque 560 Nm (413 lb-ft) 1120 Nm (823 lb-ft)
Range (R1T) 370+ km
(230+ mi)
480+ km
(300+ mi)
640+ km
(400+ mi)
Range (R1S) 390+ km
(240+ mi)
500+ km
(310+ mi)
660+ km
(410+ mi)
Top Speed 201 km/h (125 mph)
0–60 mph
4.9 s 3 s 3.2 s

Chassis and batteriesEdit

Because of a shared electric chassis, the R1T and R1S have 91% shared components.[8] The chassis includes braking, suspension, and cooling systems with a battery in the center.[24] Rivian intends to license the electric chassis to other manufacturers as a design base for machinery such as cars and other components.[17][25]


The company currently has four primary locations. Headquarters in Plymouth, Michigan[26] are dedicated to finances, engineering, and design. A facility in Irvine, California focuses on batteries, electrical hardware, and vehicle control software, while a facility in San Jose, California develops self-driving technology and data.[1][5] The firm also has an engineering facility in the United Kingdom.[1] The 2.6-million-square-foot factory in Normal, Illinois[4][3][26] manufactures[1] vehicle components such as battery packs.[11] The Normal plant has a paint shop, robotics, stamping machines, and other production equipment[6][4] such as injection molding.[26]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Rivian".
  2. ^ a b Eisenstein, Robert Ferris, Paul A. (15 February 2019). "Rivian announces $700 million investment round led by Amazon".
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bundle, Matt (5 August 2017). "Rivian quietly brings former Mitsubishi plant back to life". PJ Journal Star. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Prenzler, Christian (6 January 2017). "Mysterious electric vehicle startup, Rivian Automotive closes deal on massive manufacturing facility in Illinois". Teslarati. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ryan Denham (9 January 2018). "Searching for Clues Into Rivian's Electric Vehicle Future". WGIT. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e Ayre, James (25 March 2017). "Rivian Automotive (Stealth EV Startup) Granted $49.5 Million In Tax Credits From Illinois, Governor Announces". Clean Technica. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e Prenzler, Christian (12 December 2017). "Rivian Reveals Strategic Investor and First Vehicles". AdaptBN. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Inside the automotive startup taking EVs off-road". Engadget. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Avera Motors of Rockledge becomes Rivian Automotive". Florida Today. 10 March 2011. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  10. ^ "End Of Shuttle Program Leaves Thousands Jobless". NPR. 11 July 2011. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "This startup is building self-driving trucks and SUVs for futuristic off-road adventures". The Verge. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b c Lambert, Fred (9 January 2017). "An electric vehicle startup comes out of stealth mode and buys shuttered Mitsubishi plant in Illinois". Electrek. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  13. ^ a b c Prenzler, Christian (9 August 2017). "Diving into EV-Startup Rivian's complex history and their clear vision forward". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  14. ^ a b Reed, Robert (15 December 2016). "Who is the mysterious auto startup that wants to bring jobs back to a shuttered Mitsubishi plant in Normal?". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Rivian bids on shuttered Mitsubishi plant in Illinois". 9 December 2016 – via
  16. ^ a b c Denham, Ryan. "Investor Joins Rivian As Electric Automaker Staffs Up".
  17. ^ a b Buedel, Matt. "Rivian in Normal plans November debut for electric off-road vehicles". Journal Star.
  18. ^ Prenzler, Christian (23 May 2018). "Rivian Announces "Half a Billion" in Funding, Including $200M in Debt from London-based Bank". AdaptBN. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  19. ^ Prenzler, Christian (29 June 2018). "Editorial: The Perfect Storm is Creating a Promising Future for Rivian". AdaptBN. AdaptLocal Media, LLC. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  20. ^ Boudette, Neal E. (15 February 2019). "Amazon Invests in Rivian, a Tesla Rival in Electric Vehicles" – via
  21. ^ Lienert, Paul; Ajmera, Ankit (24 April 2019). "Ford Motor puts $500 million into electric pickup producer Rivian". Reuters. US. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  22. ^ "Rivian releases debut video of R1T Electric Adventure Vehicle™". Rivian. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  23. ^ Petroelje, Nate (26 November 2018). "The 2020 Rivian R1T Electric Truck Does 0-60 in 3.0 Seconds With 400 Miles of Range". Road & Track.
  24. ^ Denham, Ryan. "Rivian Reveals 'Skateboard' Chassis At Michigan Conference".
  25. ^ "Pininfarina's PF1 super-SUV to use Rivian tech". Autocar India. 7 December 2018.
  26. ^ a b c Marcus, Frank (19 June 2018). "2020 Rivian Pickup and SUV First Look: Elec-Trucks". MotorTrend. US. Retrieved 20 April 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Rivian Automotive at Wikimedia Commons