The River Nore (Irish: An Fheoir) is one of the principal rivers (along with the River Suir and River Barrow) in the South-East Region of Ireland. The 140-kilometre-long (87 mi) river drains approximately 2,530 square kilometres (977 sq mi) of Leinster and Munster, that encompasses parts of three counties (Tipperary, Laois, Kilkenny). Along with the River Suir and River Barrow, it is one of the constituent rivers of the group known as the Three Sisters.
River Nore in the City of Kilkenny.
Map of the Nore's course
|Etymology||Old Irish: Eoir|
|Native name||An Fheoir (Irish)|
|State||Republic of Ireland|
|Counties||County Tipperary, County Laois, County Kilkenny, County Waterford|
|Source||Devil's Bit Mountain|
|⁃ location||County Tipperary|
|New Ross, County Wexford|
|Length||140 km (87 mi)|
|Basin size||2,595 km2 (1,002 sq mi)|
|⁃ average||42.9 m3/s (1,510 cu ft/s)|
|River system||Three Sisters|
|⁃ left||River Suir|
Starting in the Devil's Bit Mountain, County Tipperary, the river flows generally southeast, and then south, before its confluence with the River Barrow at Ringwood, and the Barrow railway bridge at Drumdowney, County Kilkenny, which empties into the Celtic Sea at Waterford Harbour, Waterford.
The long term average flow rate of the River Nore is 42.9 cubic metres per second (m3/s) The river is home to the only known extant population of the critically endangered Nore freshwater pearl mussel, and much of its length is listed as a Special Area of Conservation.
The Nore rises on the eastern slopes of the Devil's Bit Mountain in the townland of Borrisnoe, County Tipperary. It then flows south-eastwards to County Laois and County Kilkenny before joining the River Barrow just north of New Ross near the Barrow Bridge. The river passes near Durrow, County Laois then through Ballyragget, the city of Kilkenny and then the villages of Bennettsbridge and Thomastown. Further south, it forms a picturesque V-shaped river valley, particularly notable near the village of Inistioge, the tidal limit. Major tributaries of the Nore include the Dinan, the Breagagh at Kilkenny City, the King's River, the Little Arrigle and the Black Water.
List of places along the river.
- Devil's Bit Mountain (begins)
- Durrow, County Laois (near)
List of tributaries
It rises on a sandstone base but the catchment soon turns to limestone and remains so to the sea. The countryside is one of mixed farming, with some tillage, quite a bit of pasture and dairying and some bloodstock. The river has a fairly steep gradient but the flow is checked by innumerable weirs and it is probably true to say that shallow glides are the pre-dominant feature.
In pre-Famine years, many water powered industries existed in the Nore valley, particularly in the ten mile (16 km) stretch between Kilkenny City and Thomastown; breweries, woolen mills, sawmills, marble works, distillaries and grain mills. Flax and linen were also produced just north of Kilkenny City.
Some of these weirs along the river have good playboating qualities. The river is long and mostly flat and dotted with weirs at most of the villages it passes through.
Salmon runs on the river Nore were interrupted in 2005 and 2006 by a flood relief scheme in Kilkenny city carried out by the Office of Public Works. Initially budgeted at €13.1 million, the scheme was delivered at a cost in excess of €48 million and did not contain suitable fish passes. This oversight has since been rectified at additional expense and salmon can now ascend the river upstream of Kilkenny city.
- Ó Cíobháin 2007.
- (Fiontar 2008, An Fheoir/River Nore (river))
- (Environmental Protection Agency 2016, Catchment: Nore, Environmental Protection Agency 2018, Nore Catchment Assessment 2010-2015 (HA 15))
- Irishfisheries River Nore Fishing
- South Eastern River Basin District Management System. Page 38 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
- River Barrow and River Nore (IE0002162). Site Synopsis Archived 2007-12-19 at the Wayback Machine - National Parks and Wildlife Service, Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 (data set) - European Environment Agency.
- "An Fheoir/River Nore". Logainm.ie. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
- Hughes 1863.
- Irish whitewater river guide to the Nore
- "Kilkenny flood costs lead to cuts". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27.
- Environmental Protection Agency (2016). "EPA Catchments".
- Environmental Protection Agency (2018). "Nore Catchment (HA 15)". catchments.ie. Environmental Protection Agency of the Government of Ireland.
- Fiontar (2008). "Placenames Database of Ireland". logainm.ie. Department of Arts, Heritage, Regional Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs of the Government of Ireland.
- Gibb, John S. (2005) , "A tour on the Upper Nore", Facsimile edition of Old Kilkenny Review 1946-51, Issue 1, 2, 3 & 4, Kilkenny: Kilkenny Archaeological Society, pp. 25–30, OCLC 232332372.
- Hughes, William (1863), The geography of British history, Oxford University: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green, p. 22
- Ó Cíobháin, Breandán (2007), "The River Nore - An Fheoir", Old Kilkenny Review 2007, Issue 59, Kilkenny: Kilkenny Archaeological Society, pp. 69–70.
- Ó Drisceoil, Cóilín (2011), River Nore Kilkenny Heritage Audit report vol.1 phase 1
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to River Nore.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1920 Encyclopedia Americana article Nore.|
- "Irishfisheries River Nore Fishing", irishfisheries.com
- "Salmon Ireland, information on the Salmon rivers of Ireland", salmonireland.com, archived from the original on 2011-06-09
- "Nore River Guide (canoeing and kayaking)", irishwhitewater.com
- Song: "Floraline Shore" on IMSLP