River Nore

The River Nore (Irish: An Fheoir)[2] is one of the principal rivers (along with the River Suir and River Barrow) in the South-East Region of Ireland. The 140-kilometre-long (87 mi) river drains approximately 2,530 square kilometres (977 sq mi) of Leinster and Munster,[4][5] that encompasses parts of three counties (Tipperary, Laois, Kilkenny). Along with the River Suir and River Barrow, it is one of the constituent rivers of the group known as the Three Sisters.

River Nore
Kilkenny river.JPG
River Nore in the City of Kilkenny.
Nore River Map.jpg
Map of the Nore's course
EtymologyOld Irish: Eoir[1]
Native nameAn Fheoir[2]  (Irish)
Location
StateRepublic of Ireland
RegionLeinster
CountiesCounty Tipperary, County Laois, County Kilkenny, County Waterford
Physical characteristics
SourceDevil's Bit Mountain
 ⁃ locationCounty Tipperary
MouthRiver Barrow
 ⁃ location
New Ross, County Wexford
Length140 km (87 mi)
Basin size2,595 km2 (1,002 sq mi)[3]
Discharge 
 ⁃ average42.9 m3/s (1,510 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River systemThree Sisters
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftRiver Suir

Starting in the Devil's Bit Mountain, County Tipperary, the river flows generally southeast, and then south, before its confluence with the River Barrow at Ringwood, and the Barrow railway bridge at Drumdowney, County Kilkenny, which empties into the Celtic Sea at Waterford Harbour, Waterford.

The long term average flow rate of the River Nore is 42.9 cubic metres per second (m3/s)[5] The river is home to the only known extant population of the critically endangered Nore freshwater pearl mussel, and much of its length is listed as a Special Area of Conservation.[6]

NameEdit

The river is known in Irish as An Fheoir [ənˠ oːɾʲ], possibly referring to féar, "grass." In 1732, John Loveday spelled it Neor and Neure.[7]

CourseEdit

The Nore rises on the eastern slopes of the Devil's Bit Mountain in the townland of Borrisnoe, County Tipperary. It then flows south-eastwards to County Laois and County Kilkenny before joining the River Barrow just north of New Ross near the Barrow Bridge.[8] The river passes near Durrow, County Laois then through Ballyragget, the city of Kilkenny and then the villages of Bennettsbridge and Thomastown. Further south, it forms a picturesque V-shaped river valley, particularly notable near the village of Inistioge, the tidal limit. Major tributaries of the Nore include the Dinan, the Breagagh at Kilkenny City, the King's River, the Little Arrigle and the Black Water.

List of places along the river.

List of tributaries

  • River Erkina
  • River Dinan (Dinin, Deen)
  • White Horse (Mountrath River)
  • Breagagh
  • King's River
  • Little Arrigle
  • Black Water

GeologyEdit

It rises on a sandstone base but the catchment soon turns to limestone and remains so to the sea. The countryside is one of mixed farming, with some tillage, quite a bit of pasture and dairying and some bloodstock. The river has a fairly steep gradient but the flow is checked by innumerable weirs and it is probably true to say that shallow glides are the pre-dominant feature.[4]

HistoryEdit

 
River Nore at Thomastown in County Kilkenny

In pre-Famine years, many water powered industries existed in the Nore valley, particularly in the ten mile (16 km) stretch between Kilkenny City and Thomastown; breweries, woolen mills, sawmills, marble works, distillaries and grain mills. Flax and linen were also produced just north of Kilkenny City.

RecreationEdit

Kilkenny fishing club has extensive fishing rights on the River Nore and its tributary, the River Dinan. Popular with anglers, it holds brown trout and salmon.[citation needed][4]

Some of these weirs along the river have good playboating qualities. The river is long and mostly flat and dotted with weirs at most of the villages it passes through.[9]

Salmon runs on the river Nore were interrupted in 2005 and 2006 by a flood relief scheme in Kilkenny city carried out by the Office of Public Works. Initially budgeted at €13.1 million, the scheme was delivered at a cost in excess of €48 million[10] and did not contain suitable fish passes. This oversight has since been rectified at additional expense and salmon can now ascend the river upstream of Kilkenny city.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Ó Cíobháin 2007.
  2. ^ a b (Fiontar 2008, An Fheoir/River Nore (river))
  3. ^ (Environmental Protection Agency 2016, Catchment: Nore, Environmental Protection Agency 2018, Nore Catchment Assessment 2010-2015 (HA 15))
  4. ^ a b c Irishfisheries River Nore Fishing
  5. ^ a b South Eastern River Basin District Management System. Page 38 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ River Barrow and River Nore (IE0002162). Site Synopsis Archived 2007-12-19 at the Wayback Machine - National Parks and Wildlife Service, Republic of Ireland. Natura 2000 (data set) - European Environment Agency.
  7. ^ "An Fheoir/River Nore". Logainm.ie. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  8. ^ Hughes 1863.
  9. ^ Irish whitewater river guide to the Nore
  10. ^ "Kilkenny flood costs lead to cuts". Archived from the original on 2011-09-27.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 52°25′N 6°57′W / 52.417°N 6.950°W / 52.417; -6.950