|• location||Bodmin Moor|
|• elevation||298 m (978 ft)|
|• average||4.78 m3/s (169 cu ft/s)|
It rises at Fowey Well (originally Cornish: Fenten Fowi, meaning spring of the river Fowey) about 1 mile (1.6 km) north-west of Brown Willy on Bodmin Moor, not far from one of its tributaries rising at Dozmary Pool and Colliford Lake, passes Lanhydrock House, Restormel Castle and Lostwithiel, then broadens below Milltown before joining the English Channel at Fowey. The estuary is called Uzell (Cornish: Usel, meaning howling place). It is only navigable by larger craft for the last 7 miles (11 km). There is a ferry between Fowey and Bodinnick. The first road crossing going upstream is in Lostwithiel. The river has seven tributaries, the largest being the River Lerryn. The section of the Fowey Valley between Doublebois and Bodmin Parkway railway station is known as the Glynn Valley (Cornish: Glyn, meaning deep wooded valley). The valley is the route of both the A38 trunk road and the railway line (built by the Cornwall Railway in 1859). The railway line is carried on eight stone viaducts along this stretch.
Donyarth (Latin: Doniert), or Dungarth (died 875), was the last-recorded king of Cornwall. He is thought to be the 'Doniert' recorded on an inscription on King Doniert's Stone, a ninth-century cross shaft which stands in St Cleer parish in Cornwall, although he is not given any title in the inscription. According to the Annales Cambriae, he drowned in 875. His death may have been an accident, but it was recorded in Ireland as a punishment for collaboration with the Vikings, who were harrying the West Saxons and briefly occupied Exeter in 876 before being driven out by Alfred the Great. Philip Payton states that one must imagine that he drowned in the River Fowey, near King Doniert's Stone.
The Polbrock Canal, approved by Parliament in the 1790s but never built, would have provided a link between the north and south coasts of Cornwall by joining the River Camel with the Fowey at Bodmin.
Geology and hydrologyEdit
The upper reaches of the Fowey are mainly moorland giving way to woodland and farmland, predominantly livestock. This means that 63.6% of the catchment is grassland, with a further 18.3% woodland and 10.7% arable land. Of the remaining 7.5%, 2.6% is urban or built-up areas, 2.5% is mountain, heath and bog and the remainder is inland waters.
The catchment area of the River Fowey covers a total of 41,800 acres (65.3 sq mi) consisting of kaolinised granite on Bodmin Moor, Devonian slates and grits, and valley gravels. Data collected by the National River Flow Archive shows that average flow at the Restormel monitoring station is 4.78 m3/s (169 cu ft/s) and is affected by the reservoirs at Colliford and Sibleyback and by abstraction of water for public supply.
The former quarry of the Glynn Valley China Clay Works has closed down and is now flooded. It was in operation from the 1940s but since 2015 the site has been used for camping.
Wildlife and conservationEdit
The river runs through two Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), one of which is also part of a national nature reserve (NNR). The Upper Fowey SSSI is a floodplain on the southern slopes of Bodmin Moor and is designated for its wet heath vegetation and herbaceous valley-floor mire communities. Downstream at Golitha Falls, part of the woodland is designated a NNR and is within the Draynes Wood SSSI. At this point the river runs through a gorge and is of particular importance for ″lower plants″ such as liverworts, mosses and lichens. Golitha (pronounced Goleetha) is derived from the Cornish word for obstruction. There is a 1-to-3-mile (1.6 to 4.8 km) riverside walk, from the visitor car park. Golitha Falls is the site of Wheal Victoria copper mine.
The Fowey valley is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty so many hikers, holidaymakers and tourists visit the places of interest and eat freshly caught fish. The river has very pleasant sites and special paths made for hiking and walking along the banks and in the countryside surrounding the towns.
The River Fowey is famous for its sailing because of its natural harbour. In the past it has been visited by up to 7,000 yachts in one season. Almost all sections of the river have been paddled by kayakers and canoeists: from the whitewater sections high up on the moor, all the way down to the estuary. Fowey has an excellent local chandlery.
Many fish can be caught in the River Fowey so many fishermen come to enjoy the excellent fishing conditions.
Fowey to Polruan passenger and cycle ferry – runs year round.
Fowey to Bodinnick Ferry – there has been a ferry crossing the narrows between Fowey and Bodinnick since at least the 14th century. Today there is a vehicle ferry that runs year round between Bodinnick slipway and Caffa Mill slipway in Fowey.
The Fowey to Mevagissey Passenger Ferry – a timetabled summer service leaving Whitehouse Slip. Journey time is around 40 minutes. It provides an alternative route to the Lost Gardens of Heligan, finishing the journey on foot or by taxi.
- Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) Archived 2013-05-15 at the Wayback Machine : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel Archived 2013-05-15 at the Wayback Machine. Cornish Language Partnership.
- Thomas, Charles (1986). Celtic Britain. Ancient Peoples & Places Series. London: Thames & Hudson.
- Stoyle, Mark (2002). West Britons: Cornish Identities and the Early Modern British State. University of Exeter Press. ISBN 0-85989-687-0.
- Payton, Philip (2004). Cornwall: A History (2nd ed.). Fowey: Cornwall Editions Ltd. p. 56. ISBN 1-904880-00-2.
- "Imagined canals". 5 July 2018.
- "Fowey at Restormel: Land use". Natural Environment Research Council. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- "48011 – Fowey at Restormel". Natural Environment Research Council. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Evans, Dixe (2016-07-02) "Ship me to the Cornish moors"; The Guardian, p. 5
- "Upper Fowey SSSI" (PDF). Natural England. 1989. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- "Golitha Falls NNR". Natural England. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- "Draynes Wood SSSI" (PDF). Natural England. 1985. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- "Golitha Falls". Cornwall Council. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- "Wheal Victoria Copper Mine - PhotoFile Cornwall". Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "History of the Old Ferry Inn". The Old Ferry Inn, Bodinnick. The Old Ferry Inn, Bodinnick, Cornwall. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
- "Ferry and Water Taxi services". Fowey Harbour Commissioners. Fowey Harbour Commissioners. 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2019.