River Colne, West Yorkshire

The River Colne /ˈkln/ in West Yorkshire is formed at the confluence of two brooks that originate in the Pennines close to Marsden. It flows in an easterly direction through the Colne Valley and Huddersfield towards Cooper Bridge where it flows into the River Calder.

River Colne
River Colne - geograph.org.uk - 324944.jpg
The River Colne at the bottom of Chapel Hill just outside Huddersfield Town Centre. The mill on the left is Folly Hall Mill built in 1822 by Joseph Kaye.
Location
CountryEngland
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationConfluence of Redbrook Clough and Haigh Clough
 ⁃ coordinates53°36′19″N 1°57′28″W / 53.60528°N 1.95778°W / 53.60528; -1.95778
 ⁃ elevation768 feet (234 m)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
River Calder near Bradley
 ⁃ coordinates
53°40′49″N 1°43′52″W / 53.68028°N 1.73111°W / 53.68028; -1.73111Coordinates: 53°40′49″N 1°43′52″W / 53.68028°N 1.73111°W / 53.68028; -1.73111
Length12 miles (19 km)[1]
Basin size95 square miles (245 km2)

CourseEdit

Brooks formed by rainwater high (between 300 and 480 metres AMSL) in the Pennines of West Yorkshire, flow down the hillsides through the small valleys known locally as cloughs to fill March Haigh and Redbrook Reservoirs. The Haigh Brook and Redbrook continue down the valley fed by more tributaries, until they converge at a scenic spot called Close Gate Bridge where the River Colne is formed.[2]

The river flows from west to east through the Colne Valley passing through Marsden, Slaithwaite and Milnsbridge to Huddersfield and then on to Cooper Bridge where it feeds the larger River Calder.[3]

Its tributaries include Wessenden Brook, Bradley Brook, Crimble Brook, Mag Brook, Fenay Brook, New Mill Dike and the River Holme.[4][5]

HistoryEdit

The Colne Valley was famous for the production of woollen and cotton cloth regarded as some of the finest quality produced anywhere and all due to the soft acidic waters of the River Colne and its brooks running down through the side valleys (cloughs) from the peat moors above.[6]

InfrastructureEdit

The Huddersfield Narrow Canal follows the course of the river through the valley, as does the Huddersfield Line railway, and the A62 road.[7] The river itself is too shallow and rocky to be navigable by any watercraft.

There are numerous factories, warehouses and plants along the river providing goods, services and jobs, but a few of these cause pollution to the local environment and waterways.[8] In order to help tackle pollution, the Environment Agency demand that certain standards be met by local companies.

On 24 May 2010, part of a chemical factory was accidentally set ablaze and caused waste to be emptied into the river and the canal causing the deaths of many fish.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1968). English River Names. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 90. ISBN 9780198691198.
  2. ^ "Colne from Source to Wessenden Brook". environmentdata.org.uk. Environment Agency. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  3. ^ "110" (Map). Sheffield & Huddersfield (C2 ed.). 1:50,000. Landranger. Ordnance Survey. 2004. ISBN 0-319-228-40-1.
  4. ^ "Colne from Eiver Holme to River Calder". environmentdata.org.uk. Environment Agency. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  5. ^ "How Greenstreams has improved Huddersfield's River Colne and many more". Huddersfield Daily Examiner. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  6. ^ Whitwam, Linda (12 July 2013). "Focus on Huddersfield's proud textile heritage". Huddersfield Daily Examiner. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  7. ^ Palmer, Marilin; Neaverson, Peter (1998). "2: Landscapes and Townscapes". Industrial Archaeology; principles and practice (1 ed.). London: Routledge. p. 27. ISBN 0-415-16626-8.
  8. ^ Lavigueur, Nick "Sub Micron Industries Ltd pollution", The Huddersfield Daily Examiner, 12 February 2010.
  9. ^ Casey, Sam "Grosvenor Chemicals apology", The Huddersfield Daily Examiner, 24 May 2010.