Ritthem is a village in the Dutch province of Zeeland. It is located in the municipality of Vlissingen, about 4 kilometres east of the city.

Ritthem
Village
Church of Ritthem
Church of Ritthem
Coat of arms of Ritthem
Ritthem is located in Zeeland
Ritthem
Ritthem
Location in the province of Zeeland in the Netherlands
Ritthem is located in Netherlands
Ritthem
Ritthem
Ritthem (Netherlands)
Coordinates: 51°27′5″N 3°37′34″E / 51.45139°N 3.62611°E / 51.45139; 3.62611Coordinates: 51°27′5″N 3°37′34″E / 51.45139°N 3.62611°E / 51.45139; 3.62611
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceZeeland
MunicipalityVlissingen
Area
 • Total0.31 km2 (0.12 sq mi)
Elevation5.0 m (16.4 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total385
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
4389[1]
Dialing code0118

HistoryEdit

The village was first mentioned in 1235 as Rithem, and means "settlement near reed".[3] Ritthem is an incomplete circular church village which developed in the Middle Ages on a ridge.[4]

The Dutch Reformed church is a single aisled church with a leaning tower from the 14th century. The 16th century nave was damaged in 1572 during the Dutch Revolt and rebuilt in 1611 without a choir.[4]

Ritthem was home to 362 people in 1840.[5] Ritthem was a separate municipality until 1966, when it was merged with Vlissingen.[6]

Fort RammekensEdit

Fort Rammekens was built between 1547 and 1556 by orders of Mary of Hungary to control the Westerschelde (Antwerp) and the former Sloe [nl] (Middelburg). The fort was a near triangular shape. It was modified and extended several times. The last modification was by Napoleon in 1810 who added nine casemates on the seaside. In 1863, it was decommissioned and used as a ammunition depot. During World War II, it was used by the Germans as part of Landfront Vlissingen and the Atlantic Wall. In 1944, the dyke was bombed by the Allies, and filled up with caissons in 1945.[4]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 4389PA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Ritthem - (geografische naam)". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  4. ^ a b c Piet van Cruyningen & Ronald Stenvert (2003). Ritthem (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. ISBN 90 400 8830 6. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  5. ^ "Ritthem". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  6. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2011.