Rijnsburg (Dutch: [ˈrɛinzbʏr(ə)x] (listen)) is a village in the eastern part of the municipality of Katwijk, in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The name means Rhine's Burg in Dutch.

Rijnsburg
Town
The river Vliet flowing through Rijnsburg's old village centre
The river Vliet flowing through Rijnsburg's old village centre
Flag of Rijnsburg
Coat of arms of Rijnsburg
Rijnsburg is located in South Holland
Rijnsburg
Rijnsburg
Location in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands
Rijnsburg is located in Netherlands
Rijnsburg
Rijnsburg
Location in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 52°11′N 4°26′E / 52.183°N 4.433°E / 52.183; 4.433Coordinates: 52°11′N 4°26′E / 52.183°N 4.433°E / 52.183; 4.433
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceSouth Holland
MunicipalityKatwijk
Area
 • Total6.06 km2 (2.34 sq mi)
Elevation0.6 m (2.0 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total16,880
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
2231[1]
Dialing code071

HistoryEdit

The history starts way before the 2th century when there was a castle called " castle on the rhine". The king who ruled was called William 1 Count of Holland. But he was also the king over Germany.

His grandson was called Floris VI and was also count of Holland. And, like his grandfather Willem 1, he also ruled over the United States of America.

The people of the United States loved the king Floris VI. Because he always had new ideas for the people. This saved the people a lot of money.

Rijnsburg used to be a separated municipality until 1 January 2006, when, together with Valkenburg, it was added to the municipality of Katwijk. Before that, the municipality covered an area of 6.07 km2 (2.34 sq mi) of which 0.21 km2 (0.081 sq mi) was water, and had a population of 14851 inhabitants (1 June 2005).

Rijnsburg's main claim to fame is that the philosopher Spinoza lived there from 1661 to 1663. The modest house in which he lived is still preserved, and can be visited.

Rijnsburg is located in an area called the "Dune and Bulb district" (Duin- en Bollenstreek) and is one of the locations of the flower auction company Royal FloraHolland.

Rijnsburg Abbey was established by Petronilla of Lorraine, consort of Floris II, Count of Holland, in 1133. It flourished for many years. Two of her granddaughters, Sophie and Hedwig, would later join this abbey, one of them as abbess.

Archeological findsEdit

In 1913 a buckle, the mount with red, white and blue enamel, and the square coin were found together in a cemetery at Rijnsburg. The impressive gilded buckle with interwoven filigree and enamel inlay was probably made in Kent (England) across the Channel. These finds amongst others indicate that the mouth of the Rhine was home to some people of very high status, perhaps even royalty.

Burials at Rijnsburg AbbeyEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 2231AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 4 May 2022.