Rijnsburg (Dutch: [ˈrɛinzbʏr(ə)x] (listen)) is a village in the eastern part of the municipality of Katwijk, in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The name means Rhine's Burg in Dutch.
|• Total||6.06 km2 (2.34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||0.6 m (2.0 ft)|
|• Density||2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The history starts way before the 2th century when there was a castle called " castle on the rhine". The king who ruled was called William 1 Count of Holland. But he was also the king over Germany.
His grandson was called Floris VI and was also count of Holland. And, like his grandfather Willem 1, he also ruled over the United States of America.
The people of the United States loved the king Floris VI. Because he always had new ideas for the people. This saved the people a lot of money.
Rijnsburg used to be a separated municipality until 1 January 2006, when, together with Valkenburg, it was added to the municipality of Katwijk. Before that, the municipality covered an area of 6.07 km2 (2.34 sq mi) of which 0.21 km2 (0.081 sq mi) was water, and had a population of 14851 inhabitants (1 June 2005).
Rijnsburg's main claim to fame is that the philosopher Spinoza lived there from 1661 to 1663. The modest house in which he lived is still preserved, and can be visited.
Rijnsburg Abbey was established by Petronilla of Lorraine, consort of Floris II, Count of Holland, in 1133. It flourished for many years. Two of her granddaughters, Sophie and Hedwig, would later join this abbey, one of them as abbess.
In 1913 a buckle, the mount with red, white and blue enamel, and the square coin were found together in a cemetery at Rijnsburg. The impressive gilded buckle with interwoven filigree and enamel inlay was probably made in Kent (England) across the Channel. These finds amongst others indicate that the mouth of the Rhine was home to some people of very high status, perhaps even royalty.