Richmond County, Nova Scotia

Richmond County is an historical county and census division of Nova Scotia, Canada. Local government is provided by the Municipality of the County of Richmond.

Richmond County
Comté de Richmond  (French)
Siorramachd Richmond  (Scottish Gaelic)
Official seal of Richmond County
Location of Richmond County, Nova Scotia
Location of Richmond County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°42′N 60°48′W / 45.7°N 60.8°W / 45.7; -60.8Coordinates: 45°42′N 60°48′W / 45.7°N 60.8°W / 45.7; -60.8
CountryCanada
ProvinceNova Scotia
Established1835
Incorporated            1879
Electoral Districts      
Federal

Cape Breton—Canso
ProvincialCape Breton-Richmond
Government
 • TypeMunicipality of the County of Richmond
 • WardenJason MacLean[1]
Area
 • Land1,249.33 km2 (482.37 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[2][3]
 • Total8,964
 • Density7.2/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Change 2011-16
Decrease3.5%
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code(s)902
Dwellings5,122
Median Income*$40,188 CDN
Websitewww.richmondcounty.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

HistoryEdit

Named in honour of Sir Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond, who was Governor General of British North America 1818-1819, Richmond County was created in 1835.

Richmond County comprises that territory known as the Southern District which was established in 1824 at the time of the dividing of Cape Breton Island into three districts. The boundaries of the Southern District were defined at the time of its establishment. Those same boundaries were determined to be the boundaries of Richmond County by statute in 1847.

The main centre is Arichat, located on Isle Madame.

CommunitiesEdit

Villages
Reserves
County municipality and county subdivisions

Access routesEdit

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[4]

DemographicsEdit

As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Richmond County had a population of 8,914 living in 4,100 of its 5,230 total private dwellings, a change of -0.6% from its 2016 population of 8,964. With a land area of 1,246.08 km2 (481.11 sq mi), it had a population density of 7.2/km2 (18.5/sq mi) in 2021.[5]

Forming the majority of the Richmond County census division, the Municipality of the County of Richmond, including its Subdivisions A, B, and C, had a population of 8,509 living in 3,961 of its 5,083 total private dwellings, a change of 0.6% from its 2016 population of 8,458. With a land area of 1,240.46 km2 (478.94 sq mi), it had a population density of 6.9/km2 (17.8/sq mi) in 2021.[6]

Population trend[7][8]
Census Population Change (%)
2016 8,964  3.5%
2011 9,293  4.6%
2006 9,740  4.7%
2001 10,225  7.2%
1996 11,022  2.1%
1991 11,260  5.2%
1986 11,841  8.3%
1981 12,824 N/A
1941 10,853
1931 11,098
1921 12,464
1911 13,273
1901 13,515
1891 14,399
1881 15,121
1871 14,268 N/A
Mother tongue language (2011)[9]
Language Population Pct (%)
English only 6,620 72.19%
French only 2,085 22.74%
Non-official languages 285 3.11%
Multiple responses 180 1.96%
Ethnic Origins (2006)[10]
Ethnic Origin Population Pct (%)
French 4,895 50.8%
Canadian 3,920 40.7%
Scottish 2,310 24.0%
English 2,060 21.4%
Irish 1,590 16.5%
Acadian 710 7.4%
North American Indian 685 7.1%
German 440 4.6%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "MacLean chosen as new warden of Richmond County". Cape Breton Post. 24 October 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Richmond County, Nova Scotia
  3. ^ Statistics Canada Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data
  4. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7 Pages 56-58, 73
  5. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  6. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nova Scotia". Statistics Canada. 9 February 2022. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  7. ^ Censuses 1871-1941
  8. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  9. ^ Statistics Canada: 2011 census
  10. ^ 2006 Statistics Canada Census Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada: Richmond County, Nova Scotia

External linksEdit