Sir Richard Winfrey (5 August 1858 – 18 April 1944) was a British Liberal politician, newspaper publisher and campaigner for agricultural rights. He served as Member of Parliament for South West Norfolk, 1906–1923, and for Gainsborough, 1923–1924.
Winfrey was born at Long Sutton in Lincolnshire on 5 August 1858. He married Annie Lucy Pattinson of Ruskington, Lincolnshire, in 1897. His wife's brothers, Samuel Pattinson (1870–1942) and Sir Robert Pattinson (1872–1954), were later both Liberal MPs; Samuel for Horncastle from 1922 to 1924 and Robert for Grantham from 1922 to 1923. In religion Winfrey was a Congregationalist.
In 1887, Richard Winfrey purchased the Spalding Guardian, a local newspaper that was to provide the basis for the Winfrey family's newspaper interests. His next purchase was the Lynn News; he also started the North Cambs Echo and bought the Peterborough Advertiser.
During World War II Winfrey's newspaper interests began to be passed over to his son, Richard Pattinson Winfrey (1902–1985) who had himself unsuccessfully stood in the Holland with Boston by-election in 1924. In 1947, under the direction of Pat Winfrey, the family's newspaper titles were consolidated to form the East Midland Allied Press, later the EMAP media group.
Winfrey first contested South West Norfolk as a Liberal at the general election of 1895
|Conservative||Thomas Leigh Hare||3,968||51.3|
and tried again in 1900.
|Conservative||Thomas Leigh Hare||3,702||50.4||-0.9|
He was elected Liberal MP for South West Norfolk at the 1906 Liberal landslide election
|Conservative||Sir Thomas Leigh Hare||3,513||44.3||-6.1|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.1|
and he held the seat
|Conservative||Sir Thomas Leigh Hare||4,000||48.5||+4.2|
|Conservative||Albert Edward Stanley Clarke||3,745||47.3||-1.2|
with the help of the Coalition Government coupon
|Liberal||Sir Richard Winfrey||10,432||54.7||n/a|
|Labour||William Benjamin Taylor||8,655||45.3||n/a|
|Liberal||Sir Richard Winfrey||9,694||47.1|
|Unionist||John Elsdale Molson||7,841||38.1|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing|
|Labour||F. J. Knowles||5,958||27.3||+12.5|
|Liberal||Sir Richard Winfrey||5,590||25.6||-21.5|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.0|
His first career had been as a chemist, and he steered the Poisons and Pharmacy Act 1908 through Parliament.
Winfrey was knighted in the 1914 New Year's Honours. He also served as a Justice of the Peace. He was Chairman of the Lincolnshire and Norfolk Small Holdings Association, Ltd and sometime Chairman of the National Educational Association. At its foundation in 1906 he was Treasurer of the Eastern Counties Agricultural Labourers & Small Holders Union which in 1920 became the National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers.
- Northamptonshire Past and Present, Northamptonshire Record Society, 1992, p. 317.
- Stephen Koss, Nonconformity in Modern British Politics; Archon Books, 1975, p. 135.
- The Times, 23 September 1985.
- EMAP plc - Company History.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig).
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Part 2: 'Fen men to the marrow' who have served us down through the years - Peterborough Today
- Who was Who, OUP 2007.
- The Liberal Year Book, National Liberal Federation, Liberal Central Association (Great Britain); Liberal Publication Dept., 1933, p. 21.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Richard Winfrey
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Thomas Leigh Hare
| Member of Parliament for South West Norfolk
John Elsdale Molson
| Member of Parliament for Gainsborough
The Duke of Marlborough
The Viscount Goschen
| Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the
Board of Agriculture and Fisheries
With: The Lord Clinton
Sir Arthur Griffith-Boscawen