Richard Nelson (playwright)
Richard John Nelson (born October 17, 1950) is an American playwright and librettist. He wrote the books for the Tony Award-winning musicals James Joyce's The Dead, the Broadway version of Chess, as well as the critically acclaimed play cycle The Apple Family Plays.
|Born||Richard John Nelson|
October 17, 1950
|Notable awards||Obie Award, Rockefeller Playwright-in-Residence Award, Giles Cooper Award, Tony Award, Olivier Award, Drama Desk Award, PEN/Laura Pels Award|
|Spouse||Cynthia Blair Bacon (m. 1972)|
Nelson was born in Chicago, Illinois to Viola, a dancer, and Richard Finis Nelson, an accounting-systems analyst and some times sales representative. During Nelson's childhood, the family moved frequently to accommodate his father's work, but they settled for long stretches in Gary, Indiana, the outskirts of Philadelphia, and finally in a suburb of Detroit. Nelson's earliest theatrical influences were in musical theatre, and he estimates that he saw more than twenty-five musicals before ever seeing his first straight play.
He married Cynthia Blair Bacon on May 21, 1972; they have two children, Zoe (b. 1983) and Jocelyn (b. 1988).
He has worked with the Royal Shakespeare Company, and had ten plays produced there. Those plays include: Principia Scriptoriae (1986), Some Americans Abroad (1989), Two Shakespearean Actors (1990), Columbus and the Discovery of Japan (1992), Misha's Party (1993), New England (1994), The General From America (1996) and Goodnight Children Everywhere (1997).
in November 2006, Frank's Home, about two days in the life of Frank Lloyd Wright, premiered in Chicago, Nelson's home town, at the Goodman Theatre (in association with Playwrights Horizons). In an interview in The Brooklyn Rail at the time of its New York debut, Nelson offers advice to young writers: "My advice is always to write, to write what really matters. I ask my students two questions: Why did you write it? And should I watch it? People ask about structure, form, character development, and I’m not even sure what all of that means. Try not to second guess yourself. Form will come if you focus on what you want to say with truth and honesty. Structure is the hand that holds up what you want to say." From 2005-2008, Nelson was the chair of the playwriting department at the Yale School of Drama.
The Apple Family playsEdit
From 2010 to 2013, Nelson wrote and directed four plays centered around the Apple Family, a fictional household set in Rhinebeck, New York with each play focused on either an election or a significant historical anniversary. The main characters are three adult sisters, Barbara, Marian and Jane — called a "Chekhovian family pod" by the Variety reviewer.
The first play in the series, That Hopey Changey Thing focused on the 2010 midterm elections, and opened on election night, November 2, 2010. The second play, Sweet and Sad (2011) depicts the family on the tenth anniversary of the September 11 attacks. The third play, Sorry opened on November 6, 2012, and takes place during the 2012 presidential election. The final play, Regular Singing (2013) is set on the 50th anniversary of the JFK assassination. Each play debuted Off-Broadway at The Public Theater, featuring essentially the same cast members in each subsequent production. With the opening of the final play, Regular Singing in 2013, the Public Theater presented the entire series in repertory.
The cast of That Hopey Changey Thing, Sweet and Sad, and Sorry featured Jon DeVries as Benjamin Apple; Maryann Plunkett as Barbara Apple, Jay O. Sanders as Richard Apple, Shuler Hensley as Tim Andrews, Laila Robins as Marian Apple Platt and J. Smith-Cameron as Jane Apple Halls. The cast of Regular Singing included the first three casts with the exceptions of Steven Kunken as Tim Andrews and Sally Murphy as Jane Apple.
Nelson has written a new trilogy, titled The Gabriels: Election Year in the Life of One Family, focusing on the Gabriel family during the 2016 presidential election year. The same cast appears in all three plays: Meg Gibson (Karin Gabriel), Lynn Hawley (Hannah Gabriel), Roberta Maxwell (Patricia Gabriel), Maryann Plunkett (Mary Gabriel), Jay O. Sanders (George Gabriel), and Amy Warren (Joyce Gabriel). The first play Hungry opened Off-Broadway at the Public Theatre on February 27, 2016 (previews), and officially on March 4, directed by Nelson. The next play in the trilogy, What Did You Expect?, opened on September 10, 2016, in previews, officially on September 16 and closed on October 9. The final play, Women of a Certain Age, opened on election night, November 8, 2016. and ran to December 4. The three plays will run in repertory December 10 to 18.
Hungry is set in Dutchess County, New York. The family of the recently deceased Thomas Gabriel are in the kitchen to prepare dinner. The group includes Thomas' widow, Mary; his sister, Joyce; his brother George and his wife Hannah; his senior mother Patricia; and his first wife Karin. For dinner, the group peels apples for apple crisp and makes ratatouille and pasta. Referring to the political campaign, one character says: "God, it's going to be a long eight months." What Did You Expect?, also set in Rhinebeck, takes place six months after Hungry. Patricia has taken a roommate at her retirement community, and her debts are the focus of the play. The family prepares for a picnic as they deal with their "fears of the post-recession world."  In Women of a Certain Age, set between 5 pm and 7 pm on election night, the Gabriels have gathered for dinner. George has picked up their son from college to vote and has driven him back. Joyce is at home and Patricia has also joined the group. The play ends without revealing the winner of the election. Ben Brantley wrote: "Far more than in any of his other plays, Mr. Nelson comes close here to capturing the elusive, expansive comic sadness we associate with his beloved Chekhov. That Chekhovian sense of time fading even as we inhabit it thrums through both the talk and the silences."
The Gabriels played an engagement at the Kennedy Center (Washington, DC) in January 2017 and then played at The Perth International Arts Festival (Australia) in February 11-18, and the Hong Kong Arts Festival in February 22- 26. The original cast performed.
Awards and honorsEdit
- Thomas J. Watson Fellowship
- Rockefeller Foundation Playwright-in-Residence Award, Arena Stage (1979–80)
- PEN/Laura Pels International Foundation for Theater Award, Drama, Master American Dramatist (2008)
- Obie Award for Playwriting, The Vienna Notes (1979)
- Obie Award for Innovative Programming (with David Jones), Brooklyn Academy of Music Theater Company (1979)
- Giles Cooper Award for plays written for BBC Radio, Languages Spoken Here (1987)
- Giles Cooper Award for plays written for BBC Radio, Eating Words (1989)
- Drama Desk Award, Outstanding New Play for Some Americans Abroad (1990)
- Tony Award Nomination for Best New Play, Two Shakespearean Actors (1992)
- Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical, James Joyce's The Dead (2000)
- Tony Award Nomination for Best Musical and Best Original Score, James Joyce's The Dead (2000)
- Drama Desk Award Outstanding New Play Nomination, Franny's Way (2002)
- Drama Desk Award Outstanding Play Nomination, Sorry (2013)
- Drama Desk Award Outstanding Play Nomination, Regular Singing (2014)
- The Killing of Yablonski, Los Angeles, Mark Taper Forum/Lab, 1975
- Conjuring an Event, Los Angeles, Mark Taper Forum/ Lab, 1976
- Scooping, Washington, D.C., Arena Stage, February 4, 1977
- Jungle Coup, New York, Playwrights Horizons, June 22, 1978
- The Vienna Notes, Minneapolis, Minn., The Tyrone Guthrie Theater, October 6, 1978
- Bal, Williamstown, Mass., Williamstown Theatre Festival, July 1979
- Rip Van Winkle, or The Works, New Haven, Conn., Yale Repertory Theatre, December 4, 1981
- The Return of Pinocchio, Seattle, Washington, Empty Space, March 1983
- An American Comedy, Los Angeles, Mark Taper Forum, October 13, 1983
- Between East and West, Seattle, Wash., Seattle Repertory Theatre, March 23, 1984
- Principia Scriptoriae, New York, Manhattan Theatre Club, March 25, 1986
- Chess (bookwriter), New York, Imperial Theatre, April 28, 1988
- Roots in Water, Woodstock, N.Y., River Arts Repertory, Summer 1988
- Some Americans Abroad, Stratford-upon-Avon, Royal Shakespeare Company, July 19, 1989
- Two Shakespearean Actors, Stratford-upon-Avon, Royal Shakespeare Company, 1990
- Columbus and the Discovery of Japan, London, Royal Shakespeare Company, July 22, 1992
- Misha's Party, (with Alexander Gelman), London, Royal Shakespeare Company, July 21, 1993
- Life Sentences, New York, Second Stage Theatre, December 1, 1993
- New England, London, Royal Shakespeare Company, November 29, 1994
- Three Sisters (adaptation of Anton Chekhov), Goodman Theatre, 1995
- The General from America, Stratford-upon-Avon, Royal Shakespeare Company, July 17, 1996
- Kenneth's Play, (with Colin Chambers), London, Royal Shakespeare Company, 1997
- Goodnight Children Everywhere, Stratford-upon-Avon, Royal Shakespeare Company, December 11, 1997
- James Joyce's The Dead, (with Shaun Davey), New York, Playwrights Horizons, October 28, 1999
- Madame Melville, London, Vaudeville Theatre, October 18, 2000
- Franny's Way, New York, Playwrights Horizons, March 27, 2002
- My Life with Albertine, New York, Playwrights Horizons, March 13, 2003
- Rodney's Wife, Williamstown, Mass., Williamstown Theatre Festival, July 7, 2004
- The Seagull (adaption of Anton Chekhov)
- The Suicide (adaption of Nikolai Erdman)
- The Wood Demon (adaptation of Anton Chekhov)
- Frank's Home, Goodman Theatre, December 2006
- Conversations in Tusculum, The Public Theatre, March 2008
- That Hopey Changey Thing, The Public Theatre, November 2010
- Sweet and Sad, The Public Theatre, September 2011
- Sorry, The Public Theatre, November 2012
- Nikolai and the Others, Lincoln Center Theater, May 2013
- Regular Singing, The Public Theatre, November 2013
- Hungry, The Public Theatre, March 2016 (Part 1 of The Gabriels)
- What Did You Expect?, The Public Theatre, September 2016 (Part 2 of The Gabriels)
- Women of a Certain Age, The Public Theatre, November 2016 (Part 3 of The Gabriels)
- Illyria, The Public Theatre, October 2017
- Uncle Vanya (adaption of Anton Chekhov, with Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky), Old Globe Theater  and the Hunter Theater Project, New York City, September 2018
Nelson's plays are published by Broadway Play Publishing Inc., Faber, & T C G.
- Languages Spoken Here, BBC Radio 3, 11 December 1987
- Eating Words, BBC Radio 4, 30 October 1989
- Advice to Eastern Europe, BBC Radio 3, 27 December 1990
- The American Wife, BBC Radio 4, 25 January 1996
- Hyde Park-on-Hudson, BBC Radio 3, 7 June 2009
- Sensibility and Sense, television, American Playhouse, PBS, 1990
- The End of a Sentence, television, American Playhouse, PBS, 1991
- Ethan Frome, film, adapted from the novel by Edith Wharton, 1993; PBS American Playhouse, 1994
- Roots in Water, 2011
- Hyde Park on Hudson, film, Daybreak Pictures, 2012
- Rich, Frank (29 April 1988). "In Trevor Nunn's Musical 'Chess', East Faces West Across a Board". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
- "Richard Nelson Biography (1950-)". FilmReference.com. Retrieved 25 April 2013. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- John L. DiGaetani, ed. (1991). A Search for a Postmodern Theater: Interviews with Contemporary Playwrights. New York: Greenwood Press. pp. 237–44. ISBN 0313273642.
- "Tony Award-Winning Playwright Richard Nelson to Lecture at Hamilton College" February 21, 2004
- "'Two Shakespearean Actors' Listing" shakespearebirthplacetrust, accessed March 4, 2016
- "'Misha's Party' Listing" theatricalia.com, accessed March 4, 2016
- Herman, Jan. "A Big Problem : Playwright Richard Nelson, Whose Latest Work Is at SCR, Tends to Pen Unaffordable, Large-Scale Works" Los Angeles Times, May 6, 1996
- Jones, Kenneth. "PLAYBILL ON-LINE'S BRIEF ENCOUNTER with Richard Nelson" Playbill, December 3, 2002
- "'Goodnight Children Everywhere' 1997" shakespearebirthplacetrust, accessed March 4, 2016
- "Richard Nelson" goodmantheatre.org, accessed March 4, 2016
- Frank's Home goodmantheatre.org, accessed April 13, 2016
- Pippa, Cristina (February 2007). "Wrighting Home with Richard Nelson". The Brooklyn Rail.
- Hernandez, Ernio (4 March 2005). "Richard Nelson Appointed New Playwriting Department Chair at Yale School of Drama". Playbill.com. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- Stasio, Marilyn. "Review: ‘Sweet and Sad’" Variety, September 14, 2011
- Sommer, Elyse. "A CurtainUp Review. 'That Hopey Changey Thing' "' CurtainUp, November 2, 2010
- Brantley, Ben. "When Uncles (Ben, Sam) Need Help" The New York Times, November 8, 2012
- Healy, Patrick (6 November 2013). "Hudson Valley Town Is A Playwright's Home and Template". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
- Hetrick, Adam. "Richard Nelson's Four-Play Series, 'The Apple Family Plays', Begins in Repertory at the Public Oct. 22" Playbill, October 22, 2013
- " That Hopey Changey Thing 2010" lortel.org, accessed April 13, 2016
- "Regular Singing 2013" lortel.org, accessed April 13, 2016
- Rickwald, Bethany. "In Rehearsal for Richard Nelson's Hungry at the Public" TheaterMania.com, February 18, 2016
- Clement, Olivia. Richard Nelson Returns to The Public Tonight With Part Two of His Election Trilogy" Playbill, September 10, 2016
- Gordon, David. "Review. 'What Did You Expect?'" TheaterMania.com, September 19, 2016
- Clement, Olivia. "Richard Nelson's Election Trilogy Opens Tonight" Playbill, March 4, 2016
- Clement, Olivia. "Public Theater Opens Third and Final Play of 'The Gabriels' Tonight" Playbill, November 8, 2016
- Women of a Certain Age lortel.org, accessed November 9, 2016
- Clement, Olivia. "The Public’s Election Trilogy to Tour D.C., Hong Kong, and Australia" Playbill, November 10, 2016
- Scheck, Frank. "Review. 'Hungry'" The Hollywood Reporter, March 5, 2016
- Paulson, Michael. "His Play Is Set on Election Night. He Still Hasn’t Finished It." The New York Times, November 8, 2016
- Brantley, Ben. "Review: Election Night With the Gabriels, a Play in Real Time", The New York Times, November 9, 2016
- " 'The Gabriels' Trilogy: Full-Day Marathon" kennedy-center.org, retrieved January 8, 2018
- "Richard Nelson" pen.org, accessed March 4, 2016
- The Vienna Notes lortel.org, accessed March 4, 2016
- Oxman, Steven. "Review: ‘Frank’s Home’" Variety, December 6, 2006
- Bacalzo, Dan. [http://www.theatermania.com/new-york-city-theater/reviews/03-2008/conversations-in-tusculum_13109.html "Review. 'Conversations in Tusculum' "] theatermania.com, March 11, 2008
- Clement, Olivia. "Richard Nelson’s 'Illyria' Opens Off-Broadway" Playbill, October 30, 2017
- Hebert, James (7 February 2018). "With fresh look at 'Uncle Vanya,' Old Globe bringing something new to the conversation". San Diego Union Tribune. Retrieved 18 February 2018.
- Clement, Olivia. "Richard Nelson's 'Uncle Vany'a Begins at the Hunter Theater Project September 7" Playbill, September 7, 2018
- Sensibility and Sense tcm.com, retrieved October 31, 2017
- The End of a Sentence tcm.com, retrieved October 31, 2017
- Ethan Frome tcm.com, retrieved October 31, 2017
- Andreach, Robert J. (1995). "Creating a Self, Personal and National, in Richard Nelson's Trilogy". University of Mississippi Studies in English: 329–343.
- Berc, Shelley; Rick Davis; Joel Schechter (1982). "Rip Van Winkle Our Contemporary: An Interview with Richard Nelson". Theater. 13 (2): 4–8. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- Brown, Blair (2000). "The Tapestry of Living". American Theatre. 17 (September): 50.
- Gholson, Craig (1990). "Richard Nelson". BOMB. 32: 46–49.