Richard N. Haass

Richard Nathan Haass (born July 28, 1951) is an American diplomat. He has been president of the Council on Foreign Relations since July 2003, prior to which he was Director of Policy Planning for the United States Department of State and a close advisor to Secretary of State Colin Powell.

Richard N. Haass
Richard Haass (cropped).jpg
United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland
In office
February 6, 2001 – June 20, 2003
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byGeorge Mitchell
Succeeded byMitchell Reiss
Director of Policy Planning
In office
February 6, 2001 – June 20, 2003
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byMorton Halperin
Succeeded byMitchell Reiss
Personal details
Born
Richard Nathan Haass

(1951-07-28) July 28, 1951 (age 68)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyRepublican[1]
Spouse(s)Susan Mercandetti (1990–present)
Children2
EducationOberlin College (BA)
Wadham College, Oxford (MPhil)
St Antony's College, Oxford (DPhil)
AwardsPresidential Citizens Medal
Secretary's Distinguished Service Award
Tipperary International Peace Award

The Senate approved Haass as a candidate for the position of ambassador and he has been U.S. Coordinator for the Future of Afghanistan. He succeeded George J. Mitchell as the United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland to help the peace process in Northern Ireland, for which he received the State Department's Distinguished Service Award.

At the end of 2003, Mitchell Reiss succeeded him as special envoy. In late 2013, Haass returned to Northern Ireland to chair inter-party talks aimed at addressing some of the unresolved issues from the peace process such as parades, flags and "the past".[2]

Early life and educationEdit

Haass was born to a Jewish family in Brooklyn, the son of Marcella (née Rosenthal) and Irving B. Haass.[3][4] His father was a securities analyst and partner at investment manager David J. Greene & Co.[4] He completed a bachelor's degree at Oberlin College in 1973, and was a Rhodes scholar at Oxford University, where he completed a master's degree and doctorate degree in 1978.[5]

CareerEdit

Haass served at the Department of Defense from 1979 to 1980, and at the Department of State from 1981 to 1985. From 1989 to 1993, he was Special Assistant to United States President George H. W. Bush and National Security Council Senior Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs. In 1991, Haass received the Presidential Citizens Medal for helping to develop and explain U.S. policy during Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm.

Richard Haass worked for Secretary of State Colin Powell in the Bush administration and was Director of Policy Planning for the US State Department from 2001 to 2003 during the lead-up to the Iraq war. Haass has said he was 60 percent against the Iraq war.[6]

Haass's other postings include Vice President and Director of Foreign Policy Studies at the Brookings Institution, the Sol M. Linowitz Visiting Professor of International Studies at Hamilton College, a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a Lecturer in Public Policy at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government, and a research associate at the International Institute for Strategic Studies.[7]

Throughout the 2008 presidential campaign, Haass advised several members of both the Republican Party and Democratic Party on issues regarding foreign policy, but did not publicly endorse a candidate due to the Council on Foreign Relations' non-partisan stance.[8]

In September 2013, Haass returned to Northern Ireland, with Professor Meghan O'Sullivan, to chair all party talks on flags, parades and the legacy of the Troubles, after violence flared over the removal of the union flag at Belfast City Hall. The talks broke down on December 31, 2013.[2]

Foreign policy viewsEdit

In a May 2015 interview with BBC's HARDtalk, speaking as President of the Council on Foreign Relations, Haass predicted a new era in world history, in part due to the muting of U.S. dominance by the more diffuse power wielded by states and non-state entities as a result of the proliferation of nuclear arms and cyberterrorism, and several policy failures, which may bring about an "era of disorder" in the absence of any clear superpower.[9]

On October 4, 2017, Haass called for U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson to resign.[10]

Personal lifeEdit

Haass lives in New York City with his wife, Susan Mercandetti,[11] and two children.

BibliographyEdit

Haass is the author or editor of thirteen books on American foreign policy and one book on management.

Books authored

  • The World: A Brief Introduction (forthcoming)
  • A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order. Penguin Press, 2017. ISBN 978-0399562365
  • Foreign Policy Begins at Home: The Case for Putting America's House in Order. Basic Books, 2014. ISBN 978-0465071999
  • War of Necessity, War of Choice: A Memoir of Two Iraq Wars. Simon & Schuster, 2010. ISBN 978-1416549031
  • Restoring the Balance: A Middle East Strategy for the Next President. Co-authored with Martin Indyk. Brookings Institution Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0815738695
  • The Opportunity. PublicAffairs, 2006. ISBN 978-1586484538
  • Intervention: The Use of American Military Force in the Post-Cold War World. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1999. ISBN 978-0870031359
  • The Bureaucratic Entrepreneur: How to Be Effective in Any Unruly Organization. Brookings Institution Press, 1999. ISBN 978-0815733539
  • Economic Sanctions and American Diplomacy. Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1998. ISBN 978-0876092125
  • The Reluctant Sheriff: The United States After the Cold War. Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0876091982
  • The Power to Persuade. Houghton Mifflin, 1994. ISBN 978-0395675854
  • Conflicts Unending: The United States and Regional Disputes. Yale University Press, 1990. ISBN 978-0300045550

Books edited

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Drezner, Daniel W. (December 16, 2015). "A politically incorrect take on the GOP foreign policy debate". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Haass Talks". BBC News. January 7, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  3. ^ The Reluctant Sheriff: The United States After the Cold War - Richard Haass - Google Books. Books.google.ca. 1997. ISBN 9780876091982. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
  4. ^ a b Published: November 09, 1999 (1999-11-09). "Paid Notice: Deaths HAASS, IRVING B. - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
  5. ^ Published: November 18, 1990 (1990-11-18). "Richard Haass, Assistant to President, Weds Ms. Mercandetti, TV Producer". nytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-08-15.
  6. ^ "Richard Haass: 'I Did Not Believe In The Iraq War'". NPR.org.
  7. ^ "Richard N. Haass biography". council on foreign relations.org. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
  8. ^ "Richard N. Haass - Council on Foreign Relations".
  9. ^ Montague, Sarah (4 May 2015). "President of the Council on Foreign Relations - Dr Richard Haass". BBC. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  10. ^ Manchester, Julia (October 4, 2017). "Council on Foreign Relations president calls for Tillerson to resign". The Hill.
  11. ^ Published: November 18, 1990 (1990-11-18). "Richard Haass, Assistant to President, Weds Ms. Mercandetti, TV Producer - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-01-08.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Morton Halperin
Director of Policy Planning
2001–2003
Succeeded by
Mitchell Reiss
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
George J. Mitchell
United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland
2001–2003
Succeeded by
Mitchell Reiss