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Richard Long (artist)

Sir Richard Julian Long, CBE, RA (born 2 June 1945) is an English sculptor and one of the best known British land artists.

Sir Richard Long

Richard Long - Kleve 31 april 2013 PM.jpg
Richard Long (2013)
Richard Julian Long[1]

(1945-06-02) 2 June 1945 (age 74)
Bristol, England
EducationSaint Martin's School of Art
Known forSculpture
MovementLand Art
AwardsTurner Prize (1989)

Long is the only artist to have been short-listed four times for the Turner Prize. He was nominated in 1984, 1987 and 1988, and then won the award in 1989 for White Water Line.[2] He lives and works in Bristol, the city in which he was born.[3]

Long studied at Saint Martin's School of Art before going on to create work using various media including sculpture, photography and text. His work is on permanent display in Britain at the Tate and Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery as well as galleries in America, Switzerland and Australia.

Early life and educationEdit

Long was born in Bristol, in south-west England. Between 1962 and 1965 he studied at the West of England College of Art, and then, from 1966 to 1968, at Saint Martin's School of Art in London,[4] where he studied under Anthony Caro and Phillip King and became closely associated with fellow student Hamish Fulton.[5]


Several of his works were based around walks that he has made, and as well as land based natural sculpture, he uses the mediums of photography, text and maps of the landscape he has walked over.

In his work, often cited as a response to the environments he walked in, the landscape would be deliberately changed in some way, as in A Line Made by Walking (1967), and sometimes sculptures were made in the landscape from rocks or similar found materials and then photographed. Other pieces consist of photographs or maps of unaltered landscapes accompanied by texts detailing the location and time of the walk it indicates.

His piece Delabole Slate Circle, acquired from the Tate Modern in 1997, is a central piece in Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery.

South Bank Circle by Richard Long, Tate Liverpool, England. (1991)
Small White Pebble Circles, Tate Modern, London (1987)
White Water Falls, Garvan Institute, Sydney (2012)

At Houghton Hall in Norfolk, the Marquess of Cholmondeley commissioned a sculpture to the east of the house. Long's land art there consists of a circle of Cornish slate at the end of a path mown through the grass.[6]

Permanent installations include Riverlines (2006) at the Hearst Tower (at about 35 x 50 feet (11 x 15 meters) this was at the time the biggest wall work he had ever made);[7] Planet Circle (1991) at the Museum de Pont, Tilburg, Netherlands;[8] and White Water Falls (2012) in the Garvan Institute in Sydney, Australia.[9]

In 2009, a retrospective of Long’s work entitled "Heaven and Earth," appeared at the Tate Britain.[10]


  • Nile (Papers of River Muds). Los Angeles: Lapis Press, 1990.
  • South America. Brest: Zédélé éditions, 2012. (Düsseldorf: Konrad Fischer, 1972 [1st ed.]).

Selected honours and awardsEdit

  • 1976 Represented Britain in the British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
  • 1989 Turner Prize, Tate Gallery, London, UK
  • 1990 Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, French Ministry of Culture, Paris, France
  • 2001 Elected to the Royal Academy of Arts
  • 2009 Awarded the Praemium Imperiale for sculpture from Japan
  • 2015 Named Whitechapel Gallery Art Icon[11]

Long was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2013 New Year Honours and a Knight Bachelor in the 2018 New Year Honours for services to art.[12][13]

Art marketEdit

Long's Whitechapel Slate Circle (1981) brought a record price for the artist in 1989 when it sold for $209,000 at Sotheby's in New York. At another auction in 1992, the piece was estimated far more modestly at $120,000 to $160,000, but bidding never exceeded $110,000;[14] instead, the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. purchased it in 1994 through dealer Anthony d'Offay.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "New Year's Honours 2018" (PDF). Government Digital Service. 29 December 2017. p. 3. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  2. ^ Turner Prize History – Richard Long
  3. ^ "Richard Long: Time and Space". Arnolfini. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  4. ^ Richard Long Official Website
  5. ^ O'Hagan, Sean (10 May 2009). "One Step Beyond". Guardian. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  6. ^ Donald, Caroline. "The new garden at Houghton Hall, King’s Lynn, Norfolk," The Times (London), 11 May 2008.
  7. ^ Richard Long newsletter No. 50 – 7 September 2006.
  8. ^ Planet Circle (1991) [1] Museum De Pont, Netherlands
  9. ^ Keniger, Michael. "The Kinghorn Cancer Centre". Magazine Article. Architecture AU. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  10. ^ Cashdan, Marina. "Richard Long." Modern Painters, November 2009.
  11. ^ | title=Art Icon 2015: Richard Long - Whitechapel Gallery
  12. ^ "No. 60367". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 2012. p. 8.
  13. ^ "No. 62150". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 2017. p. N2.
  14. ^ Carol Vogel (18 November 1992), A Night to Buy Low at Sotheby's New York Times.


External linksEdit