Richard Barrow Cadbury (29 August 1835 – 22 March 1899) was an English entrepreneur, chocolate-maker and philanthropist. He was the second son of the Quaker John Cadbury, founder of Cadbury's cocoa and chocolate company.

Richard Cadbury
Old man with full beard
Richard Barrow Cadbury
Richard Barrow Cadbury

(1835-08-29)29 August 1835
Died22 March 1899(1899-03-22) (aged 63)
Occupation(s)Chocolate manufacturer, entrepreneur, philanthropist
Years active1861–1899
Known forCo-founder of Bournville with his brother George Cadbury
ChildrenBeatrice Boeke-Cadbury
English Heritage blue plaque at Wheeley's Road, Edgbaston

Together with his younger brother George he took over the family business in 1861. Richard was the first to commercialise the connection between romance and confectionery with the company producing a heart-shaped box of chocolates for Valentine's Day in 1868.[1] In 1878 they acquired 14 acres (57,000 m2) of land in open country, four miles (6 km) south of Birmingham where they opened a new factory in 1879. Over the following years, more land was acquired and a model village was built for his workers, which became known as Bournville.

He donated Moseley Hall to the City of Birmingham, for use as a children's convalescent home.[2]

Cadbury died on 22 March 1899 in Jerusalem, aged 63. Having fallen ill with diphtheria during a trip to Egypt, he was taken to the hospital of the Church's Ministry Among Jewish People in Jerusalem for treatment, but succumbed to his illness.[3]

In 1905 the executors of Cadbury's estate distributed £40,000 to various charities including £10,000 to the Temperance Hospital in London.[4]

His wife Emma died in 1907 after falling down some stairs while at sea on the Empress of India. His daughter Beatrice Boeke-Cadbury worked as an educational reformer and, for her work saving Jewish children during the Holocaust, was posthumously honoured as one of the Righteous Among the Nations.[5]

References edit

  1. ^ Guinness World Records 2017. Guinness World Records. 8 September 2016. p. 90. ISBN 9781910561348. Richard Cadbury, eldest son of John Cadbury who founded the now iconic brand, was the first chocolate-maker to commercialize the association between confectionery and romance, producing a heart-shaped box of chocolates for Valentine's Day in 1868
  2. ^ "Moseley Hall". Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Chocolate, Tragedy, and Redemption". CMJ Israel. Retrieved 11 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Mr, Richard Cadbury's Will - Munificent Bequests". Gloucester Journal. 25 March 1905. p. 1.
  5. ^ "Gezinsblad van Beatrice Cadbury". De geschiedneis van het humanitarisme in Nederland (in Dutch and English). Retrieved 10 July 2022. Yad Vashem file number M.31.2/4963/1

External links edit

  Media related to Richard Cadbury at Wikimedia Commons