Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo

Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo, KP, GCSI, PC (English: /bɜːrk/; BURK; 21 February 1822 – 8 February 1872) styled Lord Naas between 1842 and 1867, called Lord Mayo in India, was a statesman, Viceroy of India and prominent member of the British Conservative Party from Dublin, Ireland.[1]

The Earl of Mayo
6th Earl of Mayo.jpg
Viceroy and Governor-General of India
In office
12 January 1869 – 8 February 1872
MonarchVictoria
Preceded bySir John Lawrence, Bt
Succeeded bySir John Strachey (acting)
Personal details
Born(1822-02-21)21 February 1822
Dublin, Ireland
Died8 February 1872(1872-02-08) (aged 49)
Port Blair, Andaman Islands, India
NationalityIrish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Hon. Blanche Wyndham
(d. 1918)
Alma materTrinity College, Dublin

Background and educationEdit

Mayo was born in Dublin, the eldest son of Robert Bourke, 5th Earl of Mayo, and his wife, Anne Charlotte, daughter of the Hon. John Jocelyn. His younger brother the Hon. Robert Bourke was also a successful politician. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin.[2]

 
The Cabinet of the Earl of Derby in 1867

Political careerEdit

After travelling in Russia, Mayo entered parliament for Kildare in 1847, a seat he held until 1852, and then represented Coleraine from 1852 to 1857 and Cockermouth from 1857 to 1868. He was thrice appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland – in 1852, 1858 and 1866 – and in 1869 he became the fourth Viceroy of India where he was locally often referred to as "Lord Mayo". He consolidated the frontiers of India and reorganised the country's finances; he also did much to promote irrigation, railways, forests and other useful public works. To solve local problems he established local boards. During his tenure the first census took place in 1872. He founded Mayo College at Ajmer for the education of young Indian chiefs, with £70,000 being subscribed by the chiefs themselves. Bourke, Richard Southwell (DNB00)  – via Wikisource.

AssassinationEdit

While visiting the convict settlement at Port Blair in the Andaman Islands in 1872 for the purpose of inspection, he was assassinated by Sher Ali Afridi, an Afghan convict who used a knife. Mayo's body was brought home to Ireland and buried at the medieval ruined church in Johnstown, County Kildare, near his home at Palmerstown House. Afridi was hanged on March 11, 1872.[3]

In 1873, the newly discovered swallowtail butterfly Papilio mayo from the Andaman Islands was named in his honour.[4] The traditional Irish march "Lord Mayo" (Tiagharna Mhaighe-eo) was named after him; according to tradition, it was composed by his harper David Murphy to appease Mayo after Murphy angered him.[5]

MemorialsEdit

Statue in Cockermouth, CumbriaEdit

 
Statue of Lord Mayo in the town of Cockermouth

On 19 August 1875 a statue of Lord Mayo was unveiled in the town of Cockermouth in the centre of the main street. The 800-guinea cost of the statue (made by Messrs. Willis of London) had been raised by public subscription. The unveiling was attended by Mayo's son, the 7th Earl; Lord Napier and Ettrick; the Bishop of Carlisle Harvey Goodwin: and the Earl of Lonsdale. The statue, carved in Sicilian marble, depicts Lord Mayo in his viceregal garb, and still stands today.

Statue unearthed from Jaipur, IndiaEdit

In 2007, a statue of Lord Mayo was unearthed in Jaipur, India, after being buried for six decades. This statue had earlier been installed in the premises of Mayo Hospital, currently known as the Mahilya Chikatsalya, Jaipur. The 9-foot-tall (2.7 m) cast-iron statue, weighing around 3 tons, was ordered sculpted by the Maharaja Ram Singh ji of Jaipur, as a tribute to Lord Mayo after his assassination. The sculptors were J. Forsyth and R. Monti. The company's name as inscribed on the statue was R. Masefield & Co., London. To prevent it from vandalism, this statue was buried in the premises of the Albert Hall Museum of Jaipur at the time of the independence of India. After six decades, this statue was unearthed by the Jaipur Mayo Alumni Chapter on 29 May 2007 from the premises of the Albert Hall Museum in Jaipur and sent to Mayo College, in Ajmer, India, where it is installed now.[6] Mayo College in Ajmer already had a full life-size statue of Lord Mayo sculpted in white marble installed in front of its famous main building since inception and a marble sculpted bust of him in its school museum.

St Paul's CathedralEdit

It is in the third recess of the South Wall.[7]

Mayo HospitalEdit

Mayo Hospital is one of the oldest and biggest hospitals in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The hospital is named after then Viceroy of British India, "Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo" also locally known as Lord Mayo.

FamilyEdit

Lord Mayo married Blanche Julia, daughter of George Wyndham, 1st Baron Leconfield, in 1848. He was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son, Dermot. Lady Mayo died in 1918.

ArmsEdit

Coat of arms of Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo
 
Crest
A Cat-a-Mountain sejant guardant proper, collared and chained Or.
Escutcheon
Party per fess Or and Ermine, a cross gules the first quarter charged with a lion rampant sable and the second with a dexter hand couped at the wrist and erect gules
Supporters
On either side a Chevalier in complete Armour, holding in the exterior hand a Pole-Axe, all proper.[8]
Motto
A CRUCE SALUS (Salvation from the Cross)
Orders
Order of St Patrick
Order of the Star of India

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ W. W. Hunter (1 February 2006). The Life of the Earl of Mayo – Fourth Viceroy of India. Read Books. ISBN 978-1-84664-774-1.
  2. ^ "Alumni Dublinenses : a register of the students, graduates, professors and provosts of Trinity College in the University of Dublin (1593–1860 George Dames Burtchaell/Thomas Ulick Sadleir p84: Dublin, Alex Thom and Co, 1935
  3. ^ 1872: Sher Ali Afridi, assassin of the viceroy
  4. ^ Atkinson, W.S. (1873). "Descriptions of two new species of butterflies from the Andaman Islands". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 1873: 736.
  5. ^ S.J. Adair Fitzgerald (1898). Stories of Famous Songs. John C. Nimmo. p. 380.
  6. ^ Annual Register Two statues of Lord Mayo have also been placed in Mayo College, Ajmer – One outside its main building and the other outside its museum. pp. 74–75.
  7. ^ "Memorials of St Paul's Cathedral" Sinclair, W. p. 462: London; Chapman & Hall, Ltd; 1909.
  8. ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 2653–2655. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Kildare
1847March 1852
With: Marquess of Kildare
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Coleraine
18521857
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Cockermouth
18571868
With: John Steel to April 1868
Andrew Green Thompson from April 1868
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Chief Secretary for Ireland
1852
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Secretary for Ireland
1858–1859
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Secretary for Ireland
1866–1868
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Viceroy of India
1869–1872
Succeeded by
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by Earl of Mayo
1867–1872
Succeeded by