Coordinates: The ancient town of Riblah, today a tell covered by a cemetery not far from the town of Ribleh on the Syrian side of the border with Lebanon, was in biblical times located on the northern frontier of the land of Canaan. The site lies on the eastern bank of the Orontes river, in a wide and fertile plain, 35 miles north-east of Baalbek and 10 or 12 miles south of the artificial Lake Homs created by the Romans. Brenton translated the place as Rablaam in his translation of the Septuagint.
It was at Riblah that Necho II, pharaoh of Egypt (c. 610 – c. 595 BCE), established his camp after he had routed Josiah's Judahite army at Megiddo in 609 BCE. Soon after this, the son of Josiah, the newly anointed King Jehoahaz, was made prisoner and held at Riblah to prevent him from ruling Judah; he was later taken to Egypt where he died (2 Kings 23:29-34). A reference in Ezekiel 19:4:
- The nations combined against him [Jehoahaz]; he was caught in their pit;
- They dragged him off with hooks to the land of Egypt
is interpreted as stating that Necho had invited Jehoahaz to a conference in Riblah and trapped him there.
Some two decades later, Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon also set up his headquarters here during his campaign against Judah, which culminated in the destruction of Jerusalem in 587 or 586 BCE. King Zedekiah was taken captive and brought to Riblah, where he had to witness how his sons were killed, after which he was blinded and taken to Babylon. His officials were also put to death in Riblah (2 Kings 25:6-7, 18-21. Jeremiah 39:5-7; 52:9-11, 26-27).
The town was situated on the main international trade route from Egypt to Mesopotamia, via Israel and the town of Carchemish where the road crossed over the Euphrates River. An important strategic asset, Riblah had plenty of water, food and fuel, which made also suitable as a military camp.
Riblah in CanaanEdit
There was also a town with the same name on the eastern boundary of the land promised to Moses in Canaan, known from Numbers 34:2, 10, 11, but whose location is still uncertain. The town is described in Numbers 34:11 as "on the eastern side of Ain". A place still called el-Ain, i.e. "the fountain", can still be found about 10 miles away.
- Avraham Negev and Shimon Gibson (2001). Riblah. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land. New York and London: Continuum. p. 435. ISBN 0-8264-1316-1.
- Brenton's Translation of the Septuagint, 2 Kings 23:33
- Barnes, A., Barnes' Notes on the Bible on 2 Kings 23, accessed 31 January 2018
- Saadia Gaon (1984). Yosef Qafih (ed.). Rabbi Saadia Gaon's Commentaries on the Pentateuch (in Hebrew) (4 ed.). Jerusalem: Mossad Harav Kook. p. 164 (note 6). OCLC 232667032., citing Targum Jonathan and Bar Droma, Chaim (1958). Wezeh gevul haares: the true boundaries of the Holy Land according to the sources (in Hebrew). Jerusalem: Hotsaʼat sefarim Beʼer le-ḥeḳer ha-Miḳra ṿeha-arets. p. 273. OCLC 654298149.
- Schwarz, Joseph (1969). A Descriptive Geography and Brief Historical Sketch of Palestine. Translated by Isaac Leeser. New York: Hermon Press. OCLC 255586852., p. 28 (reprinted A. Hart: Philadelphia 1850)
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. Missing or empty