Rhodesia was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe. It was previously the colony of Rhodesia, and before that the colony of Southern Rhodesia.
Rhodesia may also refer to:
- Rhodesia (region), a historical region in southern Africa between 1891 and 1964
- Rhodesia, Nottinghamshire, a village in England
- Rhodesia (moth), a genus of Geometrinae moths
- Rhodesia (novel), a novel in the Nick Carter-Killmaster series
- 1197 Rhodesia, an asteroid