Rhinocerotoidea

Rhinocerotoidea is a superfamily consisting of three family groups of odd-toed ungulates, two of which, the Amynodontidae and Hyracodontidae, are extinct. The only extant family group is the Rhinocerotidae (true rhinoceroses), which survives as five living species. The extinct members of this superfamily are often called "rhinoceroses" alongside members of the family Rhinocerotidae, though they include genera, such as Paraceratherium, which do not closely resemble modern rhinoceroses.

Rhinocerotoidea
Temporal range: 56–0 Ma Latest Paleocene-Present
Diceros bicornis.jpg
A Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) at the Saint Louis Zoo
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Suborder: Ceratomorpha
Superfamily: Rhinocerotoidea
Gray, 1821

TaxonomyEdit

The cladogram below follows a phylogenetic analysis by Bai et al. (2020):[1]

Rhinocerotoidea

Indolophus

Breviodon

Fouchia

Minchenoletes

Triplopus cubitalus

Yimengia

Rhinocerotoidea

Hyrachyus

Uintaceras

Teletaceras

Selenaletes

Triplopus? youjingensis

Hyracodontidae

Ephyrachyus

Prohyracodon

Ardynia

Hyracodon

Epitriplopus

Triplopides

Forstercooperiidae

Forstercooperia

Gobicerops

Pappaceras

Amynodontidae

Caenolophus

Proeggysodon

Rostriamynodon

Sharamynodon

Amynodon

Cadurcodon

Metamynodon

Paramynodon

Eggysodon

Paraceratheriidae

Juxia

Paraceratherium

Urtinotherium

Rhinocerotidae

Trigonias

Subhyracodon

Menoceras

Rhinoceros

(sensu stricto)
(sensu lato)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bai, B.; Meng, J.; Zhang, C.; Gong, Y.-X.; Wang, Y.-Q. (2020). "The origin of Rhinocerotoidea and phylogeny of Ceratomorpha (Mammalia, Perissodactyla)". Communications Biology. 3 (1): 509. doi:10.1038/s42003-020-01205-8.