Rhino (character)

  (Redirected from Rhino (comics))

The Rhino (Aleksei Sytsevich; English: Ah-lek-see set-seh-vich; Russian: Алексей Сицевич) is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He was created by writer Stan Lee and artist John Romita Sr., and first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #41 (Oct. 1966).[1] The character is a Russian thug who underwent an experimental procedure that gave him an artificial skin covering and superhuman strength. Rebelling against the scientists responsible for his transformation, the Rhino used his newfound powers to become a successful criminal, and soon clashed with superheroes like Spider-Man and the Hulk. The character is typically portrayed as a dimwitted brute, capable of great destruction, but ultimately easily deceived.

Rhino
Rhinopreview.jpg
The Rhino, art by Khari Evans
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceThe Amazing Spider-Man #41 (October 1966)
Created byStan Lee
John Romita Sr.
In-story information
Alter egoAleksei Mikhailovich Sytsevich
Alex O'Hirn (Ultimate Marvel)
Place of originRussia
Team affiliationsSinister Six
Sinister Syndicate
Secret Defenders
Klaw's Army
Legion Accursed
Emissaries of Evil
S.H.I.E.L.D.
Savage Six
Abilities
  • Superhuman strength, speed, stamina and durability
  • Rhino armor:
    • High-level resistance to damage and extreme temperatures
    • Razor-sharp horns
    • Ability to enhance his superhuman physical attributes

One of Spider-Man's most prominent adversaries, the Rhino has been adapted into various forms of media since his original debut during the Silver Age of Comic Books, including animated television series and video games. He has also featured in Marvel merchandise such as action figures and trading cards. Paul Giamatti played a version of Aleksei Systevich who uses rhinoceros-themed battle armor, similar to the character's Ultimate Marvel incarnation, in the 2014 film The Amazing Spider-Man 2.

Publication historyEdit

Described by writer Mike Conroy as "famously one of Spider-Man's dimmest villains",[2] the Rhino debuted in The Amazing Spider-Man #41–43 (Oct.–Dec. 1966) as a thug for hire working for an Eastern Bloc country.[3] He volunteers to participate in an experiment that bonds a super-strong polymer to his skin, as well as augmenting his strength and speed. The character returned in The Incredible Hulk (vol. 2) #104 (June 1968), and although he apparently died at the end of the story, he was revived in The Incredible Hulk (vol. 2) #124 (Feb. 1970), becoming a perennial opponent of both Spider-Man and the Hulk.

The character achieved significant exposure in the 1980s and 1990s, appearing in both a solo capacity and as a villain for hire in over 12 titles. Significant appearances included starring in the limited series Deadly Foes of Spider-Man #1–4 (May–Aug. 1991); the "Flowers for Rhino" storyline in Spider-Man's Tangled Web #5–6 (Oct.–Nov. 2001), which is told from the character's perspective; and Punisher War Journal (vol. 2) #13–15 (Jan.–March 2008), in which the Rhino begins to rethink his lifestyle. He has also been a member of multiple supervillain teams, including the Emissaries of Evil, the Sinister Syndicate, and the Sinister Six.

Fictional character biographyEdit

Origin and early villainyEdit

Aleksei Sytsevich was a member of the Russian mafia who willingly underwent a series of chemical and radiation treatments meant to give him an artificial skin covering that would grant superhuman strength. After successfully completing the treatment, Sytsevich rebelled against the Eastern Bloc agents who gave him these powers, destroying their laboratory. He was subsequently hired to kidnap Colonel John Jameson and obtain the extraterrestrial spores to which Jameson was exposed during a space mission, but Sytsevich was defeated by the superhero Spider-Man and taken to prison.[4]

After serving his sentence, the Rhino was approached by the same scientists for more augmentation. This time, they used the same gamma radiation that granted the Hulk his abilities to further increase the Rhino's strength. They also equipped him with a more durable, acid-proof suit that would further increase his abilities. The Rhino agreed to find and kidnap Bruce Banner, the Hulk's human alter ego, for his knowledge of gamma radiation. Despite the Rhino's training and equipment, he was easily defeated by the Hulk, who placed him in a coma.[5]

Months later, the Rhino was revived by the Leader, who planned to interrupt Banner's wedding to Betty Ross. The Leader intended to transform Banner into the Hulk, and wanted the Rhino to protect him from the ensuing rampage. At the wedding, the Rhino betrays the Leader and attacks Banner the moment he transforms.[6] In the resulting chaos, the Rhino is once again comatose, and the Leader briefly takes mental control of Sytsevich's body to combat the Hulk.[7] The Leader abandons the Rhino and the Hulk on an alien world, and return home in a rocket, which crashes on arrival.

The Rhino's first collaboration with other villains occurs when he and the Abomination activated a gamma bomb at the Hulkbuster base in an attempt to destroy the Hulk. Although this attempt failed, Egghead recruited the Rhino for his supervillain team, the Emissaries of Evil, where he was paired with Solarr in search of a rare jewel.[8] Rhino and Solarr are defeated by the Defenders, Doctor Strange,[9] and Doc Samson.[10]

Samson took the Rhino to Project P.E.G.A.S.U.S., where he was part of a failed prison break involving Moonstone, Blackout, and Electro.[11] While being transferred to another facility, the Miracle Man attempted to free the Rhino, who wanted to stay in P.E.G.A.S.U.S. for medical treatment. The rocket crash had permanently affixed the Rhino's costume to his body, and he wanted it separated. He and the Thing successfully stopped Miracle Man, and took the Rhino to a medical facility within P.E.G.A.S.U.S..[12]

When the treatments fail to return the Rhino to normal, he escapes P.E.G.A.S.U.S. and joins the Sinister Syndicate, fighting Spider-Man on multiple occasions.[13] After the team falls apart, the Rhino is hired by the Kingpin under the belief that he can raise the money for more surgery. When he hears the Kingpin tell a group of scientists not to remove the Rhino suit, Sytsevich kidnaps one of their children until they complete the procedure. Sytsevich then requests a removable suit from Justin Hammer, allowing him to continue his life of crime.[14]

Civil War and aftermathEdit

When the Rhino accidentally kills a security guard during a bank robbery, he is humiliated by the Punisher, and captured by Alyosha Kravinoff, the sun of Kraven the Hunter. The Punisher rescues the Rhino from Kravinoff's superhuman zoo, and he is convinced to make amends. The Rhino sends a letter and money to the security guard's widow,[15] and aids the Punisher on a case.[16] Later, the Rhino persuades the Punisher not to kill Michael Watts, the third Stilt-Man.[17]

During The Gauntlet storyline, the Rhino gives up his life of crime, surrendering himself to the police. S.H.I.E.L.D. removes his Rhino suit and sentences him to 25 years on Ryker's Island. He is released early on good behavior, and upon release, he meets Doctor Tramma, who wants to reinvent the Rhino. Sytsevich declines, and Tramma creates a new Rhino. At Spider-Man's persuasion, Sytsevich refuses to fight the new Rhino.[18] That promise is broken when Sytsevich's wife Oksana is killed, and a grief-stricken Sytsevich kills the new Rhino.[19]

Doctor Octopus recruits the Rhino for his iteration of the Sinister Six.[20] During the Ends of the Earth storyline, the Rhino tells Spider-Man that the loss of his wife has changed him, and he is prepared to die. When Doctor Octopus self-destructs his own lair, the Rhino pins Silver Sable to the floor of a flooding corridor, knowing that Spider-Man will blame himself for his fellow hero's death.[21] He is presumed drowned, and while in Doctor Octopus' dying body, Spider-Man meets Oksana and the Rhino in the afterlife.[22]

All-New, All-Different MarvelEdit

As part of the lead-up to the Dead No More: The Clone Conspiracy storyline, the Rhino resurfaces, having survived his apparent demise. The Jackal finds Sytsevich in hiding in Tahuexco, Guatemala, where he persuades the Rhino to do his bidding with the promise of a revived Oksana.[23] When Doctor Octopus activates a virus in all of the Jackal's clones that causes them to rapidly decay, Oksana turns to dust, and the Rhino goes on a grief-stricken rampage.[24] Spider-Man calms him by convincing him to move forward for his wife's sake, and the two agree to see each other once in a while to help the other with their pain.[25]

In a prelude to the "Hunted" storyline, the Rhino is among the animal-themed characters captured by the Taskmaster and the Black Ant on behalf of Kraven the Hunter. He is among those who Arcade publicly reveals as the Savage Six.[26] During the "King in Black" storyline, Rhino is among the villains recruited by Mayor Wilson Fisk to be part of his Thunderbolts at the time of Knull's invasion. Following the deaths of Ampere and Snakehead, Taskmaster couldn't bring himself to prevent Rhino from walking away.[27]

Powers and abilitiesEdit

A series of mutagenic chemical and radiation treatments provide the Rhino with superhuman strength, speed, stamina, and durability, all of which were further augmented by a gamma radiation treatment. His superhuman speed allows him to run at high velocities, especially over short distances. Sytsevich frequently "charges" his opponents in this manner, enabling him to cause great harm to most enemies in the surrounding area. The Rhino is, however, notorious for his lack of agility and slow reaction time, which makes it difficult for him to change direction when running at high speeds. As such, his fighting style is focused more on melee attacks.

Rhino suitEdit

Sytsevich possesses a thick polymer suit that resembles the physique of a rhinoceros, including two horns, and covers everything but his face. The suit is resistant to damage and extreme temperatures, and the horns are capable of penetrating two-inch plate steel. His first, cruder suit was originally bonded to his skin in the aftermath of a rocket crash, and he went through several attempts to have the suit removed. After the first suit's destruction, Justin Hammer created a second, removable iteration. The second suit allows Sytsevich to withstand most high-caliber bullets, extreme temperatures, and impact forces. It also further increases his strength and durability.

Other characters named RhinoEdit

Doctor Tramma's RhinoEdit

When Aleksei Sytsevich declines Doctor Tramma's offer to return to the Rhino role, Tramma finds another subject and equips him with a high-tech suit that was supposed to be given to Sytsevich. The second Rhino comes after Sytsevich, feeling that he had to destroy the original Rhino if he was going to ascend. Spider-Man defeats the second Rhino, who then escapes.[18]

While lifting a makeshift dumbbell made out of a pole and two trucks, the second Rhino is called up by a mysterious person telling him where he can find Sytsevich. Rhino attacks Aleksei at one of J. Jonah Jameson's press meetings. Aleksei lies to the second Rhino, agreeing to fight him in his Rhino suit, but instead goes into hiding with his wife Oksana. Before they arrive at their safehouse, however, the second Rhino attacks again, and Oksana dies as a result. Aleksei dons his old Rhino suit, which is strong enough to destroy the new Rhino's, and kills the unnamed wearer.[19]

Ultimate RhinoEdit

The Ultimate Marvel version of the Rhino is Alex O'Hirn, a scientist who uses a suit of armor known as R.H.I.N.O. (Robotism Heuristic Intelligence Navigable Operative), stolen from the United States military. Using the armor's strength, O'Hirn robs a Manhattan bank by charging the vault-head first. He then rampages through a busy city street. The original Spider-Man tries to escape school in order to confront O'Hirn, but cannot get there in time, and the R.H.I.N.O. is defeated by Iron Man.[28] In the "Divided We Fall" arc, Miles Morales uses his venom blasts to create a shortcut into the R.H.I.N.O. armor.[29]

Other versionsEdit

Age of ApocalypseEdit

In the alternate reality depicted in the 1995 Age of Apocalypse storyline, the Rhino was one of those superhumans captured by the horseman Death. He was brought to the Ship, Apocalypse's recovery base, and was transformed into a powerful monster by the Terrigen Mist. While on the Ship, the Rhino joined Death and his other henchmen in fighting Magneto and the X-Men, where he was incapacitated by Rogue.[30]

Earth-CharnelEdit

The Rhino was seen as a member of the Avengers of Earth-9939, who travelled through time to stop the entity known as Charnel. After being partnered with She-Hulk for 20 years, both were killed in action.[31]

JLA/AvengersEdit

In the third issue of the 2003 JLA/Avengers crossover miniseries, the Rhino was among the villains enthralled by Krona to defend his stronghold. He is briefly seen defeating Triathlon in battle.[32]

House of MEdit

In the alternate reality seen in the 2005 House of M storyline, the Rhino serves as the bodyguard of Peter Parker. Parker sends the Rhino to question Crusher Hogan, a wrestler performing under the name "the Green Goblin," and Sytsevich hospitalizes Hogan. Now in hiding from the authorities, the Rhino is approached by the Green Goblin, who is looking for allies in defeating Parker. The Rhino performs a double-cross and enlists his friends Electro, the Ox and the Vulture to attack the Green Goblin, unmasking him to reveal Peter Parker.[33]

Marvel ZombiesEdit

The Rhino, a member of the undead Sinister Six, was among the zombified villains that attempted to devour Galactus. When the other zombies finished eating Galactus, zombified versions of the Hulk and Spider-Man dismembered and ate the Rhino, both stating that he tasted poor.[34]

MC2Edit

In Mr. and Mrs. Spider-Man, within the Marvel Comics 2 universe, the Rhino briefly loses his temper while visiting the hospital with his sick aunt. After calming down, the Rhino waits in line and comes face to face with Peter Parker, who is with his own family. They discuss their superhero pasts and call a truce, with Sytsevich assuring Peter that what he did was simply business. They spend the remainder of Peter's visit exchanging stories, and part with a better understanding of one another.[35]

Spider-VerseEdit

In the Spider-Verse storyline, the Earth-001 version of the Rhino appears as a member of Verna's Hounds. He accompanies Verna and the Earth-001 version of the Scorpion to Earth-21205 to hunt that world's Peter Parker, masquerading as the Hobgoblin, where they were stopped by the Spider-Woman of Earth-65.[36] He later helps Verna and the Earth-001 versions of Hammerhead and the Ox attack the Spider-Totems on Earth-8847.[37] The Earth-001 Rhino is killed by the Superior Spider-Man, the Assassin Spider-Man, and Spider Punk.[volume & issue needed]

Marvel MangaverseEdit

A member of the Kishi Kuri clan,[38] the Rhino was present when Venom usurped the Kingpin,[volume & issue needed] and was later seen battling the Shadow Clan.[volume & issue needed]

Spider-GwenEdit

On Earth-65, Aleksei Sytsevich is a mercenary hired by the Kingpin and Matt Murdock to kill Captain George Stacy. Although he does not appear as the Rhino, Aleksei is depicted as a large man with gray skin and blue hair. After being stopped by the Spider-Woman, Officer Frank Castle interrogates Sytsevich about who ordered the hit on Stacy. Castle beats the information out of Sytsevich that the Kingpin was the one responsible.[39]

Old Man LoganEdit

In the Old Man Logan universe, where villains rose to power, the Rhino left Manhattan to form the Rhino Gang. The Gang successfully conquered Arizona and New Mexico, killing anyone that stood in their way. When they reached a Cheyenne reservation in South Dakota, the Gang met resistance in the form of Forge and his high-tech defenses. Forge annihilated the Rhino Gang before beating the Rhino to death.[40]

Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your VowsEdit

During the "Secret Wars" storyline in the pages of Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows, the Rhino works as an enforcer of the Regent. He is first seen alongside Boomerang and the Shocker, assaulting Demolition Man for protesting against the Regent's rules.[41] Following the deaths of Doctor Octopus and the Hobgoblin, and the incapacitation of the Vulture, the Regent recruits the Rhino, Boomerang, and the Beetle for the Sinister Six. As part of the Sinister Six, the Rhino attacks S.H.I.E.L.D.'s secret base after the Regent probes the Sandman's mind.[42]

In other mediaEdit

TelevisionEdit

  • The Rhino made two appearances in the first season of the 1967 Spider-Man animated series, voiced by Ed McNamara.[citation needed] In "Horn of the Rhino", he steals military equipment in an attempt to make an explosive weapon, but Spider-Man finds him hiding in the rhinoceros enclosure of a zoo. In "The Golden Rhino", he steals a shipment of gold to make a statue of himself. The Rhino also appears in a self-titled season three compilation episode.
  • The Rhino appeared as a recurring villain in 1994's Spider-Man: The Animated Series, voiced by Don Stark.[citation needed] He first appears in the "Alien Costume" three-parter as an employee of the Kingpin. Beginning in "The Insidious Six", the Rhino appears as a member of the titular team.
  • The Alex O'Hirn incarnation of the Rhino appears in the Spectacular Spider-Man TV series, voiced by Clancy Brown.[43] Originally a common thug under Tombstone, O'Hirn was used as a guinea pig in Norman Osborn's illegal experiments, where he became infused with Dr. Otto Octavius' titanium resin armor. Christening himself the Rhino, O'Hirn's armor makes him physically powerful, but it obstructs his pores, forcing him to periodically stop and re-hydrate. In the episode "Group Therapy", the Rhino joins the Sinister Six.
  • The Rhino appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man animated series, voiced by Max Mittelman and Daryl Sabara.[43] While this version is based on Alex O'Hirn, he uses a serum to transform into an anthropomorphic rhinoceros rather than don battle armor. After his introductory episode, he joins the Sinister Six until "Rampaging Rhino", when Spider-Man persuades him to join the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy and use his powers for good. However, Doctor Octopus later puts the Rhino under mind-control until Spider-Man finds a way to revert the latter back to his human form in the series finale.
  • The Aleksei Sytsevich incarnation of the Rhino appears in the 2017 Spider-Man animated series, voiced by Matthew Mercer (primarily) and Ben Pronsky (in "Dead Man's Party").[43][44] This version is a Russian student at Horizon High who is secretly injected with Rhino serum by Raymond Warren. While in his Rhino form, Sytsevich possesses poor eyesight like the actual rhinoceroses.

FilmEdit

  • The Aleksei Sytsevich iteration of the Rhino appears in the live-action film The Amazing Spider-Man 2, portrayed by Paul Giamatti.[45][46] In an interview with visual-effects supervisor Jerome Chen, he states that the armor was "put together out of surplus Soviet-era military gear that Oscorp had sold back in the '80s", with Aleksei modifying the armor.[47] This version of Sytsevich is depicted as a dim-witted and boastful member of the Russian Mafia who stole Oscorp plutonium, but was foiled by Spider-Man. Following Electro and the Green Goblin's defeat, Gustav Fiers grants Sytsevich a rhinoceros-themed mecha suit armed with heavy machine guns and missile launchers. After a shootout with the police, he is confronted by Spider-Man and engages him in a fight.
  • Paul Giamatti confirmed that the Rhino was planned to return in The Amazing Spider-Man 3.[48] However, the Amazing Spider-Man franchise was later cancelled and rebooted with Spider-Man: Homecoming, a new film set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.[49][50]

Video gamesEdit

The Rhino frequently appears as a boss, and occasionally as a playable character, in video games based on Spider-Man and Marvel Comics properties.

  • In the 2000 Spider-Man game, the Rhino (voiced by Dee Bradley Baker[43]), is hired by Doctor Octopus to attack a power plant owned by Omni-Tech as a distraction while Ock steals a device. The Rhino fights Spider-Man and the Black Cat, wounding the latter, before being defeated and arrested.
  • The Rhino appears as a boss across all versions of the Spider-Man 2 video game, voiced by John DiMaggio.[43] This iteration of the Rhino has spikes on his costume and claws.
  • The Alex O'Hirn version of the R.H.I.N.O. appears as a boss in the 2005 Ultimate Spider-Man video game, voiced by Bob Glouberman.[citation needed] While rampaging through Queens, O'Hirn is confronted by Spider-Man, who defeats him by exploiting a weak spot on the armor's back.
  • The Rhino appears as a mini-boss in the video game Marvel: Ultimate Alliance, voiced by Peter Lurie.[citation needed] This version is a member of Doctor Doom's Masters of Evil, where he is initially assigned to work with the Shocker and Arcade. Later, he is tasked with guarding a defeated Heimdall.
  • The Rhino appears as a boss in the Spider-Man 3 video game, voiced by Steven Blum.[43] This version of the character has a condition that causes his skin to resemble an actual rhinoceros, and wears a helmet resembling that of his traditional costume. After being released from a police van by a mind-controlled Scorpion, the Rhino is hired by Dr. Farley Stillwell to become her bodyguard. He fights Spider-Man and the Scorpion when they arrive to confront her, and is defeated by the former.
  • The Rhino appears as a playable character and boss in Spider-Man: Friend or Foe, with John DiMaggio reprising the role.[43] He appears as one of several villains who Mysterio captured and placed under mind control before sending him to Tangaroa Island to retrieve a meteor shard. After Spider-Man defeats him and destroys his mind-control device, the Rhino joins forces with him to exact revenge on Mysterio.
  • The Rhino appears in Spider-Man: Web of Shadows, voiced by Fred Tatasciore.[43] Imprisoned in Ryker's Island, Rhino is recruited by Spider-Man to break out the Tinkerer. Upon doing so, Spider-Man is presented with the choice of tricking the Rhino into returning to his cell or releasing him as well. Regardless of the choice made, the Rhino becomes an assist character.
    • In the PS2 and PSP versions, the Rhino also serves as a boss. In these versions, he is hired to guard Spencer Smythe and A.I.M.'s underground lab before Spider-Man battles and defeats the Rhino on his way out of the lab.
  • The Rhino appears as an exclusive character in the Nintendo DS version of Spider-Man: Edge of Time, voiced again by Fred Tatasciore.[43] In the game's story, the Rhino takes Anti-Venom's place as the one who was inadvertently fused with Alchemax scientist Walker Sloan and Doctor Octopus to become the monstrous Atrocity (also voiced by Tatasciore).
  • The Rhino appears as a boss in The Amazing Spider-Man video game, with Fred Tatasciore reprising the role.[51] This version of the character is a hybrid of a man and a rhinoceros, created by a corrupt Oscorp scientist using gene-splicing technology to sell to a Russian crime syndicate as a living weapon.[52] Alongside the other hybrids created by Oscorp using Dr. Curt Connors' old research, the Rhino escapes and terrorizes New York's citizens before Spider-Man eventually finds and defeats it. The Rhino later appears in a side mission, wherein it attacks the city's water treatment facility and is defeated by Spider-Man once again. The Rhino is also featured as a playable character in the Rhino Challenge DLC pack.[citation needed]
  • The Rhino appears as a playable character and boss in Lego Marvel Super Heroes, voiced by Robin Atkin Downes.[53] In the game's story, Captain America, Storm, and the Thing fight the Rhino and Mystique posing as Magneto in the Savage Land while trying to stop Asteroid M's launch.
  • The Rhino appears as a boss in the mobile version of The Amazing Spider-Man 2 video game, voiced again by Robin Atkin Downes.[citation needed] Aleksei Sytsevich first appears as a small-time criminal who is defeated by Spider-Man early on in the story and arrested by the police. Near the end of the game, he is broken out of prison and dons rhinoceros-themed armor. The Rhino attacks Spider-Man and the Black Cat at the docks, but is ultimately defeated by the former and returned to police custody. The Rhino armor from the film also appears as an Easter egg in the other versions of the game.
  • The Rhino appears in Insomniac Games' Marvel's Spider-Man series,[54] voiced once again by Fred Tatasciore.[43] This version is a former enforcer for the Russian Mafia whose powers come from an experimental rhinoceros-themed combat suit that increases his strength, but cannot be removed. Within the games' continuity, Spider-Man has been a superhero for eight years and is well-familiar with the Rhino, having fought him several times in the past.

NovelsEdit

The Rhino appears in Jim Butcher's novel Spider-Man: The Darkest Hours, in which he and Spider-Man are forced to ally against Morlun's family. Along the way, the two foes gain a deeper respect for one another.

TheatreEdit

The Rhino appears in the Marvel Universe Live! stage show.[55]

Toys and collectiblesEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  3. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 36. ISBN 978-0756692360. Now it was time for [John Romita, Sr.] to introduce a new Spidey villain with the help of [Stan] Lee. Out of their pooled creative energies Rhino was born, a monstrous behemoth trapped in a durable rhinoceros suit.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
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  6. ^ The Incredible Hulk (vol. 2) #124 (Feb. 1970)
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  12. ^ Thing #24 (June 1985)
  13. ^ Amazing Spider-Man #280–281 (Sep. – Oct. 1986)
  14. ^ Deadly Foes of Spider-Man #4 (Aug. 1991)
  15. ^ Punisher War Journal (vol. 2) #13–15 (Jan. – Mar. 2008)
  16. ^ Punisher War Journal (vol. 2) #23 (Nov. 2008)
  17. ^ Punisher War Journal (vol. 2) #26
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  25. ^ Clone Conspiracy: Omega #1
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  34. ^ Marvel Zombies #3. Marvel Comics
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