Rheda, Germany

Rheda is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, a part of the municipality of Rheda-Wiedenbrück in the Kreis of Gütersloh.

Lordship of Rheda
Herrschaft Rheda
1170–1190
Rheda Castle
Rheda Castle
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
CapitalRheda
GovernmentPrincipality
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Founded
before the 1080s
• Gained Reichsfreiheit
1170
• Inherited by Lippe
1190
• Inherited by Tecklenburg
1364
• Inherited by Bentheim-
    Tecklenburg
 
1606
• Annexed by Berg
1808
• Awarded to Prussia,
    within Westphalia
 
1818 1190
• Joined NRW
October 25, 1946
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Saxony Duchy of Saxony
Lordship of Lippe Lordship of Lippe

HistoryEdit

Rheda was first mentioned in documents from the year 1085, at the latest 1088. Rheda Castle was, from 1170 until 1807 or 1815, the manor house of the Manor of Rheda.

The Lordship was created from the Freigericht (free court or free jurisdiction) of Rheda and the Vögterei (stewardship) over the abbeys of Liesborn and Freckenhorst. On the death of the first Lord, Widukind of Rheda, in the Third Crusade, the lordship was inherited by Bernhard II, Lord of Lippe. Bernhard's successor, Hermann II, moved the seat of his lordship to Rheda Castle.[1]

On the death of Bernhard V without an heir in 1364, the Lordship of Rheda was seized by Bernhard's son-in-law, Otto V, Count of Tecklenburg, unlike the rest of the Lippian inheritance, which passed to Simon III, brother of Bernhard V;[1][2] 130 years later, Tecklenburg reimbursed Lippe for this annexation with a payment of 7200 Rhenish gulden (German: Rheinischer Münzverein).[1]

From the Tecklenburger annexation, the lordship followed the path of that county. In the course of the Napoleonic Wars, the territory was annexed to the Napoleonic satellite Grand Duchy of Berg and was awarded to the Kingdom of Prussia by the Congress of Vienna, becoming part of the Prussian province of Westphalia, where it remained beyond the German Revolution and the abolition of the German monarchies in the aftermath of World War I until the reorganisation of Germany under the Allied Occupation powers, when it became a part of the newly created state of North Rhine-Westphalia.[1][3]

ReferencesEdit

Coordinates: 51°51′N 8°18′E / 51.850°N 8.300°E / 51.850; 8.300