Reza Radmanesh

Reza Radmanesh (Persian: رضا رادمنش‎; 1905/1906–1983) was an Iranian physicist, communist politician and general secretary of the Tudeh Party of Iran. According to Abbas Milani, he was "one of the most prominent members of the Iranian communist movement".[3]

Reza Radmanesh
Reza Radmanesh.jpg
Member of Parliament of Iran
In office
7 March 1944 – 12 March 1946
Personal details
Born1905[1] or 1906[2]
Lahijan, Persia[2]
Died1983 (aged 77–78)[1]
Leipzig, East Germany
Political partyTudeh Party of Iran
Other political
Socialist Party (1920s)
RelativesMohammad Ali Mojtahedi (cousin)[3]
Alma materUniversity of Paris[2]

Early life and educationEdit

Radmanesh was born into a Gilak landed upper-class family. He helped the local Jangalis as a teenager; and joined the Socialist Party while he studied at Dar ul-Funun. He went to France to study physics, and met Taghi Arani, before he returned to Iran as a junior member of The Fifty-Three. He was sentenced to five years of imprisonment.[4]


Radmanesh was a leading and dominating personality in the Tudeh Party of Iran, serving as a member of the party's central committee, head of its youth wing and its parliamentary leader before taking office as the first Secretary in 1948.[5]


  1. ^ a b Maziar, Behrooz (2000). Rebels With A Cause: The Failure of the Left in Iran. I.B.Tauris. p. 38. ISBN 1860646301.
  2. ^ a b c Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. Table 3: Social and Political Background of the "Fifty-three", pp. 158–159. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  3. ^ a b Milani, Abbas (2008). Eminent Persians: the men and women who made modern Iran, 1941-1979. 1. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. p. 165. ISBN 0815609078.
  4. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 288. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  5. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. p. 294, 306, 309, 313. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
Party political offices
Preceded by
First Secretary of the Tudeh Party of Iran
Served alongside: Mohammad Bahrami (1949–1953) as Acting First-Secretary
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Preceded by

as General-Secretaries
New title Head of Tudeh fraction
Head of Tudeh Youth Organization
Succeeded by
Nader Sharmini