Reynolds County, Missouri
Reynolds County is a county located in the Ozark Foothills Region in the Lead Belt of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,696. Its county seat is Centerville. The county was officially organized on February 25, 1845, and was named in honor of former Governor of Missouri Thomas Reynolds.
The antebellum county courthouse in Centerville
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
|Founded||February 25, 1845|
|Named for||Thomas Reynolds|
|• Total||814 sq mi (2,110 km2)|
|• Land||808 sq mi (2,090 km2)|
|• Water||5.9 sq mi (15 km2) 0.7%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||8.2/sq mi (3.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
The county is home to Johnson's Shut-Ins State Park, a popular tourist attraction in the state of Missouri.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Politics
- 5 Education
- 6 Communities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Reynolds County was officially organized on February 25, 1845. It is still an area of rugged beauty near the geologic center of the Ozark Highland. Reynolds County was formerly part of Ripley County which was formed in 1831 and part of Wayne County which was formed in 1818. It was also previously part of Washington County and part of Ste. Genevieve County.
The Reynolds County Courthouse has burned twice. The first time was in December 1863 when the Confederate army burned it. A new courthouse was built in the fall of 1867 on the same foundation as the previous one. This courthouse was burned in late November 1871. Both times all records were destroyed. Temporary quarters again burned May 27, 1872, while a new "fireproof" courthouse was being built.
- Dent County (northwest)
- Iron County (northeast)
- Wayne County (southeast)
- Carter County (south)
- Shannon County (west)
National protected areaEdit
- Mark Twain National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,689 people, 2,721 households, and 1,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,759 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.65% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Approximately 0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Reynolds County were 37.6% American, 12.1% Irish, 11.6% German, and 11.4% English.
There were 2,721 households out of which 27.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 27.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,546, and the median income for a family was $37,891. Males had a median income of $26,753 versus $18,322 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,847. About 16.10% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2000), Reynolds County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Reynolds County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (78.80%), Baptist Missionary Association of America (8.24%), and Methodists (4.24%).
The Democratic Party completely controls politics at the local level in Reynolds. Democrats hold every elected position in the county.
|Reynolds County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Brandi Freeman||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Mike Harper||Democratic|
|Coroner||Jeffrey N. McSpadden||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Michael Randazzo||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Mallory Fox||Democratic|
Reynolds County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans.
- District 143 — Currently represented by Jeffrey Pogue (R-Salem), consists of the extreme northwestern parts of the county and includes the town of Bunker.
|Democratic||Shane Van Steenis||129||36.44%|
- District 144 — Currently represented by Paul Fitzwater (R-Potosi), consists of most of the entire county and includes Ellington, Lesterville and Centerville.
|Democratic||Michael L. Jackson||1,023||36.75%|
|Green||Edward R. Weissler||353||13.27%||+13.27|
|Democratic||Joseph Fallert, Jr.||1,204||40.20%|
|2016||66.30% 1,969||29.59% 879||4.11% 122|
|2012||39.43% 1,239||57.13% 1,795||3.44% 108|
|2008||37.73% 1,223||58.65% 1,901||3.61% 117|
|2004||53.61% 1,746||45.13% 1,470||1.25% 41|
|2000||46.29% 1,416||48.38% 1,480||5.33% 163|
|1996||30.81% 886||66.93% 1,925||2.26% 65|
|1992||32.39% 1,034||67.61% 2,158||0.00% 0|
|1988||50.45% 1,528||49.19% 1,490||0.36% 11|
|1984||39.46% 1,308||60.54% 2,007||0.00% 0|
|1980||43.02% 1,389||56.89% 1,837||0.09% 3|
|1976||39.71% 1,175||60.19% 1,781||0.10% 3|
Reynolds County is included in Missouri’s 8th Congressional District and is currently represented by Jason T. Smith (R-Salem) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Smith won a special election on Tuesday, June 4, 2013, to finish out the remaining term of U.S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson (R-Cape Girardeau). Emerson announced her resignation a month after being reelected with over 70 percent of the vote in the district. She resigned to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative.
|Republican||Jason T. Smith||2,236||77.34%||+11.95|
|Republican||Jason T. Smith||1,024||65.39%||+15.31|
|Republican||Jason T. Smith||451||64.99%||-7.85|
|Republican||Jo Ann Emerson||2,301||72.84%|
At the presidential level, Reynolds County is fairly independent-leaning but unlike many rural counties, it has a tendency to lean Democratic. While George W. Bush carried Reynolds County in 2000 and 2004, the margins of victory were smaller than in many of the rural areas. Bill Clinton also carried Reynolds County both times in 1992 and 1996, and like most of the rural counties in Missouri, Reynolds County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008, although not as strongly as the rest of the rural areas.
Like most rural areas throughout Southeast Missouri, voters in Reynolds County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles but are more moderate or populist on economic issues, typical of the Dixiecrat philosophy. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Reynolds County with 85.41 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Reynolds County with 54.15 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Reynolds County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Reynolds County with 77.50 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.
Missouri presidential preference primary (2008)Edit
|Reynolds County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||202 (32.90%)|
|Mike Huckabee||283 (46.09%)|
|Mitt Romney||93 (15.15%)|
|Ron Paul||25 (4.07%)|
|Reynolds County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Clinton||741 (66.22%)|
|Barack Obama||277 (24.75%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||70 (6.26%)|
In the 2008 presidential primary, voters in Reynolds County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.
- Bunker R-III School District - Bunker
- Bunker Elementary School (K-06)
- Bunker High School (07-12)
- Centerville R-I School District - Centerville
- Lesterville R-IV School District - Lesterville
- Lesterville Elementary School (K-06)
- Lesterville High School (07-12)
- Lesterville Ranch Campus (K-12) - Black
- Southern Reynolds County R-II School District - Ellington
- Southern Reynolds County Elementary School (PK-06)
- Southern Reynolds County High School (07-12)
- Reynolds County Library District
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1917). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 347.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "County Results - State of Missouri - 2016 General Election, November 8, 2016 - Official Results". Missouri Secretary of State. December 12, 2016. Retrieved May 10, 2017.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
- Breeding, Marshall. "Reynolds County Library District". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Reynolds County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books