Rewa district

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Rewa District is a district of the Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The city of Rewa is the district headquarters. Rewa is also known as the 'Land of White Tigers' as the first White Tiger was discovered here by Maharaja of the province, Martand Singh in 1951 in the nearby jungle of Govindgarh. Madhya Pradesh's only Sainik School is also situated in Rewa. Rewa was capital city of Vindhya Pradesh.

Rewa district
Purwa Falls on the Tons River
Purwa Falls on the Tons River
Location of Rewa district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Rewa district in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates (Rewa, India): 24°33′N 81°17′E / 24.55°N 81.29°E / 24.55; 81.29Coordinates: 24°33′N 81°17′E / 24.55°N 81.29°E / 24.55; 81.29
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionRewa
HeadquartersRewa, India
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesRewa
Area
 • Total6,240 km2 (2,410 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,365,106
 • Density380/km2 (980/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy73.42 per cent
 • Sex ratio930
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 7, NH 27, NH 75
Average annual precipitationnormal mm
Websiterewa.nic.in/en/

GeographyEdit

Rewa lies between 240 18’ and 250 12’ north latitudes and 810 2’ and 820 18’.[1] The district is bounded on the north by Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by Sidhi, on the south by Shahdol, and on the west by Satna. Rewa district is part of Rewa Division and has an area of 6,240km2.[2]

The Huzur, Sirmour and Mauganj tehsils lie between the Kaimur Range in the south, and the Binjh pahar in the north, and form what is known as the Rewa plateau or uprihar. To the north lies the Teonther tehsil which is quite different in its physical and other features from the plateau tehsils. The Rewa plateau decreases in height from south to north. In the south, the Kaimur Range rises to more than 450 meters above sea level, whereas the alluvial plain of Teonthor is just 100 meters above sea level. In the eastern side of Rewa some small cities and towns are there like Manikwar , Mauganj , Mangawan , Hanumana.

The district has a varied terrain that includes alluvial plains, hills, ravines, scarp, rivers, and water-falls. The rain-water of the district flows out along two tributary rivers of the Ganges, the Tons or Tamas and the Son.[1] The Bichiya River flows through the heart of Rewa city.

The Tamsa or Tons and its tributaries form waterfalls as they descend from the Rewa Plateau, including: the Chachai Falls (127m) on the Bihar River, a tributary of the Tamsa, the Keoti Falls (98m) on the Mahana River, a tributary of the Tamsa, the Odda Falls (145m) on the Odda River, a tributary of the Belah River, which is itself a tributary of the Tamsa, Bahuti fall on Chataniha river beside Misirgawan village, and the Purwa Falls (70m) on the Tamsa or Tons.[3]

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 census, total population of Rewa district is 2,365,106 of which 12,25,100 are males and 11,40,006 are males.[4]

Hinduism is majority religion in Rewa district with 95.93% followers. Islam is second most popular religion of Rewa with approximately 3.61% following it. Christianity is followed by 0.08%, Jainism by 0.03%, Sikhism by 0.04% and Buddhism by 0.04%. Around 0.01% stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.26% stated 'No Particular Religion'.

Description Total Percentage
Hindu 2,268,838 95.93 %
Muslims 85,414 3.61%
Christian 1,964 0.08 %
Sikh 832 0.04 %
Jain 655 0.03 %
Not Stated 6,185 0.26 %
Buddhist 986 0.04 %
Others 232 0.01 %

GovernanceEdit

Rewa district, itself Rewa Lok Sabha constituency is divided into following 8 Vidhan Sabha (Legislative assembly) Constituencies:

  1. Deotalab
  2. Gurh
  3. Mangawan
  4. Mauganj
  5. Rewa
  6. Semariya
  7. Sirmaur
  8. Teonthar

ClimateEdit

Rewa has a humid subtropical climate, with cold, misty winters, hot summer and a humid monsoon season. Summers start in late March and go on till mid-June, the average temperature being around 30 °C (86 °F), with the peak of summer in May, when the highs regularly exceed 45 °C (104 °F). The monsoon starts in late June and ends in late September. These months see about 40 inches (1025 mm) of precipitation. The average temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F) and the humidity is quite high. Temperatures rise again up to late October when winter starts, which lasts up to early March. Winters in Rewa are cold and misty with average temperatures around 15 °C (58 °F) and little rain. The winter peaks in January when temperatures may drop close to freezing on some nights. The total annual rainfall is about 1128 mm (44 inches).

Climate data for Rewa, Madhya Pradesh (1981–2010, extremes 1965–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
36.5
(97.7)
40.7
(105.3)
45.0
(113.0)
46.8
(116.2)
46.6
(115.9)
43.2
(109.8)
39.4
(102.9)
37.6
(99.7)
38.6
(101.5)
36.2
(97.2)
31.1
(88.0)
46.8
(116.2)
Average high °C (°F) 23.7
(74.7)
27.0
(80.6)
33.1
(91.6)
38.6
(101.5)
41.1
(106.0)
38.8
(101.8)
33.3
(91.9)
31.8
(89.2)
32.0
(89.6)
32.2
(90.0)
28.9
(84.0)
25.3
(77.5)
32.2
(90.0)
Average low °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
10.8
(51.4)
15.6
(60.1)
21.1
(70.0)
25.6
(78.1)
26.8
(80.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.3
(75.7)
23.4
(74.1)
19.1
(66.4)
13.1
(55.6)
8.4
(47.1)
18.4
(65.1)
Record low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
1.6
(34.9)
6.4
(43.5)
11.6
(52.9)
17.6
(63.7)
20.1
(68.2)
15.2
(59.4)
20.3
(68.5)
10.2
(50.4)
9.0
(48.2)
4.4
(39.9)
1.9
(35.4)
0.6
(33.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 17.4
(0.69)
21.8
(0.86)
7.1
(0.28)
5.7
(0.22)
10.5
(0.41)
114.6
(4.51)
298.4
(11.75)
296.4
(11.67)
208.5
(8.21)
44.7
(1.76)
7.4
(0.29)
7.3
(0.29)
1,039.8
(40.94)
Average rainy days 1.5 1.7 0.8 0.5 1.2 5.3 12.6 12.4 8.3 2.2 0.5 0.6 47.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 58 51 36 28 31 49 72 77 73 60 60 61 54
Source: India Meteorological Department[5][6]

DivisionsEdit

Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh has 11 Tehsils

  1. Gurh
  2. Hanumana
  3. Hujur
  4. Jawa
  5. Mangawan
  6. Mauganj
  7. Nai Garhi
  8. Raipur - Karchuliyan
  9. Semaria
  10. Sirmaur
  11. Teonthar

TourismEdit

Deorkothar (or Deur Kothar) is known for its Buddhist stupas and may have been established by the Mauryan king Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. In ancient times the site was located on the Dakshinapatha (Southern Trade Route) running east–west from Pataliputra (Patna) to Pratishthana in Maharashtra through Central India.

White tigersEdit

The first of the white tigers to be captured was a cub, approximately two years old, who was captured by Maharajah Martand Singh of Rewa. The tiger lived in captivity at the Maharajah's summer palace for five years and, on its death, was stuffed and sent as a gift to King George V as a sign of India's loyalty to the crown. To this day, white tigers are still kept at the Maharajah's summer palace which is located at Govindgarh.

There is a White Tiger Safari in Mukundpur which first opened in April 3, 2016.

MohanEdit

The first white tiger discovered in May 1951 was named Mohan by Maharajah Shri Martand Singh, who was hunting in the jungles of Bandhavgarh. On 25 May there was a report that a tigress had been sighted with four cubs, one of which was white. The tigress was shot, as were two of her four cubs, but the white cub escaped. The white cub was captured and kept in a large open courtyard within the Maharajah's 150-roomed palace. On 30 May, only three days after its capture, the white cub escaped and a long hunt was organised to recover it. The white cub was reintroduced to a repaired courtyard where he lived for the remainder of his life.

EconomyEdit

A limestone belt runs through the Rewa district and coal is found in the nearby districts of Shahdol, Umaria, Sidhi and Singrauli. Cement factories are located in nearby Naubasta, Bela (Satna district) and Bhagwar (Sidhi district). The Jaypee Group has built a township known as Jaypee Nagar in Rewa. Prism cement (previously Rasi Cement), operates near Rewa in Satna district.

In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Rewa one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640 districts in India).[7] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7]

The 750MW Rewa Ultra Mega Solar plant, one of the largest solar power projects in India was commissioned in July 2018.

TransportEdit

Railways: Rewa is connected to Satna through a 50km Rewa-Satna Rail Line. Satna falls on the Mumbai Howrah main line via Allahabad.

Road: Main city lies where NH30 and NH39 interact with each other.

Air: Closest major Airport to Rewa is in Prayagraj which is 130 kilometers (80.7 miles) away and has flights to major destinations such as Delhi, Bangaluru, Mumbai, Kolkata etc. Other nearest airport is at Khajuraho. Rewa also has an air strip.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Rewa district". Rewa district administration. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  2. ^ "Rewa". mponline. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  3. ^ K. Bharatdwaj (2006). Physical Geography: Hydrosphere. p. 154. ISBN 9788183561679. Retrieved 11 July 2010.
  4. ^ "Rewa District - Census India" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Station: Rewa Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 667–668. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M128. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.

External linksEdit