Revolt Against the Modern World

Revolt Against the Modern World: Politics, Religion, and Social Order in the Kali Yuga (Italian: Rivolta contro il mondo moderno) is a book by Julius Evola, first published in Italy in 1934. Described as Evola's most influential work,[1] it is an elucidation of his Traditionalist world view. The first part of the book deals with the concepts of the Traditional world; its knowledge of the bridge between the earthly and the transcendent worlds. The second part deals with the modern world, contrasting its characteristics with those of traditional societies: from politics and institutions to views on life and death. Evola denounces the regressive aspects of modern civilisation, and instead argues for a traditionalist society.

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First edition English hardcover, published by Inner Traditions in 1995
AuthorJulius Evola
Original titleRivolta contro il mondo moderno
Working titleRevolt against the modern world : politics, religion, and social order in the kali yuga
CountryItaly
LanguageItalian
SubjectTraditionalism, Western esotericism, Fascist mysticism
GenrePhilosophy
PublisherInner Traditions
Publication date
1934
Published in English
1995
Media typePrint
Pages375 (Inner Traditions)
ISBN0-89281506-X
OCLC5930915

Rivolta contro il mondo moderno was published in Milan by Hoepli in 1934. A revised and augmented edition was published in 1969. Translated into English by Guido Stucco (from the 1969 edition), it was published by Inner Traditions. It has also been translated into German, Spanish, French, Serbian and Hungarian.[2] The book influenced Mircea Eliade and other thinkers in the Traditionalist school, as well as the European Nouvelle Droite.[3]

The bookEdit

Revolt Against the Modern World is divided into two parts: The world of tradition and Genesis and the face of the modern world.[4]

The first part, the world of tradition, is a comparative study of the doctrines of traditional civilizations where Evola indicates that the fundamental principles of the life of traditional man is manifested in the doctrine of two natures, the existence of a physical order and a metaphysical one. It follows the indication of the way in which the man of the tradition conceives law, war, property, relations between the sexes, immortality, and race.[5] The second part instead contains an interpretation of history on a traditional basis: it starts from the origins of man to arrive at the modern concept of evolution in the Darwinian sense which, according to tradition, is considered a regress, an involution.

The BeginningEdit

RegalityEdit

Evola begins the second chapter of Revolt against the Modern World stating that the traditional world is never perfectly realized in history. According to Evola, the key to tradition and what he supposes was the defining feature of the traditional world, was the experiential knowledge of the two natures: high and low, being and becoming, supernatural and natural. Then, Evola leads to promote the beneficial qualities of historical societies that embodied tradition.[6]

“The traditional world knew divine kingship. It knew the bridge between the two worlds, namely, initiation; it knew the two great ways of approaching the transcendent, namely, heroic action and contemplation. It knew the moral foundation, namely, the traditional law and the caste system; and it knew the political earthly symbol, namely, the empire”[7]

— Julius Evola, Revolt Against the Modern World (1995)

From this, Evola concludes that the traditional world had no defining ethics so therefore, it had no theory of any kind. Without theory, there was no learning of such theory and without learning, no progress. Evola explains how any progress or change from these traditional societies is involution rather than evolution, the study of history is only the study of decay. Evola appreciates how due to this, in traditional societies there was only adherence to the Primordialism, a single ethnic identity, which he believes has been lost due to modernity.[6][8]

Once Evola characterizes traditional societies, he proceeds to dive into his metaphysical views of gender roles. As Evola divides the universe between above and below, he relates this to the supernatural and the natural. According to Evola, women are natural and men are supernatural. The male is self-subsistent while the female is dependent. In Evola's worldview, the role of the female is to be a mother and a lover, while the male's sole role is in war.[6][7] Evola justifies his idiosyncratic views on gender roles by relating it to Hinduism and Taoism.[9][10][11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Horowitz, Jason (10 February 2017). "Steve Bannon Cited Italian Thinker Who Inspired Fascists." The New York Times. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Rivolta Contro Il Mondo Moderno". Julius Evola Bibliography. Arrakis. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  3. ^ Wolff, Elisabetta Cassina (2016). "Evola's interpretation of fascism and moral responsibility". Patterns of Prejudice. 50 (4–5): 478–94. doi:10.1080/0031322X.2016.1243662.
  4. ^ Julius Evola, Il cammino del cinabro, Milano, Scheiwiller, 1963, p. 71.
  5. ^ Sheehan, Thomas (1981). "Myth and violence: the fascism of Julius Evola and Alain de Benoist". Social Research. 48 (1): 45–73. JSTOR 40970798. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  6. ^ a b c "The Long View: Revolt Against the Modern World". With Both Hands. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  7. ^ a b Evola, Julius (1995). Revolt against the modern world. Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions International. ISBN 0-89281-506-X.
  8. ^ Furlong, Paul (21 April 2011). Social and Political Thought of Julius Evola. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781136725494.
  9. ^ Pickering-Iazzi, Robin (1995). Mothers of Invention: Women, Italian Fascism, and Culture. University of Minnesota Press. p. 96. ISBN 9780816626519.
  10. ^ R. Ben-Ghiat, M. Fuller. Italian Colonialism. Springer, 2016. p. 149
  11. ^ Coogan, Kevin (1999). Dreamer of the day : Francis Parker Yockey and the postwar fascist international. Brooklyn, NY: Autonomedia. ISBN 9781570270390. Retrieved 11 January 2020.

Further readingEdit