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Revised English Bible

The Revised English Bible (REB) is a 1989 English-language translation of the Bible that updates the New English Bible (NEB) of 1970. As with its predecessor, it is published by the publishing houses of both the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. It is not to be confused with the Revised English Bible of 1877, which was an annotated and slightly corrected version of the King James Bible.[1]

Revised English Bible
RevisedEnglishBible.jpg
Full nameRevised English Bible
AbbreviationREB
Complete Bible
published
1989
Derived fromNew English Bible
Textual basisNT: Medium correspondence to Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece 27th edition, with occasional parallels to Codex Bezae. OT: Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (1967/77) with Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint influence. Apocrypha: Septuagint with Vulgate influence.
Translation typeDynamic equivalence
Reading levelHigh school
CopyrightOxford University Press and Cambridge University Press 1989
Religious affiliationEcumenical
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was a vast waste, darkness covered the deep, and the spirit of God hovered over the surface of the water. God said, 'Let there be light', and there was light;
God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, that everyone who has faith in him may not perish but have eternal life.

Translation philosophyEdit

The REB is the result of both advances in scholarship and translation made since the 1960s and also a desire to correct what have been seen as some of the NEB's more egregious errors (for examples of changes, see the references). The changes remove many of the most idiosyncratic renderings of the NEB, moving the REB more in the direction of standard translations such as the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) or the New International Version (NIV).

The translation is intended to be somewhat gender-inclusive, though not to the same extent as translations such as the NRSV. Psalm 1 offers an illustration of the REB's middle-ground approach to gender-inclusive language. On one side are more traditional translations, such as the King James Version (KJV) and the English Standard Version (ESV), that use the word "man" and the masculine singular pronoun in Psalm 1. The ESV, for example, has "Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked...; but his delight is in the law of the Lord." On the other side are more gender-inclusive translations such as the NRSV that avoid any masculine nouns and pronouns in Psalm 1. The NRSV uses plurals: "Happy are those who do not follow the advice of the wicked...; but their delight is in the law of the Lord." In between these two approaches is the translation of Psalm 1 in the REB, which avoids using a male noun ("man") but retains the masculine singular pronouns ("his"): "Happy is the one who does not take the counsel of the wicked for a guide... His delight is in the law of the Lord."

The style of the REB has been described as more "literary" than that of the NRSV or NIV. It tends slightly further in the direction of "dynamic equivalence" than those translations, but still translates Hebrew poetry as poetry and reflects at least some of the characteristics of that poetry. The REB's general accuracy and literary flavour has led Stephen Mitchell and others to compliment it as one of the best English renderings. The translators of the REB gave particular attention to its suitability for public reading, especially in the Book of Psalms.[2]

The NEB "had a considerable British flavor" but the REB "removed much of this distinctiveness and aimed to be more accessible to an American audience".[3]

Churches in the Anglican Communion in which the REB is authorized for liturgical use include the:

SponsorsEdit

Revision committee membersEdit

Chairman of the joint committee responsible for translation: Donald Coggan[7]

Director of revision: William Duff McHardy

Revisers: G. W. Anderson; R. S. Barbour; I. P. M. Brayley; M. Brewster; S. P. Brock; G. B. Caird; P. Ellingworth; R. P. Gordon; M. D. Hooker; A. A. Macintosh; W. McKane; I. H. Marshall; R. A. Mason; I. Moir; R. Murray; E. W. Nicholson; C. H. Roberts; R. B. Salters; P. C. H. Wernberg-Moller; M. F. Wiles

Literary advisers: M. H. Black; M. Caird; J. K. Cordy, Baroness de Ward; I. Gray; P. Larkin; Doris Martin; C. H. Roberts; Sir Richard Southern; P. J. Spicer; J. I. M. Stewart; Mary Stewart

ReferencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Revised English Bible. The Holy Bible According to the Authorised Version, compared with the Hebrew and Greek Texts and Carefully Revised. London: Eyre & Spottiswood. 1877.
  2. ^ Coggan 1989, p. viii.
  3. ^ "A Brief Description of Popular Bible Translations". American Bible Society. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  4. ^ The Canons of the General Convention of the Episcopal Church: Canon 2: Of Translations of the Bible at the Wayback Machine (archived 2015-06-16)
  5. ^ Versions of Scripture at the Wayback Machine (archived 2011-11-14)
  6. ^ "List of Bible Versions Approved by the House of Bishops for use in Public Worship in the Anglican Church of Canada, on Recommendation from the Doctrine and Worship Committee" (PDF). anglican.ca. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  7. ^ Suggs, Sakenfeld & Mueller 1992, p. xvii.

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit