Revilo P. Oliver
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Revilo Pendleton Oliver (July 7, 1908 – August 20, 1994) was an American professor of Classical philology, Spanish, and Italian at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. After World War II, he published in American Opinion, becoming known as a polemicist for white supremacist and right-wing causes.
Revilo P. Oliver
Revilo P. Oliver in 1963
|Born||Revilo Pendleton Oliver|
July 7, 1908
Corpus Christi, Texas
|Died||August 20, 1994 (aged 86)|
|Subject||American conservatism, politics, anti-communism, religion|
Oliver also briefly attracted national notoriety in the 1960s when he published an article after the President John F. Kennedy assassination, suggesting that Lee Harvey Oswald was part of a Soviet conspiracy against the United States. He was called to testify before the Warren Commission investigating the murder.
Revilo Pendleton Oliver was born in 1908 near Corpus Christi, Texas. He attended two years of high school in Illinois. Disliking the severe winters, and once requiring hospitalization "for one of the first mastoidectomies performed as more than a daring experiment", he relocated to California, where he studied Sanskrit. He used Max Müller's handbooks and Monier Williams' grammar, later finding a Hindu missionary to tutor him.
As an adolescent, he found amusement in watching evangelists "pitch the woo at the simple-minded", attending performances of Aimee Semple McPherson and Katherine Tingley. He entered Pomona College in Claremont, California, when he was sixteen.
In 1930, Oliver married Grace Needham. He returned to Illinois, where he attended the University of Illinois and studied under William Abbott Oldfather. His first book was an annotated translation, from the Sanskrit, of Mricchakatika (The Little Clay Cart), published by the University of Illinois in 1938. He received his PhD in 1940. That same year, the University published his Ph.D. thesis: Niccolò Perotti's Translations of the Enchiridion, which was republished in 1954 as Niccolo Perotti's Version of the Enchiridion of Epictetus.
During World War II Oliver said that he worked at an unnamed War Department agency from 1942 until the autumn of 1945, writing, "By good luck, I found myself in charge of a rapidly expanding department, and ...responsible for the work of c. 175 persons."
Oliver left Washington, D.C. in 1945. He returned to the University of Illinois as an Assistant Professor, became an Associate Professor in 1947, and Professor in 1953. He published little in the academic press but later became known for politically conservative articles expressing anti-Semitism and white supremacy.
In November 1955, William F. Buckley, a graduate of Yale, founded the National Review, a magazine to express a conservative viewpoint. Buckley would claim that he worked to increase conservatism's respectability, prohibiting publication by anti-Semites or extremists such as Oliver, but he employed Oliver, his "close friend", as a book reviewer for the National Review for many years before finally breaking with him over his 1964 article on the Kennedy assassination.
In 1958, Oliver joined Robert W. Welch, Jr. as one of the founding members of the conservative, anti-Communist John Birch Society. Oliver wrote frequently for the Birch Society magazine American Opinion. In 1962, Buckley repudiated Welch and the "Birchers", saying they were "far removed from common sense" and urging the GOP to purge itself of Welch's influence.
Oliver attracted attention from his university and the media by his two-part article called "Marxmanship in Dallas", published in February 1964 after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. He said that Lee Harvey Oswald had carried out the murder as part of a Communist conspiracy; and that the Communists wanted to kill Kennedy, whom Oliver described as a puppet who had outlived his usefulness. His comments were reported by the New York Times. In March 1964, the Los Angeles Times reported that Oliver had been reprimanded by the University of Illinois' Board of Trustees for his remarks, but was allowed to keep his position. Oliver testified in the fall of that year before the Warren Commission.
In the 1960s, Oliver broke with American conservatism. Having become convinced that Welch had either tricked him or sold out to Zionist interests, he objected to what he called "the Birch hoax." He was "forced to resign" from the Society.
Oliver moved further right, working with William Luther Pierce in 1970 to form the National Youth Alliance, a white nationalist organization. Pierce later wrote The Turner Diaries, a 1978 novel about a race war and overthrow of the United States government.
Oliver was an editorial adviser for the Institute for Historical Review, an organization devoted primarily to Holocaust denial. He was also a regular contributor to Liberty Bell magazine but received no mainstream notice.
Later years and deathEdit
Oliver retired in 1977. In 1994, suffering from leukemia and severe emphysema, he committed suicide at the age of 86 in Urbana, Illinois. His estate arranged to publish several works posthumously through Historical Review Press and Liberty Bell, as well as to attend to the needs of his wife Grace in her declining years.
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Oliver believed that religion was one of the major weaknesses of his nation and civilization. In a 1990 article, he characterized Christianity as "a spiritual syphilis" that "has rotted the minds of our race and induced paralysis of our will to live."
Name and pseudonymsEdit
"Revilo P. Oliver" is a palindrome—a phrase that reads the same backwards and forwards. One of his articles was denounced as a fraud because readers thought his palindromic name was suspect. Oliver said his name had been given to first sons in his family for six generations.
He used the pen names "Ralph Perier" (for The Jews Love Christianity and Religion and Race) and "Paul Knutson" (for Aryan Asses). Oliver is sometimes credited as the author of the Introduction (credited to Willis Carto) to Francis Parker Yockey's Imperium.
- The Little Clay Cart. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1938
- Niccolò Perotti's translations of the Enchiridion. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1940 [reedited 1954]
- History and Biology, Griff Press, 1963
- All America Must Know the Terror that Is Upon Us. Bakersfield, Calif.: Conservative Viewpoint, 1966 [Reedy, W. Va.: Liberty Bell, 1975]
- Conspiracy or Degeneracy?, Power Products, 1967
- Christianity and the Survival of the West. Cape Canaveral: Howard Allen, 1978
- America's Decline: The Education of a Conservative. London: Londinium Press, 1981
- The Enemy of Our Enemies, Liberty Bell Publications, 1981, reedited 2003
- "Populism" and "Elitism", Liberty Bell Publications, 1982
- The Yellow Peril, Liberty Bell Publications, 1983, reedited 2005
- The Origins of Christianity, Historical Review Press, 1994
- Reflections on the Christ Myth, Historical Review Press, 1994
- The Origins of Christianity, Historical Review Press, 2001
- The Jewish Strategy, Palladian Books, 2002
- Against the Grain, Liberty Bell Publications, 2004
- Nesta, Bevan (22 Sep 2009), "The Forgotten Conservative", Taki's Magazine
- Warren Commission Hearings, XV, Nov 1964, p. 709
- Oliver, Revilo P. (2002), The Jewish Strategy, Earlysville, Virginia: Kevin Alfred Strom, p. v
- Oliver 2002, p. vi.
- Ferguson, John (Nov 1957), "Review of Books: Niccolo Perotti's Version of the Enchiridion of Epictetus, edited with an introduction and a list of Perotti's writings", The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 77 (1): 173-4, doi:10.2307/628666
- Oliver 2002, p. vi-vii.
- Buckley, William F., Jr. (19 Nov 1955), "Our Mission Statement", National Review, archived from the original on 3 Mar 2008
- Gordon, David (Apr 1992), "In Search of Buckley's 'Hypersensitivity to Anti-Semitism'", The Rothbard-Rockwell Report, III (4), p. 4
- Buckley, William F., Jr. (Mar 2008), "Goldwater, the John Birch Society, and Me", Commentary, archived from the original on 8 Mar 2008, retrieved 9 Mar 2008
- Oliver, Revilo P. (Feb 1964). "Marxmanship in Dallas". American Opinion. Retrieved 1 Sep 2006.
- "Professor Censured for Attack on Kennedy", Los Angeles Times, p. 11, 19 Mar 1964
- Connor, Claire (2013), Wrapped in the Flag: A Personal History of America's Radical Right, Beacon Press, pp. 40–43, 99, 191, and ch. 6, footnote #11
- "What is the National Alliance?", National Alliance, retrieved 29 Apr 2019
- "Extremism in America: The Turner Diaries", Anti-Defamation League, retrieved 29 Apr 2019
- Oliver 2002, p. vii.
- Oliver, Revilo P. (Nov 1990), "A Cringing Lord", Liberty Bell, retrieved 1 Sep 2006
- Oliver 2002, p. v: "My first name, an obvious palindrome, has been the burden of the eldest or only son for six generations."
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Revilo P. Oliver|
- Revilo P. Oliver at the Database of Classical Scholars
- Works by or about Revilo P. Oliver at Internet Archive
- Works by Revilo P. Oliver, at JSTOR
- Works by Revilo P. Oliver, at Unz.org
- Revilo P. Oliver, the life and works of a great American writer and thinker a collection of Oliver's writing authorized by his estate.