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Revelation 17 is the seventeenth chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle,[1][2] but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate.[3] This chapter describes the judgment of the Whore of Babylon ("Babylon the Harlot").[4]

Revelation 17
Papyrus 47 Rev 13,16-14.4.jpg
Revelation 13:16-14:4 on Papyrus 47 from the third century.
BookBook of Revelation
CategoryApocalypse
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part27

Contents

TextEdit

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 18 verses.

Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:

Note: The Book of Revelation is missing from Codex Vaticanus.[5]

Verse 1Edit

Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and talked with me, saying [to me], “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters,"[6]

German theologian Johann Gottfried Eichhorn suggested that the first of the seven angels with the seven bowls is intended: Greek: εἱς is equivalent to Greek: πρῶτος. Heinrich Meyer disagrees: "It is in no way to be conjectured which of the vial-angels it was".[7] The words "to me" do not appear in Codex Alexandrinus or in the Vulgate translation.[8]

Verse 5Edit

 
A 1523 woodcut by Hans Burgkmair, for Martin Luther's translation of the New Testament, depicting the Whore of Babylon riding the seven-headed Beast (a hand-coloured copy)
And on her forehead a name was written:
MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT,
THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS
AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS
OF THE EARTH.[9]

The King James Version, New King James Version, and Young's Literal Translation (1862) include the word 'mystery' (or 'secret' - YLT) within her title, but in many other English translations the word is descriptive of the name: "a name that has a secret meaning" (Good News Bible).[10]

Verse 16Edit

And the ten horns which you saw on the beast, these will hate the harlot, make her desolate and naked, eat her flesh and burn her with fire.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Davids, Peter H (1982). I Howard Marshall and W Ward Gasque (ed.). New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
  2. ^ Evans, Craig A (2005). Craig A Evans (ed.). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
  3. ^ F. L. Cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), 45
  4. ^ Bauckham 2007, p. 1289.
  5. ^ Claremont Coptic Encyclopaedia, Codex Vaticanus, accessed 29 September 2018
  6. ^ Revelation 17:1 NKJV
  7. ^ Meyer, H., Meyer's NT Commentary on Revelation 17, accessed 3 December 2018
  8. ^ Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary on Revelation 17, accessed 3 December 2018
  9. ^ Revelation 17:5 NKJV
  10. ^ Revelation 17:5: Good News Translation
  11. ^ Revelation 17:16 NKJV

BibliographyEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gill, John. Exposition of the Entire Bible (1746-1763).

External linksEdit