Reutte (German: [ˈʁɔʏtə] (About this soundlisten); Swabian: Raete) is a market town in the Austrian state of Tyrol. It is the administrative center of the Reutte district (Districts of Austria). Reutte is located on the Lech, and has a population of 6704 (as of 2018).

Reutte
Raete  (Swabian)
Reutte Tirol.jpg
Coat of arms of Reutte
Location in Tyrol
Location in Tyrol
Reutte is located in Austria
Reutte
Reutte
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°29′00″N 10°43′00″E / 47.48333°N 10.71667°E / 47.48333; 10.71667Coordinates: 47°29′00″N 10°43′00″E / 47.48333°N 10.71667°E / 47.48333; 10.71667
CountryAustria
StateTyrol
DistrictReutte
Government
 • MayorAlois Oberer (Leben in Reutte)
Area
 • Total100.92 km2 (38.97 sq mi)
Elevation
853 m (2,799 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total6,704
 • Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6600
Area code05672
Vehicle registrationRE
Websitewww.reutte.at

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

Adjacent municipalities and villages are: Breitenwang, Ehenbichl, Lechaschau and Pflach.

HistoryEdit

 
Church tower, Reutte Friary

Reutte is located on the Via Claudia Augusta, a Roman road leading from Italy to Germany. The Tyrolean Salt Road from Hall in Tirol to Lake Constance crossed the entire district of Außerfern.

Reutte (then Reuti) was declared a market town by Sigmund on June 5 1489. This was confirmed later by Maximilian I who also added some further rights.[3] The people of Reutte commemorate this with an annual festival on the first Saturday in August.

From 1692 the painter Paul Zeiller had a workshop in Reutte that later became an art school. His son, Johann Jakob Zeiller and adopted son, Franz Anton Zeiller, both received their first lessons there.

During the period when Austria belonged to Germany (1938 – 1945) there was an outpost of Dachau concentration camp near Reutte, called “Plansee Breitenwald”.[4] In April 1945, American troops of the 44th Infantry Division reached Reutte. The American soldiers had been told to expect heavy attacks but in fact there was no special resistance by Axis forces at all.[5] Reutte was the place where German engineers from Peenemünde surrendered to the United States Army on 3 May 1945, among them Wernher von Braun; all of them were later sent to Fort Bliss in the United States in order to work on the manufacturing of ballistic missiles and rockets, the most famous of which was the Saturn V in the sixties.

As Reutte is connected with other major parts of the Tyrol only by the Fern Pass, international transport and economic connections to the EU, especially to Germany, are becoming increasingly important.

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms of Reutte shows three fir trees on three hills, representing the abundance of available timber in the region. (The name "Reutte" has its origin in "roden" or "reuten" meaning glade). The background of red and white stripes stands for the state and the republic.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Reutte (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
18.1
(64.6)
23.0
(73.4)
25.0
(77.0)
29.0
(84.2)
33.8
(92.8)
35.1
(95.2)
32.5
(90.5)
30.0
(86.0)
26.0
(78.8)
22.9
(73.2)
18.7
(65.7)
35.1
(95.2)
Average high °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
4.6
(40.3)
8.2
(46.8)
11.6
(52.9)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
21.8
(71.2)
21.5
(70.7)
18.2
(64.8)
13.8
(56.8)
6.3
(43.3)
2.5
(36.5)
12.2
(54.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.6
(27.3)
−1.6
(29.1)
1.7
(35.1)
5.1
(41.2)
10.2
(50.4)
13.1
(55.6)
15.2
(59.4)
14.7
(58.5)
11.3
(52.3)
7.0
(44.6)
1.2
(34.2)
−1.7
(28.9)
6.1
(43.0)
Average low °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−5.6
(21.9)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.4
(32.7)
4.8
(40.6)
7.9
(46.2)
10.0
(50.0)
9.8
(49.6)
6.7
(44.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
−4.9
(23.2)
1.7
(35.1)
Record low °C (°F) −25.4
(−13.7)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−9.0
(15.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
−2.0
(28.4)
2.0
(35.6)
1.6
(34.9)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8.5
(16.7)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−25.4
(−13.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 75.9
(2.99)
77.1
(3.04)
92.5
(3.64)
95.1
(3.74)
121.9
(4.80)
176.5
(6.95)
185.7
(7.31)
170.2
(6.70)
111.5
(4.39)
85.9
(3.38)
98.4
(3.87)
85.4
(3.36)
1,376.1
(54.18)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 70.2
(27.6)
63.2
(24.9)
59.3
(23.3)
19.2
(7.6)
1.7
(0.7)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.5
(1.0)
43.7
(17.2)
63.9
(25.2)
323.7
(127.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.5 9.9 12.2 12.7 14.1 16.6 15.5 14.8 11.6 10.0 11.0 11.4 150.3
Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00) 72.1 63.1 56.5 56.1 54.8 57.7 58.1 59.2 60.2 60.6 70.7 76.4 62.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 105.5 107.0 140.7 153.8 191.3 170.0 186.0 186.5 163.3 139.3 92.8 81.2 1,717.4
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics[6]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18691,411—    
18801,470+4.2%
18901,495+1.7%
19001,576+5.4%
19101,924+22.1%
19231,966+2.2%
19342,400+22.1%
19392,476+3.2%
19513,478+40.5%
19614,285+23.2%
19715,113+19.3%
19815,132+0.4%
19915,306+3.4%
20015,719+7.8%
20065,797+1.4%
20115,912+2.0%
20146,210+5.0%
20186,708+8.0%

TourismEdit

Reutte is linked to Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Kempten, Allgäu by train services operated by Deutsche Bahn. Reutte is a popular holiday resort and its proximity to the famous Bavarian Castles and the Ehrenberg ruins make Reutte a cultural destination as well as a skiing destination.

Twin cityEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ Lipp Richard: Außerfern, Tyrolia Innsbruck 1994.
  4. ^ Onlineauftritt Gedenkstättenpädagogik Bayern Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Time (magazine)
  6. ^ "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971–2000 – Tirol-Reutte" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 12 October 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2019.

External linksEdit