Results of the 1891 New South Wales colonial election

New South Wales colonial election, 3 July 1891 [1]
Legislative Assembly
<< 18891894 >>

Enrolled voters
Votes cast 180,449 Turnout 64.40 +4.87
Informal votes 3,680 Informal 2.00 +0.28
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes % Swing Seats Change
  Protectionist 65,866 32.6 -18.8 52 −14
  Free Trade 65,850 32.6 −16.0 44 −27
  Labor 37,216 18.4 +18.4 35 +35
  Independent 21,595 10.7 +7.6 12 +8
  Ind. Free Trade 6,684 3.3 +3.3 4 +4
  Ind. Protectionist 3,627 1.8 +1.8 4 +4
  Independent Labor 759 0.4 +0.4 1 +1
  Independent 445 0.25 +0.25 1 +1
Total 202,042     141  

The 1891 New South Wales election was for 141 members representing 74 electoral districts. The election was conducted on the basis of a simple majority or first-past-the-post voting system. In this election there were 39 multi-member districts returning 106 members. In these multi-member districts each elector could vote for as many candidates as there were vacancies. 7 of the 35 single member districts were uncontested.[1] The average number of enrolled voters per seat was 2,166, ranging from Wilcannia (1,023) to Sturt (8,306).[2] Sturt was an anomaly, as enrolments had increased by 5,376 since the 1889 election,[3] and the next largest electorate was Canterbury (4,676).[2]

Election resultsEdit

AlburyEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Albury
Friday 19 June [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist John Wilkinson (elected) 670 63.0
Free Trade Luke Gulson 393 37.0
Total formal votes 0 100.0
Informal votes 1,063 0.0
Turnout 17 1.6
Protectionist hold  

ArgyleEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Argyle
Saturday 20 June [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Thomas Rose (elected 1) 1,162 26.8
Free Trade William Holborow (elected 2) 1,074 24.8
Protectionist Edward Graham 1,061 24.5
Free Trade Edward Ball 1,042 24.0
Total formal votes 4,339 99.6
Informal votes 19 0.4
Turnout 2,252 73.4
  Free Trade hold 2  

BalmainEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Balmain
Wednesday 17 June [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Johnston (elected 1) 3,146 13.8
Labour William Murphy (elected 2) 2,905 12.8
Labour George Clark (elected 3) 2,525 11.1
Labour Edward Darnley (elected 4) 2,518 11.1
Protectionist Solomon Hyam 2,055 9.0
Free Trade John Hawthorne 1,820 8.0
Free Trade Jacob Garrard 1,806 7.9
Free Trade George Clubb 1,734 7.6
Free Trade Frank Smith 1,269 5.6
Protectionist Angus Mackey 1,080 4.7
Protectionist Samuel Davison 737 3.2
Ind. Free Trade Robert Cropley 660 2.9
Protectionist William Burns 527 2.3
Total formal votes 22,782 98.5
Informal votes 339 1.5
Turnout 6,932 70.8
  Labour gain 4 from Free Trade

BalranaldEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Balranald
Monday 29 June [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Newton (elected 1) 828 30.5
Free Trade Robert Wilkinson (elected 2) 705 26.0
Protectionist Allen Lakeman 650 23.9
Protectionist A L P Cameron 532 19.6
Total formal votes 2,715 99.2
Informal votes 22 0.8
Turnout 1,639 43.2
  Labour gain 1 from Protectionist
  Free Trade hold 1

BathurstEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Bathurst
Wednesday 17 June [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Francis Suttor (elected) 789 51.8
Free Trade William Paul (defeated) 733 48.2
Total formal votes 1,522 99.1
Informal votes 14 0.9
Turnout 1,536 75.9
Protectionist gain from Free Trade  

The BoganEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Bogan
Monday 29 June [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Morgan (elected 1) 2,286 23.1
Protectionist George Cass (elected 2) 1,731 17.5
Free Trade Robert Booth (elected 3) 1,517 15.4
Free Trade William A'Beckett (defeated) 1,158 11.7
Labour John Prince 1,011 10.2
Protectionist William Wilkinson 942 9.5
Protectionist Tottenham Richardson 843 8.5
Free Trade Francis Conder 392 4.0
Total formal votes 9,880 99.1
Informal votes 88 0.9
Turnout 3,648 59.8
  Labour gain 1 from Protectionist  
  Protectionist hold 1
  Free Trade hold 1

BoorowaEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Boorowa
Wednesday 24 June [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Thomas Slattery (re-elected) 509 66.0
Free Trade Albert Middleton 245 31.8
Protectionist Malcolm Burns 17 2.2
Total formal votes 771 98.2
Informal votes 14 1.8
Turnout 785 63.2
Protectionist hold  

BourkeEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Bourke
Friday 3 July [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Labour Hugh Langwell (elected 1) 2,089 23.9
Protectionist William Willis (elected 2) 1,886 21.6
Protectionist James Howe (elected 3) 1,725 19.7
Protectionist Thomas Waddell (defeated) 1,125 12.9
Free Trade Edward Millen 942 10.8
Protectionist William Davis 869 10.0
Protectionist Austin O'Grady 102 1.2
Total formal votes 8,738 99.1
Informal votes 81 0.9
Turnout 3,256 49.8
  Independent Labour gain 1 from Protectionist  
  Protectionist hold 2

BraidwoodEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Braidwood
Wednesday 24 June [12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Austin Chapman (elected) 586 60.0
Free Trade George Tompsitt 230 23.6
Protectionist Alexander Ryrie 160 16.4
Total formal votes 976 97.8
Informal votes 22 2.2
Turnout 998 53.4
Protectionist hold  

CamdenEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Camden
Saturday 20 June [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade William McCourt (re-elected 1) 2,316 23.2
Protectionist John Kidd (re-elected 2) 1,983 19.9
Free Trade William Cullen (elected 3) 1,321 13.2
Free Trade John Morris 1,289 12.9
Protectionist John Walters 1,164 11.7
Ind. Free Trade John Campbell 925 9.3
Protectionist William Richardson 705 7.1
Protectionist James Hanrahan 288 2.9
Total formal votes 9,991 98.9
Informal votes 107 1.1
Turnout 3,809 65.5
  Free Trade hold 2  
  Protectionist hold 1

CanterburyEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Canterbury
Wednesday 17 June [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Joseph Carruthers (re-elected 1) 7,231 19.81
Labour Thomas Bavister (elected 2) 4,449 12.19
Labour Cornelius Danahey (elected 3) 4,375 11.99
Free Trade John Wheeler (re-elected 4) 4,349 11.92
Ind. Free Trade James Eve 4,344 11.90
Labour John Grant 3,857 10.57
Free Trade Griffith Russell-Jones 3,690 10.11
Free Trade William Henson 2,787 7.64
Protectionist William Webster 1,417 3.88
Total formal votes 36,499 99.32
Informal votes 250 0.68
Turnout 10,279 54.96
  Labour gain 2 from Free Trade
  Free Trade hold 2

The Elections and Qualifications Committee conducted a re-count in September 1891 which overturned the election of John Wheeler and declared that James Eve had been elected.[14][15]

CarcoarEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Carcoar
Friday 19 June [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Denis Donnelly (elected 1) 1,124 25.9
Free Trade Charles Jeanneret (elected 2) 1,110 25.6
Free Trade John Plumb 1,103 25.4
Protectionist Alfred Fremlin 921 21.2
Protectionist Ezekiel Baker 81 1.9
Total formal votes 4,339 98.8
Informal votes 51 1.2
Turnout 2,327 63.2
  Protectionist gain 1 from Free Trade
  Free Trade hold 1

The ClarenceEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Clarence
Friday 19 June [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist John McFarlane (re-elected) unopposed  
Protectionist hold  

Central CumberlandEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Central Cumberland
Wednesday 17 June [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Frank Farnell (Re-elected 1) 2,850 15.8
Free Trade Robert Ritchie (Re-elected 2) 2,491 13.8
Free Trade John Nobbs (Re-elected 3) 2,435 13.5
Free Trade David Dale (Re-elected 4) 1,978 11.0
Labour John Gannon 1,614 9.0
Protectionist Cyrus Fuller 1,449 8.0
Labour John Marshall 1,389 7.7
Protectionist Walter Airey 1,092 6.1
Ind. Free Trade Thomas Taylor 1,016 5.6
Ind. Free Trade John Forsyth 964 5.4
Ind. Free Trade John Ferguson 740 4.1
Total formal votes 18,018 99.1
Informal votes 163 0.9
Turnout 5,744 57.9
  Free Trade hold 4  

DurhamEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Durham
Saturday 27 June [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Herbert Brown (re-elected) 662 56.3
Protectionist William Donnelly 289 24.6
Protectionist James Boydell 224 19.1
Total formal votes 1,175 97.8
Informal votes 26 2.2
Turnout 1,201 68.6
Free Trade hold  

East MacquarieEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: East Macquarie
Friday 19 June [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Sydney Smith (elected 1) 961 37.8
Free Trade James Tonkin (elected 2) 893 35.1
Protectionist Alfred Hales 688 27.1
Total formal votes 2,542 99.5
Informal votes 12 0.5
Turnout 1,621 62.4
  Free Trade hold 2  

East MaitlandEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: East Maitland
Wednesday 17 June [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade James Brunker (re-elected) 632 77.9
Protectionist John Rigg 179 22.1
Total formal votes 811 98.5
Informal votes 12 1.5
Turnout 823 62.1
Free Trade hold  

East SydneyEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: East Sydney
Wednesday 17 June [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade William McMillan (re-elected 1) 3,713 19.2
Protectionist Edmund Barton (elected 2) 3,535 18.3
Free Trade Varney Parkes (elected 3) 3,343 17.3
Ind. Free Trade George Reid (re-elected 4) 2,946 15.2
Protectionist William Manning 2,260 11.7
Labour William Grantham 2,241 11.6
Protectionist Walter Bradley 1,328 6.9
Total formal votes 19,366 99.7
Informal votes 65 0.3
Turnout 6,475 64.5
  Free Trade hold 2
  Protectionist hold 1
  Member changed to Ind. Free Trade from Free Trade

Walter Bradley (Protectionist) won a seat at the 1891 East Sydney by-election and Edmund Barton (Protectionist) held it at this election. George Reid whilst a Free Trader, did not support the Free Trade government of Sir Henry Parkes.[22]

EdenEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Eden
Wednesday 24 June [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Henry Clarke (elected 1) 1,079 30.3
Protectionist James Garvan (elected 2) 1,021 28.7
Free Trade William Neilley 603 17.0
Ind. Protectionist William Boot 510 14.3
Ind. Protectionist Richard Crabb 344 9.7
Total formal votes 3,557 97.5
Informal votes 90 2.5
Turnout 2,690 72.4
  Protectionist hold 2  

ForbesEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Forbes
Wednesday 24 June [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Albert Gardiner (elected 1) 1,030 27.9
Labour George Hutchinson (elected 2) 1,027 27.8
Free Trade Henry Cooke (defeated) 866 23.5
Protectionist Joseph Reymond 769 20.8
Total formal votes 3,692 99.2
Informal votes 29 0.8
Turnout 2,200 61.3
  Labour gain 1 from Protectionist and gain 1 from Free Trade  

The GlebeEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Glebe
Wednesday 17 June [25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Bruce Smith (re-elected 1) 1,479 23.7
Labour Thomas Houghton (elected 2) 1,472 23.6
Protectionist Michael Conlon 1,383 22.2
Free Trade Michael Chapman 1,112 17.9
Ind. Free Trade John Meeks 581 9.3
Ind. Free Trade Fred Walsh 202 3.2
Total formal votes 6,229 98.9
Informal votes 68 1.1
Turnout 3,750 78.9
  Free Trade hold 1  
  Labour gain 1 from Free Trade

Glen InnesEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Glen Innes
Saturday 27 June [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Francis Wright (re-elected 1) 877 33.7
Protectionist Alexander Hutchison (re-elected 2) 747 28.7
Free Trade George Simpson 506 19.4
Protectionist Christopher Legh 474 18.2
Total formal votes 2,604 98.8
Informal votes 31 1.2
Turnout 1,593 59.0
  Protectionist hold 2  

GloucesterEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Gloucester
Saturday 27 June [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade John Hart (elected) 613 52.5
Protectionist Richard Price 555 47.5
Total formal votes 1,168 99.5
Informal votes 6 0.5
Turnout 1,174 70.6
Free Trade hold  

The sitting member, Jonathan Seaver (Free Trade), unsuccessfully contested St Leonards because of his opposition to the leadership of Sir Henry Parkes.[27]

GoulburnEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Goulburn
Wednesday 17 June [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Leslie Hollis (elected) 823 47.9
Free Trade Frederick Furner 431 25.1
Protectionist Albert Lansdowne 396 23.0
Labour Aiden Doyle 69 4.0
Total formal votes 1,719 98.5
Informal votes 26 1.5
Turnout 1,745 68.4
Labour gain from Free Trade  

GraftonEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Grafton
Thursday 18 June [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist John See (re-elected) unopposed  
Protectionist hold  

GrenfellEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Grenfell
Saturday 27 June [30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Robert Vaughn (elected) 593 47.1
Free Trade George Greene (defeated) 379 30.1
Free Trade Thomas Bembrick 227 18.0
Protectionist James Gibson 59 4.7
Total formal votes 1,258 98.5
Informal votes 19 1.5
Turnout 1,277 62.2
Labour gain from Free Trade  

GundagaiEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Gundagai
Saturday 27 June [31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist John Barnes (elected) 887 62.2
Free Trade Henry Deakin 540 37.8
Total formal votes 1,427 97.6
Informal votes 35 2.4
Turnout 1,462 64.1
Protectionist hold  

GunnedahEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Gunnedah
Saturday 27 June [32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Kirkpatrick (elected) 659 54.9
Protectionist Thomas Browne 407 33.9
Protectionist Michael Burke 76 6.3
Protectionist Robert Doolan 58 4.8
Total formal votes 1,200 96.5
Informal votes 43 3.5
Turnout 1,243 53.6
Labour gain from Free Trade  

The GwydirEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Gwydir
Friday 3 July [33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Thomas Hassall (elected) 841 56.4
Labour Leonard Court 649 43.6
Total formal votes 1,490 97.1
Informal votes 45 2.9
Turnout 1,535 52.3
Protectionist hold  

HartleyEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Hartley
Saturday 20 June [34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph Cook (elected 1) 1,049 31.5
Free Trade George Donald (elected 2) 699 21.0
Free Trade John Hurley 614 18.5
Protectionist Evan Jones 485 14.6
Free Trade Charles Passmore 231 6.9
Free Trade John Tabrett 153 4.6
Independent Thomas Richardson 97 2.9
Total formal votes 3,328 99.3
Informal votes 22 0.7
Turnout 1,822 60.3
  Labour win 1 (1 new seat)
  Free Trade hold 1

The Hastings and ManningEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Hastings and Manning
Saturday 20 June [35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade James Young (elected 1) 1,246 25.4
Protectionist Hugh McKinnon (elected 2) 1,236 25.2
Free Trade Walter Vivian 1,231 25.1
Protectionist John Ruthven 1,198 24.4
Total formal votes 4,911 100.0
Informal votes 0 0.0
Turnout 2,470 72.8
  Free Trade hold 1  
  Protectionist gain 1 from Free Trade

The HawkesburyEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Hawkesbury
Wednesday 17 June [36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Alexander Bowman (elected) 883 51.2
Free Trade William Morgan 841 48.8
Total formal votes 1,724 98.5
Informal votes 26 1.5
Turnout 1,750 66.9
Free Trade hold  

The HumeEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Hume
Tuesday 30 June [37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist William Lyne (elected 1) 1,240 36.6
Protectionist James Hayes (elected 2) 1,175 34.7
Free Trade Walter Harper 448 13.2
Protectionist John O'Brien 428 12.6
Protectionist Sidney Lindeman 99 2.9
Total formal votes 3,390 98.9
Informal votes 39 1.1
Turnout 1,889 59.1
  Protectionist hold 2  

The HunterEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Hunter
Friday 19 June [38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Robert Scobie (elected) 677 49.6
Protectionist James Pritchard 455 33.4
Protectionist John Connelly 232 17.0
Total formal votes 1,364 98.0
Informal votes 28 2.0
Turnout 1,392 70.3
Free Trade hold  

IllawarraEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Illawarra
Wednesday 24 June [39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Nicholson (elected 1) 1,180 35.7
Protectionist Andrew Lysaght Sr. (elected 2) 799 24.2
Free Trade Archibald Campbell 669 20.2
Free Trade Thomas Bissell 463 14.0
Free Trade Frederick Franklin 195 5.9
Total formal votes 3,306 99.5
Informal votes 16 0.5
Turnout 2,570 78.5
  Labour gain 1 from Free Trade
  Protectionist gain 1 from Free Trade

InverellEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Inverell
Saturday, 20 June [40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist George Cruickshank unopposed  
Protectionist hold  

KiamaEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Kiama
Friday 19 June [41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade George Fuller (elected) 894 69.0
Protectionist Thomas Kennedy 402 31.0
Total formal votes 1,296 97.8
Informal votes 29 2.2
Turnout 1,325 71.7
Free Trade hold  

The MacleayEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Macleay
Monday 22 June [42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Ind. Protectionist Otho Dangar (re-elected 1) 1,042 27.7
Protectionist Patrick Hogan (re-elected 2) 761 20.2
Protectionist John McLaughlin 721 19.2
Protectionist E Rudder 683 18.1
Protectionist L Boshell 558 14.8
Total formal votes 3,765 99.5
Informal votes 21 0.6
Turnout 2,225 70.7
  Protectionist hold 1
  Member changed to Ind. Protectionist from Protectionist

Otho Dangar whilst a Protectionist, supported the Free Trade government of Sir Henry Parkes.[42]

MolongEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Molong
Monday 29 June [43]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Andrew Ross (re-elected) 844 62.4
Labour Cornelius Lindsay 319 23.6
Free Trade John Hurley 189 14.0
Total formal votes 1,352 97.5
Informal votes 35 2.5
Turnout 1,387 65.2
Protectionist hold  

MonaroEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Monaro
Tuesday 30 June [44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Henry Dawson (re-elected 1) 1,117 30.9
Protectionist Gus Miller (re-elected 2) 1,103 30.5
Free Trade Daniel O'Connor 800 22.1
Protectionist Charles Welch 595 16.5
Total formal votes 3,615 99.5
Informal votes 18 0.5
Turnout 2,033 59.8
  Protectionist hold 2  

MorpethEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Morpeth
Wednesday 17 June [45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist John Bowes (elected) 509 53.6
Free Trade William Arnold 357 37.6
Protectionist John Courtney 50 5.3
Free Trade Malcolm Martin 33 3.5
Total formal votes 949 98.4
Informal votes 15 1.6
Turnout 964 75.4
Protectionist hold  

MudgeeEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Mudgee
Monday 22 June [46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Ind. Free Trade John Haynes (re-elected 1) 1,521 21.0
Protectionist William Wall (re-elected 2) 1,343 18.5
Ind. Free Trade Robert Jones (elected 3) 1,290 17.8
Free Trade Reginald Black 1,218 16.8
Protectionist George Waldron 1,049 14.5
Labour James Cook 836 11.5
Total formal votes 7,257 99.6
Informal votes 27 0.4
Turnout 2,797 68.5
  Member changed to Ind. Free Trade from Free Trade  
  Protectionist hold 1
  Ind. Free Trade gain 1 from Free Trade

John Haynes and Robert Jones whilst Free Traders, did not support the Free Trade government of Sir Henry Parkes.[46]

The MurrayEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Murray
Monday 29 June [47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist John Chanter (elected 1) 956 39.1
Protectionist Robert Barbour (elected 2) 918 37.5
Free Trade George Chandler 573 23.4
Total formal votes 2,447 99.3
Informal votes 17 0.7
Turnout 1,473 48.9
  Protectionist hold 2  

The MurrumbidgeeEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Murrumbidgee
Monday 29 June [48]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist James Gormly (re-elected 1) 2,718 29.6
Labour Arthur Rae (elected 2) 2,265 24.7
Protectionist George Dibbs (re-elected 3) 1,790 19.5
Protectionist Patrick Heffernan 1,117 12.2
Protectionist David Copland (defeated) 690 7.5
Free Trade John Peadon 603 6.6
Total formal votes 9,183 99.5
Informal votes 50 0.5
Turnout 3,975 52.3
  Protectionist hold 2  
  Labour gain 1 from Protectionist

The NamoiEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Namoi
Friday 26 June [49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Job Sheldon (elected 1) 995 39.5
Free Trade Charles Collins (re-elected 2) 825 32.8
Free Trade John Mackay 697 27.7
Total formal votes 2,517 99.6
Informal votes 11 0.4
Turnout 1,660 51.6
  Labour win 1 (1 new seat)
  Member changed to Free Trade from Protectionist

The NepeanEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Nepean
Wednesday 17 June [50]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Samuel Lees (re-elected) 1,079 55.8
Protectionist Thomas Smith 856 44.2
Total formal votes 1,935 99.4
Informal votes 11 0.6
Turnout 1,946 72.2
Free Trade hold  

NewcastleEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Newcastle
Wednesday 17 June [51]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Scott (elected 1) 2,912 18.5
Labour John Fegan (elected 2) 2,882 18.3
Protectionist William Grahame (re-elected 3) 2,707 17.2
Protectionist Alexander Brown 2,533 16.1
Free Trade James Curley (defeated) 2,504 15.9
Protectionist Thomas Hungerford 1,273 8.1
Free Trade George Webb 910 5.8
Total formal votes 15,721 99.1
Informal votes 141 0.9
Turnout 5,979 76.9
  Labour gain 2 from Protectionist
  Protectionist hold 1

James Curley (Free Trade) had won a seat from William Grahame (Protectionist) at the 1889 by-election. William Grahame regained a seat at the 1891 by-election following the death of James Fletcher (Protectionist).

New EnglandEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: New England
Thursday 25 June [52]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade James Inglis (re-elected 1) 1,731 19.5
Protectionist Henry Copeland (re-elected 2) 1,563 17.6
Free Trade Edmund Lonsdale (elected 3) 1,544 17.4
Protectionist Charles Wilson 1,399 15.7
Free Trade George Meallin 1,353 15.2
Protectionist William Proctor 1,311 14.7
Total formal votes 8,901 99.5
Informal votes 42 0.5
Turnout 3,247 60.8
  Free Trade hold 1, win 1 (1 new seat)
  Protectionist hold 1

NewtownEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Newtown
Wednesday 17 June [53]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Francis Cotton (elected 1) 2,572 14.1
Labour John Hindle (elected 2) 2,411 13.2
Free Trade Joseph Abbott (re-elected 3) 2,173 11.9
Free Trade Edmund Molesworth (re-elected 4) 2,136 11.7
Free Trade John Salmon 1,576 8.6
Free Trade Nicholas Hawken (defeated) 1,488 8.1
Protectionist Richard Bellemey 1,400 7.7
Protectionist Wilfred Blacket 1,353 7.4
Independent Thomas Midelton 1,327 7.3
Protectionist James Smith 1,098 6.0
Ind. Free Trade Marcus Clark 759 4.2
Total formal votes 18,293 99.2
Informal votes 140 0.8
Turnout 5,555 68.1
  Labour win 1, gain 1 from Free Trade (1 new seat)
  Free Trade hold 2

NorthumberlandEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Northumberland
Wednesday 24 June [54]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Thomas Walker (re-elected 1) 3,686 26.2
Protectionist Ninian Melville (re-elected 2) 2,892 20.5
Labour Alfred Edden (elected 3) 2,879 20.4
Labour James Thompson 2,551 18.1
Protectionist Joseph Creer (defeated) 2,089 14.8
Total formal votes 14,097 99.6
Informal votes 52 0.4
Turnout 5,396 72.5
  Protectionist hold 2
  Labour gain 1 from Protectionist

OrangeEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Orange
Saturday 20 June [55]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Newman (elected 1) 1,073 26.7
Protectionist James Torpy (re-elected 2) 1,045 26.0
Protectionist Thomas Dalton (defeated) 1,036 25.8
Labour Patrick Bourke 860 21.4
Total formal votes 4,014 99.3
Informal votes 28 0.7
Turnout 2,168 70.1
  Labour gain 1 from Protectionist
  Protectionist hold 1

PaddingtonEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Paddington
Wednesday 17 June [56]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade John Neild (elected 1) 3,275 14.7
Ind. Free Trade Jack Want (re-elected 2) 3,092 13.9
Free Trade James Marks (elected 3) 2,776 12.5
Free Trade Alfred Allen (re-elected 4) 2,698 12.1
Labour George Dyson 2,604 11.7
Free Trade Robert King (defeated) 2,076 9.3
Free Trade Charles Hellmrich 1,667 7.5
Protectionist William Martin 1,552 7.0
Protectionist William Allen 1,353 6.1
Protectionist James Roberts 1,162 5.2
Total formal votes 22,255 99.1
Informal votes 192 0.9
Turnout 7,115 68.4
  Free Trade hold 3
  Member changed to Ind. Free Trade from Free Trade

Jack Want whilst a Free Trader, did not support the Free Trade government of Sir Henry Parkes.[56]

ParramattaEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Parramatta
Wednesday 17 June [57]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Hugh Taylor (re-elected) 664 41.2 -31.5
Protectionist William Ferris 489 30.3 +3.0
Free Trade Tom Moxham 459 28.5 +28.5
Total formal votes 1,612 98.6 +0.6
Informal votes 23 1.4 -0.6
Turnout 1,635 75.5 +12.2
Free Trade hold  

Patrick's PlainsEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Patrick's Plains
Friday 19 June [58]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Albert Gould (re-elected) 790 58.1
Protectionist Lissa, De Lissa 570 41.9
Total formal votes 1,360 99.3
Informal votes 10 0.7
Turnout 1,370 70.7
Free Trade hold  

QueanbeyanEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Queanbeyan
Wednesday 24 June [59]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Edward O'Sullivan (re-elected) 654 61.6
Free Trade Alfred Conroy 407 38.4
Total formal votes 1,061 98.2
Informal votes 20 1.9
Turnout 1,081 66.1
Protectionist hold  

RedfernEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Redfern
Wednesday 17 June [60]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Henry Hoyle (elected 1) 2,982 11.8
Protectionist William Schey (re-elected 2) 2,768 10.9
Labour James McGowen (elected 3) 2,712 10.7
Labour William Sharp (elected 4) 2,686 10.6
Protectionist James Howe (defeated) 2,632 10.4
Free Trade George Anderson 2,629 10.4
Free Trade William Stephen (defeated) 2,535 10.0
Free Trade William Manuell 2,279 9.0
Free Trade John Beveridge 2,184 8.6
Protectionist George Garton 1,240 4.9
Ind. Free Trade William Coombes 724 2.9
Total formal votes 25,371 99.1
Informal votes 219 0.9
Turnout 7,479 75.1
  Protectionist hold 2
  Labour gain 2 from Free Trade

The RichmondEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Richmond
Wednesday 24 June [61]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Ind. Protectionist Thomas Ewing (re-elected 1) 2,464 23.3
Ind. Protectionist Bruce Nicoll (re-elected 2) 2,109 20.0
Ind. Protectionist John Perry (re-elected 3) 1,965 18.6
Protectionist James Stock 1,621 15.4
Protectionist Samuel Northcote 930 8.8
Protectionist Richard Luscombe 836 7.9
Protectionist George Martin 632 6.0
Total formal votes 10,557 98.8
Informal votes 125 1.2
Turnout 3,989 55.8
  3 Members changed to Ind. Protectionist from Protectionist

Thomas Ewing, Bruce Nicoll and John Perry whilst Protectionists, supported the Free Trade government of Sir Henry Parkes.[61]

ShoalhavenEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Shoalhaven
Friday 19 June [62]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Philip Morton (re-elected) 1,268 60.3
Labour John Maclean 836 39.7
Total formal votes 2,104 98.2
Informal votes 39 1.8
Turnout 2,143 76.3
Free Trade hold  

St LeonardsEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: St Leonards
Wednesday 17 June [63]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Sir Henry Parkes (re-elected 1) 2,510 24.1
Free Trade Joseph Cullen (re-elected 2) 2,359 22.6
Labour Edward Clark (elected 3) 1,917 18.4
Free Trade John Burns (defeated) 1,808 17.3
Protectionist Francis Punch 1,345 12.9
Ind. Free Trade Jonathan Seaver (defeated) 494 4.7
Total formal votes 10,433 99.0
Informal votes 102 1.0
Turnout 4,532 61.4
  Free Trade hold 2  
  Labour gain 1 from Free Trade

Jonathan Seaver was the member for Gloucester, a staunch free trader who contested St Leonards because of his opposition to the leadership of Sir Henry Parkes.[63]

South SydneyEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: South Sydney
Wednesday 17 June [64]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist William Traill (re-elected 1) 2,917 12.0
Free Trade Bernhard Wise (elected 2) 2,808 11.5
Free Trade James Martin (re-elected 3) 2,729 11.2
Protectionist James Toohey (re-elected 4) 2,662 10.9
Protectionist Walter Edmunds (defeated) 2,553 10.5
Protectionist George Dibbs 2,510 10.3
Free Trade Edward Foxall 2,237 9.2
Free Trade John McDonagh 2,136 8.8
Labour Frederick Flowers 2,017 8.3
Labour W Higgs 1,805 7.4
Total formal votes 24,374 99.3
Informal votes 179 0.7
Turnout 6,754 68.5
  Protectionist hold 2  
  Free Trade hold 1, gain 1 from Protectionist

SturtEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Sturt
Saturday 20 June [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Cann (elected) unopposed  
Labour gain from Protectionist  

The sitting member for Sturt, Wyman Brown (Protectionist), did not contest the election.[3]

TamworthEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Tamworth
Wednesday 24 June [65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Robert Levien (re-elected 1) 916 28.7
Protectionist William Dowel (re-elected 2) 887 27.8
Labour Raymond Walsh 755 23.6
Free Trade William Tribe 637 19.9
Total formal votes 3,195 98.9
Informal votes 35 1.1
Turnout 2,074 52.2
  Protectionist hold 2  

TenterfieldEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Tenterfield
Tuesday 16 June [66]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Charles Lee (elected) unopposed  
Free Trade hold  

TumutEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Tumut
Wednesday 24 June [67]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Edward Brown (elected) 654 53.0
Protectionist Travers Jones (defeated) 581 47.0
Total formal votes 1,235 98.3
Informal votes 22 1.8
Turnout 1,257 68.4
Free Trade gain from Protectionist  

The Upper HunterEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: The Upper Hunter
Wednesday 24 June [68]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Williams (elected 1) 1,087 32.5
Protectionist Robert Fitzgerald (re-elected 2) 1,071 32.0
Protectionist William Abbott (defeated) 522 15.6
Free Trade John McElhone 496 14.8
Free Trade Frederick Morris 174 5.2
Total formal votes 3,350 99.4
Informal votes 19 0.6
Turnout 2,044 59.9
  Labour gain 1 from Protectionist
  Protectionist hold 1

WellingtonEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Wellington
Saturday 20 June [69]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Thomas York (re-elected) 448 38.5
Protectionist Thomas Quirk 383 32.9
Protectionist Michael O'Halloran 332 28.6
Total formal votes 1,163 98.7
Informal votes 15 1.3
Turnout 1,178 71.0
Protectionist hold  

WentworthEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Wentworth
Thursday 18 June [70]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Joseph Palmer Abbott (elected) unopposed  
Member changed to Independent from Protectionist  

Joseph Palmer Abbott had been elected as a Protectionist however on his appointment as Speaker in 1890 he was listed as an independent.

West MacquarieEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: West Macquarie
Saturday 20 June [71]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Paddy Crick (re-elected) 510 54.3
Free Trade Charles Boyd 429 45.7
Total formal votes 939 97.8
Informal votes 21 2.2
Turnout 960 74.9
Protectionist hold  

West MaitlandEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: West Maitland
Wednesday 17 June [72]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade John Gillies (elected) 670 52.7
Free Trade Richard Thompson (defeated) 459 36.1
Protectionist Hugh Lusk 143 11.2
Total formal votes 1,272 97.5
Informal votes 33 2.5
Turnout 1,305 80.2
Free Trade hold  

West SydneyEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: West Sydney
Wednesday 17 June [73]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John FitzGerald (elected 1) 4,174 15.8
Labour George Black (elected 2) 4,078 15.4
Labour Andrew Kelly (elected 3) 3,798 14.3
Labour Thomas Davis (elected 4) 2,730 10.3
Protectionist John Young 2,601 9.8
Free Trade Thomas Playfair (defeated) 2,535 9.6
Free Trade Daniel O'Connor (defeated) 2,493 9.4
Free Trade Francis Abigail (defeated) 2,326 8.8
Free Trade Frederick Woolcott-Waley 1,745 6.6
Total formal votes 26,480 99.8
Informal votes 66 0.3
Turnout 7,428 68.6
  Labour gain 3 from Free Trade and gain 1 from Independent

Adolphus Taylor (Independent) did not contest the election.

WilcanniaEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Wilcannia
Saturday 20 June [74]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Edward Dickens (re-elected) unopposed  
Protectionist hold  

WollombiEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Wollombi
Monday 29 June [75]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Richard Stevenson (re-elected) 795 72.8
Free Trade Joseph Gorrick 297 27.2
Total formal votes 1,092 98.2
Informal votes 20 1.8
Turnout 1,112 46.3
Protectionist hold  

Yass PlainsEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Yass Plains
Wednesday 24 June [76]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist Thomas Colls (re-elected) 709 56.7
Free Trade William Affleck 210 16.8
Protectionist Bernard Grogan 199 15.9
Labour Gustavus Herfort 132 10.6
Total formal votes 1,250 97.7
Informal votes 30 2.3
Turnout 1,280 56.9
Protectionist hold  

YoungEdit

1891 New South Wales colonial election: Young
Saturday 27 June [77]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour James Mackinnon (re-elected 1) 1,394 32.6
Labour John Gough (re-elected 2) 1,319 30.9
Free Trade James Gordon 903 21.1
Free Trade William Lucas 657 15.4
Total formal votes 4,273 98.9
Informal votes 48 1.1
Turnout 2,296 72.0
  2 Members changed to Labour from Protectionist

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ a b Green, Antony. "1891 Turnout". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Green, Antony. "1891 Sturt". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  4. ^ Green, Antony. "1891 Albury". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  5. ^ Green, Antony. "1891 Argyle". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  6. ^ Green, Antony. "1891 Balmain". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  7. ^ Green, Antony. "1891 Balranald". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
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  9. ^ Green, Antony. "1891 Bogan". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  10. ^ Green, Antony. "1891 Boorowa". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  11. ^ Green, Antony. "1891 Bourke". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
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  13. ^ Green, Antony. "1891 Camden". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  14. ^ a b Green, Antony. "1891 Canterbury". New South Wales Election Results 1856-2007. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Elections and Qualifications Committee: Canterbury". The Sydney Morning Herald. 3 September 1891. p. 3. Retrieved 29 September 2019 – via Trove.
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