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Reservoir (/ˈrɛzəvɔː/) is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 12 km north of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Darebin. At the 2016 Census, Reservoir had a population of 50,474. Reservoir is the largest suburb in Melbourne by land area.

Reservoir
MelbourneVictoria
Reservoir is located in Melbourne
Reservoir
Reservoir
Coordinates37°42′47″S 145°00′43″E / 37.713°S 145.012°E / -37.713; 145.012Coordinates: 37°42′47″S 145°00′43″E / 37.713°S 145.012°E / -37.713; 145.012
Population50,474 (2016)[1]
 • Density2,643/km2 (6,844/sq mi)
Postcode(s)3073
Area19.1 km2 (7.4 sq mi)
Location12 km (7 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s)City of Darebin
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)Cooper
Suburbs around Reservoir:
Campbellfield, Thomastown Thomastown Bundoora
Fawkner Reservoir Kingsbury
Coburg North Preston Heidelberg West

Reservoir is an established suburb with standard brick homes, weatherboard homes, and an increasing number of new developments. The region contains popular recreation areas and facilities, including Edwardes Lake and the Reservoir Leisure Centre, and is home to the Edwardes Street and Broadway shopping strips.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The land which became the suburb of Reservoir was first surveyed by Robert Hoddle in 1837 and was formed from parts of both the Jika Jika Parish and Keelbundoora Parish.[2]

The Rose Shamrock Hotel opened on Plenty Road in 1854.[3] Reservoir Post Office opened around 1921.[4] Reservoir became a suburb at this time with the name coming from the three water reservoirs first built in 1863.

The reservoirs were collectively known as Preston Reservoir, which continue to form part of the fresh water supplied to Melbourne’s inner and western suburbs.[5] Preston Reservoir No.1, on the west of High Street, was excavated in 1863-64 and the clay was used to form the surrounding embankments, with the base and sides lined with bluestone pitchers. The reservoir commenced supplying water in 1864. The Maroondah Aqueduct was built in 1886–1891 to supply water to the Preston Reservoir from a diversion weir on the Watts River, which was dammed in 1927 to form Maroondah Reservoir. Until 1881 Preston Reservoir was Melbourne’s only service reservoir. By 1884 it was determined that Preston Reservoir needed additional water storage and an area of approximately 11ha was purchased on the east side of High Street. Reservoirs No.2 and No.3 were constructed in 1909 and 1913 respectively. Eventually reservoirs No.2 and No.3 were covered to prevent dust entering the water supply.[6]

In 1914 Thomas Dyer Edwardes donated an area of 34 acres of land to the people of the former City of Preston, which was developed into Edwardes Lake Park.[7] Between 1919 and 1939 swimming was officially permitted with the presence of the Preston Lifesaving Club and regular demonstrations of swimming and lifesaving techniques during this time.[8]

OverviewEdit

Reservoir is close to the Northland Shopping Centre, Preston Market, High Street food quarter, Sydney Road shops and restaurants and one of three remaining drive-in cinemas in Melbourne, the Village in Coburg. The area is experiencing unprecedented growth, with plenty of new developments. It is also very popular with young home-buyers looking for a 'still affordable' inner city lifestyle.[citation needed]

DemographicsEdit

The most common ancestries in Reservoir were, according to the 2016 census, Italian 17.1%, Australian 14.8%, English 13.9%, Greek 6.3% and Irish 5.1%. 55.9% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were Italy 8.2%, India 4.4%, China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 3.2%, Greece 3.0% and Vietnam 1.8%.

TransportEdit

The area is serviced by four railway stations on the Mernda railway line: Reservoir, Regent, Keon Park, and Ruthven.

The Victorian Government has announced that it will build a suburban rail loop, which will include a station at Reservoir.[9]

Reservoir station acts a bus hub for many of the Reservoir bus routes.

Two tram lines service the area with the Tram route 11: West Preston - Victoria Harbour Docklands terminating at the south end of Reservoir and the Tram route 86: Bundoora RMIT - Waterfront City Docklands passing through Reservoir along Plenty Road. The Merri Creek Trail and Darebin Creek Trail are shared-use recreational paths used by cyclists and walkers that pass through Reservoir.

Reservoir has easy access to the Northern/Western Ring Rd, Hume Highway/Freeway, Tullamarine & Calder Freeways and Eastern Freeway.

EducationEdit

SportEdit

See alsoEdit

  • City of Preston - the former local government area of which Reservoir was a part

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Reservoir (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 July 2017.  
  2. ^ Darebin Heritage - Reservoir, Darebin Libraries, retrieved 7 April 2014
  3. ^ Darebin Heritage - Preston, Darebin Heritage, retrieved 24 April 2014
  4. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 11 April 2008
  5. ^ Preston Reservoir landscape master plan, Melbourne Water, retrieved 7 April 2014
  6. ^ Preston Reservoir landscape master plan
  7. ^ Edwardes Lake Park, Darebin City Council, retrieved 24 April 2014
  8. ^ Swimming at Edwardes Lake, Darebin Heritage, retrieved 24 April 2014
  9. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-08-28/melbourne-suburban-train-loop-promised-by-labor/10172184
  10. ^ Full Points Footy, Northern Football League, retrieved 15 April 2009