Representative of the United States to the European Office of the United Nations

Andrew Bremberg, current U.S. Representative to the European Office of the U.N.

The Representative of the United States to the European Office of the United Nations is the chief of mission of the United States Mission to the European Office of the United Nations and Other International Organizations at the United Nations Office at Geneva (abbreviated UNEO in the U.S. State Department).[1] The full official title of the position is The Representative of the United States of America to the European Office of the United Nations, with the rank of Ambassador.[2] The office was established in 1958 by 22 U.S.C. § 287 : US Code - Section 287(e): Representation in Organization. The Representative has the rank of Ambassador and reports directly to the United States Ambassador to the United Nations.[3][4] The office is sometimes referred to as ambassador but the correct title is representative for organizations (see diplomatic rank).[5]

The current representative is Andrew Bremberg, who was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 22, 2019.[6]

RepresentativesEdit

U.S. diplomatic terms


Career FSO
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.

Political appointee
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).

Appointed
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate to remain in office.

Presented credentials
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.

Terminated mission
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.

Chargé d'affaires
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country.

Ad interim
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime".
 
The headquarters of the U.S. mission to the U.N. in Geneva

References from [1] unless otherwise indicated.

  • Henry Serrano Villard – Career FSO[7]
    • Appointed: June 15, 1958
    • Terminated mission: August 3, 1960
  • Graham Martin – Career FSO[8]
    • Appointed: September 18, 1960
    • Terminated mission: April 15, 1962
  • Roger Tubby – Political appointee[9]
    • Appointed: October 18, 1967
    • Terminated mission: September 24, 1969
  • Idar D. Rimestad – Career FSO
    • Appointed: September 26, 1969
    • Terminated mission: June 16, 1973
  • Francis L. Dale – Political appointee
    • Appointed: December 19, 1973
    • Terminated mission: July 1, 1976
  • Henry E. Catto, Jr. – Political appointee
    • Appointed: July 1, 1976
    • Terminated mission: April 4, 1977
  • William vanden Heuvel – Political appointee
    • Appointed: July 1, 1977
    • Terminated mission: December 5, 1979
  • Gerald B. Helman – Career FSO
    • Appointed: December 6, 1979
    • Terminated mission: October 13, 1981
  • Geoffrey Swaebe – Political appointee
    • Appointed: November 8, 1981
    • Terminated mission: November 17, 1983
  • Gerald P. Carmen – Political appointee
    • Appointed: April 12, 1984
    • Terminated mission: August 31, 1986
  • Joseph Carlton Petrone – Political appointee
    • Appointed: March 12, 1987
    • Terminated mission: July 27, 1989
  • Morris B. Abram – Political appointee
    • Appointed: May 12, 1989
    • Terminated mission: March 19, 1993
  • Daniel L. Spiegel – Political appointee
    • Appointed: November 4, 1993
    • Terminated mission: 1996[10] or 1997[11]
  • George Moose – Career FSO
    • Appointed: November 18, 1997
    • Terminated mission: May 31, 2001[11]
  • Kevin Moley – Political appointee[12]
    • Appointed: October 1, 2001
    • Terminated mission: April 30, 2006
  • Warren W. Tichenor – Political appointee
    • Appointed: May 30, 2006
    • Terminated mission: January 20, 2009[13]
  • Betty E. King – Political appointee[14][15]
    • Appointed: April 2, 2010
    • Terminated mission: November 2, 2013[16]
  • Pamela Hamamoto – Political appointee[17]
    • Appointed: May 12, 2014
    • Presentation of credentials: June 26, 2014
    • Terminated mission: January 20, 2017
  • Andrew Bremberg – Political appointee
    • Appointed: October 22, 2019[18]
    • Presentation of credentials: November 12, 2019[19]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Representatives of the U.S.A. to the European Office of the United Nations (Geneva)". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  2. ^ "List of Chiefs of Mission as of June 6, 2011" (PDF). June 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  3. ^ "22 U.S.C. § 287 : US Code - Section 287: Representation in Organization". FindLaw.com. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  4. ^ "§ 287. Representation in Organization". Cornell University Law School. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  5. ^ "IO's Diplomatic Missions". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  6. ^ "PN2545 — Andrew P. Bremberg — United Nations". Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  7. ^ Serrano was designated rather than commissioned.
  8. ^ Martin was designated rather than commissioned.
  9. ^ Tubby was commissioned on October 18, 1967. He had been designated rather than commissioned at an original appointment.
  10. ^ "Daniel L. Spiegel". Covington & Burling LLP. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  11. ^ a b "Ambassadorial Appointments – William J. Clinton". American Foreign Service Association. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  12. ^ "Kevin E. Moley". NNDB.com. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  13. ^ "Warren W. Tichenor". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  14. ^ "List of Ambassadorial Appointments". American Foreign Service Association. Retrieved 2010-08-13.
  15. ^ "Betty E. King". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  16. ^ "Betty E. King, Former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva". geneva.usmission.gov. Permanent Mission of the United States of America to the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Geneva. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  17. ^ "Biography: Ambassador Pamela Hamamoto, Permanent Representative to the United Nations in Geneva". geneva.usmission.gov. Permanent Mission of the United States of America to the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Geneva. June 26, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
  18. ^ "PN2545 — Andrew P. Bremberg — United Nations". Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  19. ^ "Ambassador Andrew Bremberg Presents his Credentials to Tatiana Valovaya UNOG Director-General". Retrieved 14 November 2019.

External linksEdit