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Rennes–Saint-Jacques Airport

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Rennes–Saint-Jacques Airport or Aéroport de Rennes–Saint-Jacques (IATA: RNS, ICAO: LFRN) is a minor international airport about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) southwest of Rennes,[3] Ille-et-Vilaine, in the region of Brittany, France.

Rennes Bretagne Airport

Aéroport de Rennes – Saint-Jacques
Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) A-27
AeroportdeRennes.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorCCI Rennes
ServesRennes, France
Elevation AMSL124 ft / 37 m
Coordinates48°04′19″N 001°43′56″W / 48.07194°N 1.73222°W / 48.07194; -1.73222
Websiterennes.aeroport.fr
Maps
Location of Brittany region within France
Location of Brittany region within France
LFRN is located in Brittany
LFRN
LFRN
Location of Rennes–Saint-Jacques Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,100 6,890 Paved
14/32 850 2,788 Paved
14L/32R 650 2,132 Unpaved
Statistics (2018)
Passengers856,791
Passenger traffic changeIncrease 18.2%
Source: Air Journal,[1] Aeroport.fr[2]

HistoryEdit

Before the construction of this airport, Rennes had a small hippodrome which was used as a landing strip in Gayeulles, to the northeast of the city. In 1931 work started on a proper airport to service Rennes, and a plot of 380,000 square metres in Saint-Jacques-de-la-Lande to the southwest of the city was acquired and building began. On 28 July 1933, the new airport was officially opened by Pierre Cot.

Seized by the Germans in June 1940 during the Battle of France, Rennes airport was used as a Luftwaffe military airfield during the occupation. Known units assigned (all from Luftlotte 3, Fliegerkorps IV):[4][5]

JG 53 and KG 27 took part in operations over England during the Battle of Britain (10 July–31 October 1940); KG 26 and KG 77 also engaged in night aerial attacks over England during 1942; JG 11 and SKG 10 were interceptor units primarily engaging Eighth Air Force heavy bomber (B-17; B-24) operations over Occupied Europe. In addition, numerous Luftwaffe Anti-Aircraft FLAK batteries were controlled from Rennes.[4]

Rennes was attacked by Eighth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress bombers on 9 January 1944 (Mission 180), and was overflown on several night leaflet drops during the spring of 1944.[6] The airport was also attacked during the Allied invasion of Normandy during June 1944 on several occasions by B-26 Marauder medium bombers of IX Bomber Command, 323d Bombardment Group.[7] The medium bombers would attack in coordinated raids, usually in the mid-to-late afternoon, with Eighth Air Force heavy bombers returning from attacking their targets in Germany. The attack was timed to have the maximum effect possible to keep the Luftwaffe interceptors pinned down on the ground and be unable to attack the heavy bombers. Also, the P-47 Thunderbolts of Ninth Air Force would be dispatched to perform fighter sweeps over Rennes after the Marauder raids, then meet up with the heavy bombers and provide fighter escort back to England. As the P-51 Mustang groups of Eighth Air Force began accompanying the heavy bombers all the way to their German targets by mid-1944, it was routine for them to also attack Rennes on their return to England with a fighter sweep and attack any target of opportunity to be found at the airfield.[8][9]

 
Control tower

It was liberated by Allied ground forces about 7 August 1944 during the Northern France Campaign. Almost immediately, the United States Army Air Forces IX Engineering Command 820th Engineer Aviation Battalion cleared the airport of mines and destroyed Luftwaffe aircraft. Subsequently, Rennes Airport became a USAAF Ninth Air Force combat airfield, designated as "A-27" about 10 August.[10][11]

Under American control, the 362d Fighter Group operated P-47 Thunderbolts from the airport from 10 August though 19 September. In addition, the 10th Reconnaissance Group operated various photo-reconnaissance aircraft during August and September, and it became the headquarters of IX Air Defense Command on 25 August.[12] The fighter planes flew support missions during the Allied campaign in Central and Eastern France, patrolling roads in front of the advancing ground forces; strafing German military vehicles and dropping bombs on gun emplacements, anti-aircraft artillery and concentrations of German troops.

The combat units moved out by the end of September and Rennes Airport was used as a supply and maintenance depot for American aircraft for several months, before being returned to French civil control on 30 November 1944. Completely reconstructed after the war, the airport returned to its normal civil use. Some World War II bomb craters can still be seen in grassy areas north of the main runway.

FacilitiesEdit

The main runway can be used by planes with up to around 180 passengers, and it is best fitted for middle-range flights. For cargo transportation services, it is suitable for planes like Boeing up to 757 and 767, Airbus A310, or Ilyushin IL-76. It is equipped with ILS. The secondary paved runway is suitable for light motorized planes (business and leisure).

A controversial long-time project to build a large airport near Nantes, the Aéroport du Grand Ouest, some 80km to the south of Rennes is still in an uncertain state. That airport was planned to serve both cities. It would require the building of faster and more frequent transit services to both cities and to their existing airports, through the modernization of the existing regional Rennes–Nantes railway link through Redon, and the interconnection with their fast TGV railway stations. On 17/01/2017, the French government decided to definitely cancel the project for this new airport, and allow credits to help development of Rennes airport.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

StatisticsEdit

Rennes airport is the 14th for the total of transported passengers in 2018:

  • 2004 : 377,325 passengers
  • 2005 : 407,678 passengers
  • 2010 : 411,841 passengers
  • 2013 : 481,271 passengers
  • 2014 : 501,218 passengers
  • 2015 : 539,000 passengers
  • 2016 : 640,768 passengers
  • 2017 : 724,566 passengers
  • 2018 : 856,791 passengers

Rennes airport is the 9th for the total of transported freight in 2016:

  • 2004 : 12,620 tonnes
  • 2005 : 12,250 tonnes
  • 2012 : 13,449 tonnes
  • 2016 : 11,044 tonnes

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ http://www.air-journal.fr/2017-02-11-nouveau-trafic-record-a-rennes-en-2016-5176955.html
  2. ^ "Résultats d'activité des aéroports français 2018" (PDF). aeroport.fr. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  3. ^ LFRN – RENNES SAINT-JACQUES. AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique, effective 12 September 2019.
  4. ^ a b The Luftwaffe, 1933–45
  5. ^ Identification codes of units of the Luftwaffe 1939 – 1945
  6. ^ USAFHRA Document 00221903
  7. ^ USAFHRA Document 00083353
  8. ^ Derived from information in USAAF Film "Target For Today" (available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kkGL7vuC2A4)
  9. ^ USAFHRA Document 00233753
  10. ^ Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  11. ^ IX Engineer Command ETO Airfields, Airfield Layout
  12. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  13. ^ Liu, Jim. "HOP! adds seasonal domestic routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  14. ^ Liu, Jim. "flyBe network changes from Sep 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 16 July 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Rennes – Saint-Jacques airport at Wikimedia Commons