René, Marquis of Elbeuf

René of Guise, Marquis d'Elbeuf (14 August 1536 – 14 December 1566) was the youngest son of Claude of Lorraine, Duke of Guise and Antoinette of Bourbon-Vendôme.

René of Guise,Marquis d'Elbeuf
Armoiries ducs d'Elbeuf.png
Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Elbeuf
Born(1536-08-14)14 August 1536
Joinville
Died14 December 1566(1566-12-14) (aged 30)
Noble familyHouse of Guise
Spouse(s)Louise de Rieux
FatherClaude, Duke of Guise
MotherAntoinette de Bourbon-Vendôme

René was born at Joinville, Haute-Marne.

He served as French ambassador to Scotland, and accompanied his niece Mary, Queen of Scots on her entrance to that country in 1561.

With Lord John, Lord Robert, and others, he performed in a tournament on the sands of Leith in December 1561, probably to celebrate the queen's birthday. There was "running at the ring", with two teams of six men, one team dressed as women, the other as exotic foreigners in strange masquing garments. There was a similar tournament in 1594 at the baptism of Prince Henry at Stirling Castle.[1]

According to the chronicle of Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie the Marquis was impressed by the variety of Scottish produce served at the banquets in February 1562 to celebrate the wedding of the queen's half-brother, Lord James Stewart and Agnes Keith. The feasts included wild venison, poultry, and "all other kind of delicate wild beasts".[2]

Soon after the wedding the Marquis was involved in a disturbance in Edinburgh that started as a kind of masque in the town.[3] He and the Earl of Bothwell and Lord John went to the house where Alison Craik, a merchant's daughter and mistress of the Earl of Arran was lodged. When they were not admitted they broke down the doors. There were complaints to the queen and she issued a reprimand. Bothwell and Lord John ignored this and the next day there was a face-off between their followers and the Hamiltons in the market place.[4]

He was a patron of the arts, particularly of the composer Pierre Clereau of Lorraine.

He died in 1566.

Marriage and childrenEdit

He married Louise de Rieux (1531 – c. 1570) on 3 February 1555. They had two children:

Preceded by
Claude
Marquis d'Elbeuf
1550–1566
Succeeded by
Charles

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Joseph Bain, Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1898), pp. 576, 579.
  2. ^ Aeneas James George Mackay, Chroniclis of Scotland, vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1899), p. 173 footnote
  3. ^ Sarah Carpenter, 'Masking and politics: the Alison Craik incident, Edinburgh 1561', Renaissance Studies, 21:5 (November, 2007), pp. 625–636.
  4. ^ Joseph Bain, Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1898), pp. 582–3.