Reliable User Datagram Protocol
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In computer networking, the Reliable User Datagram Protocol (RUDP) is a transport layer protocol designed at Bell Labs for the Plan 9 operating system. It aims to provide a solution where UDP is too primitive because guaranteed-order packet delivery is desirable, but TCP adds too much complexity/overhead. In order for RUDP to gain higher quality of service, RUDP implements features that are similar to TCP with less overhead.
In order to ensure quality, it extends UDP by means of adding the following features:
- Acknowledgment of received packets
- Windowing and flow control
- Retransmission of lost packets
- Over buffering (Faster than real-time streaming)
- RUDP v0 (no checksums) is used for SS7 MTP3 backhaul.
- RUDP v1 (with checksum) is used for ISDN PRI backhaul.
The versions are mutually incompatible and differ slightly from the IETF draft. The structure of the Cisco Session Manager used on top of RUDP is also different.
Microsoft introduced another protocol which it named R-UDP and used it in its MediaRoom product (now owned by Ericsson) for IPTV service delivery over multicast networks. This is a proprietary protocol and very little is known about its operation. It is not thought to be based on the above referenced IETF draft.