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A Regius Professor is a university professor who has, or originally had, royal patronage or appointment. They are a unique feature of academia in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The first Regius Professorship was in the field of medicine, and founded by the Scottish King James IV at the University of Aberdeen in 1497. Regius chairs have since been instituted in various universities, in disciplines judged to be fundamental and for which there is a continuing and significant need. Each was established by an English, Scottish, or British monarch, and following proper advertisement and interview through the offices of the university and the national government, the current monarch still appoints the professor (except for those at the University of Dublin in Ireland, which left the United Kingdom in 1922). This royal imprimatur, and the relative rarity of these professorships, means a Regius chair is prestigious and highly sought-after.
- 1 New Regius Chairs
- 2 University of Aberdeen
- 3 Aston University
- 4 University of Cardiff
- 5 University of Cambridge
- 6 University of Dublin
- 7 University of Dundee
- 8 University of Edinburgh
- 9 University of Essex
- 10 University of Glasgow
- 11 Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
- 12 University of Liverpool
- 13 University of London
- 14 University of Manchester
- 15 Newcastle University
- 16 Open University
- 17 University of Oxford
- 18 Queen's University Belfast
- 19 University of Reading
- 20 University of St Andrews
- 21 University of Southampton
- 22 University of Surrey
- 23 University of Warwick
- 24 References
New Regius ChairsEdit
Traditionally, Regius Chairs only existed in the ancient universities of the British Isles. In October 2012 it was announced that Queen Elizabeth II would create up to six new Regius Professorships, to be announced in early 2013, to mark her Diamond Jubilee. In January 2013 the full list was announced, comprising twelve new chairs, probably the largest number ever created in one year, and more than created in most centuries.
In July 2015 it was announced that further Regius Professorships would be created to mark the Queen's 90th birthday.
University of AberdeenEdit
- Regius Professor of Anatomy (1863)
- Regius Professor of Botany
- Regius Professor of English Literature
- Regius Professor of Greek
- Regius Professor of Humanity, formerly Regius Professor of Classics
- Regius Professor of Logic
- Regius Professor of Mathematics
- Regius Professor of Medicine, formerly Regius Professor of Materia Medica (1858):159
- Regius Professor of Moral Philosophy
- Regius Professor of Natural History
- Regius Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, formerly Regius Professor of Midwifery (1858):159
- Regius Professor of Pathology
- Regius Professor of Physiology (1858):159
- Regius Professor of Surgery (1839):189
University of CardiffEdit
University of CambridgeEdit
University of DublinEdit
University of DundeeEdit
University of EdinburghEdit
- Regius Professor of Public Law and the Law of Nature and Nations (1707)
- Regius Professor of Rhetoric and English Literature (1762)
- Regius Professor of Astronomy (1785)
- Regius Professor of Clinical Surgery (1803)
- Regius Professor of Medical Science
- Regius Professor of Forensic Medicine (1807)
- Regius Professor of Sanskrit (1862) (now the Regius Professor of South Asian Language, Culture and Society)
- Regius Professor of Engineering (1868)
- Regius Professor of Geology (1871)
University of EssexEdit
University of GlasgowEdit
- Regius Professor of Medicine and Therapeutics (1637/1713)
- Regius Professor of Materia Medica (1831-1989) (merged with the Regius chair in Medicine and Therapeutics)
- Regius Professor of Law (1713)
- Regius Professor of Anatomy (1718)
- Regius Professor of Astronomy (1760)
- Regius Professor of Zoology (1807)
- Regius Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (1815)
- Regius Professor of Surgery (1815)
- Regius Professor of Chemistry (1817)
- Regius Professor of Botany (1818)
- Regius Professor of Forensic Medicine (1839)
- Regius Professor of Physiology (1839)
- Regius Professor of Civil Engineering and Mechanics (1840)
- Regius Professor of English Language and Literature (1861)
- Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History (1716–1935) (ceased being a Regius chair in 1935)
- Regius Professor of Precision Medicine (2016)
Imperial College of Science, Technology and MedicineEdit
University of LiverpoolEdit
University of LondonEdit
University of ManchesterEdit
University of OxfordEdit
- Regius Professor of Civil Law (c.1540)
- Regius Professor of Divinity (1535)
- Regius Professor of Moral and Pastoral Theology (1842)
- Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History (1842)
- Regius Professor of Hebrew (1546)
- Regius Professor of Medicine (1546)
- Regius Professor of Greek (c.1541)
- Regius Professor of Modern History (1724)
- Regius Professor of Mathematics (2016)
Queen's University BelfastEdit
University of ReadingEdit
University of St AndrewsEdit
University of SouthamptonEdit
University of SurreyEdit
University of WarwickEdit
- "Cushing, Harvey (1940). The Life of Sir William Osler (volume 1, chapter 23). Oxford: Oxford University Press". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- "Regius Professor of Law Appointed to the University of Glasgow". University of Glasgow. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Queen to bestow new Regius Professorships on outstanding Universities" (Press release). Cabinet Office. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "New Regius Professorships announced for 12 universities". Times Higher Education Supplement. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Cabinet Office: The Queen awards prestigious Regius professorships to twelve universities" (Press release). PoliticsHome. 29 January 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Garner, Richard (8 July 2015). "Budget 2015: Universities will be allowed to raise fees beyond £9,000, says George Osborne". The Independent. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
- Comrie, John D (1927). "Chapter 9: The Medical School of Aberdeen". History of Scottish Medicine to 1860 (PDF). London: Wellcome Historical Medical Museum.
- Bulloch, John (1895). A History of the University of Aberdeen 1495-1895. London: Hodder and Stoughton.
- "Regius Professorships awarded to leading universities to mark Queen's 90th birthday - Press releases - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2016-06-06.
- "Prof J Iredale". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- "Imperial names first Regius Professor". Felix. 24 Oct 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2019.