Reginald F. Lewis (December 7, 1942 – January 19, 1993), was an American businessman. He was one of the richest African-American men in the 1980s, and the first African American to build a billion-dollar company, TLC Beatrice International Holdings Inc.
Reginald F. Lewis
December 7, 1942
|Died||January 19, 1993 (aged 50)|
|Alma mater||Virginia State University|
Harvard Law School
|Children||Leslie Lewis, Christina Lewis|
|Relatives||Loida Nicolas-Lewis (wife)|
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Recruited to top New York law firm Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP immediately after law school, Lewis left to start his own firm two years later. After 15 years as a corporate lawyer with his own practice, he moved to the other side of the table by creating TLC Group L.P., a venture capital firm, in 1983.
His first major deal was the purchase of the McCall Pattern Company, a home sewing pattern business, for $22.5 million. Lewis had learned from a Fortune magazine article that the Esmark holding company, which had recently purchased Norton Simon, planned to divest from the McCall Pattern Company, a maker of home sewing patterns founded in 1870. With fewer and fewer people sewing at home, McCall was seemingly on the decline—though it had posted profits of $6 million in 1983 on sales of $51.9 million. At the time, McCall was number two in its industry, holding 29.7 percent of the market, compared to industry leader Simplicity Patterns with 39.4 percent.
He managed to negotiate the price down, then raised $1 million himself from family and friends and borrowed the rest from institutional investors and investment banking firm First Boston Corp.
Within a year, he turned the company around by freeing up capital tied in fixed assets such as building and machinery, and finding a new use for machinery during downtime by manufacturing greeting cards. He then started to recruit managers from rival companies. He further strengthened McCall by containing costs, improving quality, beginning to export to China, and emphasizing new product introductions. This new combination led to the company's most profitable year in its history. With the addition of McCall real estate worth an estimated $6 million that the company retained ownership of, he later sold McCall at a 90-1 return, resulting in a tremendous profit for investors. Lewis's share was 81.7 percent of the $90 million.
In 1987, Lewis bought Beatrice International Foods from Beatrice Companies for $985 million, renaming it TLC Beatrice International Holdings Inc., a snack food, beverage, and grocery store conglomerate that was the largest African-American owned and managed business in the U.S. The deal was partly financed through Mike Milken of the maverick investment bank Drexel Burnham Lambert. In order to reduce the amount needed to finance the leveraged buyout, Lewis came up with a plan to sell off some of the division's assets simultaneous with the takeover.
When TLC Beatrice reported revenue of $1.8 billion in 1987, it became the first black-owned company to have more than $1 billion in annual sales. At its peak in 1996, TLC Beatrice International Holdings Inc. had sales of $2.2 billion and was number 512 on Fortune magazine's list of 1,000 largest companies.
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In 1987 Lewis established the Reginald F. Lewis Foundation, which funded grants of approximately $10 million to various non-profit programs and organizations while he was alive. His first major grant was an unsolicited $1 million to Howard University in 1988; the federal government matched the grant, making the gift $2 million, which was used to fund an endowment for scholarships, fellowships, and faculty sabbaticals.
In 1992, Lewis donated $3 million to Harvard Law School, the largest grant at the time in the school's history. The school renamed its International Law Center the Reginald F. Lewis International Law Center, the first major facility at Harvard named in honor of an African-American.
While alive, Lewis made known his desire to support a museum of African American culture. In 2005, the Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African American History & Culture opened in Baltimore with the support of a $5 million grant from his foundation. It is the East Coast's largest African American museum occupying an 82,000 square-foot facility with permanent and special exhibition space, interactive learning environments, auditorium, resource center, oral history recording studio, museum shop, café, classrooms, meeting rooms, outside terrace and reception areas. It highlights the history and accomplishments of African Americans with a special focus on Maryland's African American community. The museum is also a Smithsonian affiliate.
Born in Baltimore, Maryland, Lewis grew up in a middle-class neighborhood. He won a football scholarship to Virginia State University (VSU) and joined the Alpha Phi Chapter of Kappa Alpha Psi while an undergraduate student. After graduating from VSU with a degree in political science in 1965, he immediately attended Harvard Law School and completed his Juris Doctorate degree in 1968.
- "Reginald F. Lewis as Philanthropist"
- "The Reginald F. Lewis Fellowships for Law Teaching"
- "Building Overview: Lewis International Law Center"
- "Reginald F. Lewis" Archived 2014-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
- "Reginald F. Lewis Museum Facilities" Archived 2015-04-22 at the Wayback Machine
- Jonathan P. Hicks (January 20, 1993). "Reginald F. Lewis, 50, Is Dead; Financier Led Beatrice Takeover". The New York Times.
- Reginald F. Lewis official website
- Reginald F. Lewis Museum of African American Culture & History
- Reginald F. Lewis Fellowship - Harvard
- The Lewis College
- Reginald F. Lewis High School - Baltimore
- Reginald F. Lewis Fan Club
- Reg Lewis, TLC Beatrice international
- Often Said
- Afrocentricnews - TLC Beatrice to Liquidate
-  http://articles.latimes.com/1989-09-13/business/fi-2062_1_mccall-pattern
- Amazon.com: Books: "Why Should White Guys Have All the Fun?": How Reginald Lewis Created a Billion-Dollar Business Empire
- Amazon.com: Books: Reginald F. Lewis Before TLC Beatrice: The Young Man Before The Billion-Dollar Empire, by Lin Hart https://www.amazon.com/Reginald-Lewis-Before-Beatrice-Billion-Dollar/dp/0985347929/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1452631776&sr=8-1&keywords=Reginald+F.+Lewis+Before+TLC+Beatrice