Reginald Gray (artist)
Reginald Gray (1930 – 29 March 2013) was an Irish portrait artist. He studied at The National College of Art (1953) and then moved to London, becoming part of the School of London led by Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud and Frank Auerbach. In 1960, he painted a portrait of Bacon which now hangs in the permanent collection of the National Portrait Gallery in London. He subsequently painted portraits from life of writers, musicians and artists such as Samuel Beckett, Harold Pinter, Brendan Behan, Garech Browne, Derry O'Sullivan, Alfred Schnittke, Ted Hughes, Rupert Everett and Yves Saint Laurent. In 1993 Gray had a retrospective exhibition at UNESCO Paris and in 2006, his portrait "The White Blouse" won the Sandro Botticelli Prize in Florence, Italy.
Dublin, Irish Free State
|Died||29 March 2013 (aged 82–83)|
|Education||Cecil ffrench Salkeld. ARHA (1953-57)|
|Known for||portrait painter and theatre set designer|
|Awards||Sandro Botticelli Prize. Florence, Italy (2004)|
Born in Dublin, Gray grew up on Grove Avenue in Blackrock. His father worked for the Guinness company. Gray studied at All Saints, Blackrock, the Blackrock Technical Institute and the National College of Art and Design, Dublin.
After a short period he left to study under Cecil ffrench Salkeld ARHA. At the age of nineteen Gray joined The Dublin Atelier, a small group of painters who exhibited at The Dublin Painters Gallery. During this period Gray was inspired by the early works of the French painter Bernard Buffet who had won the Prix de la critique, in Paris in 1948 at the age of 20.
Gray had a studio on Leeson Street in the early 1950s. There he made a wash drawing of the artist Patrick Swift which he used as a base for a large canvas homage to the painter some years later. Gray's first paid work was a commission by University College Dublin to design the setting and costumes for their production of The King's Threshold by W.B. Yeats. The lead in the play was given to the young actor-poet John Jordan. During the preparations and rehearsals Gray painted a portrait of Jordan which now hangs in the collection of The Dublin Writers Museum. At this point the artist Cecil ffrench Salkeld ARHA (Associate of the Royal Hibernian Academy) took an interest in Gray, and gave him a room in his Dublin home where Gray studied old master techniques. Salkeld was visited by writers, painters and musicians, such as Brian O'Nolan, Arland Ussher, Francis Stuart, Marten Cumberland and John Beckett, cousin of Samuel. Gray painted John Beckett during this period and the portrait now hangs in St. Columba's College, Dublin, where Beckett had his first music lessons. Gray became a close friend of Brendan Behan and was asked to be best man at Behan's wedding. Gray designed many settings for The Pike Theatre including the production of The Rose Tattoo by Tennessee Williams. After the success in Dublin, the play was transferred to The Grand Opera House, Belfast and Gray travelled there to redesign and create the much larger settings need for the bigger stage. Look Back in Anger by John Osborne was at the same time running at the Opera House and Gray befriended and sketched the leading actress Jocelyn Britton. Later he designed the sets for Nekrassov by Jean-Paul Sartre which was mounted at The Gate Theatre. Gray later went on a tour of Ireland with The Dublin Repertory Theatre Company designing their productions, including The Wood of the Whispering by M. J. Molloy.
Gray moved to London in 1957 and lived near the Portobello market, sharing a flat with three Irish actors Donal Donnelly, Brian Phelan and Charles Roberts. Needing more solitude to paint, Gray moved to Bayswater. He got a job in the display department at Whiteleys department store designing and dressing their windows but still painting. In the same year he made a gouache drawing of the Barkers of Kensington department store on Kensington High Street, showing the workmen refreshing the façade of the store. This work is now in the collection of The Museum of London.
Gray met Catherine Hall in November 1958 and they were married a month later in Caxton Hall, London. In 1960, Eric Holder, owner and director of the Abbott and Holder Gallery, invited Gray to hold a solo exhibition. This exhibition received favourable reviews especially from The Arts Review, London. The English film actor Patrick Waddington bought a number of Gray's works and arranged an exhibition for Gray and Aubrey Williams, the painter from Guyana at The Caravan Gallery, New York. Another exhibition for Gray at Abbott and Holder was programmed for the following year which had a further good reception. Alan Simpson, the Pike Theatre director, came to this exhibition and suggested that Gray should paint a portrait of Samuel Beckett.
Gray flew to Paris and worked on the portrait which was then exhibited at The Royal Hibernian Academy, Dublin and is now in a private Dublin collection. In the same year Gray met Francis Bacon in a Bayswater pub. Bacon was curious to see Gray's studio and while they were there Gray made a drawing of Bacon which he later turned into an egg tempera on wood portrait. The portrait was bought by the collector Aubrey Beese, who donated it to the National Portrait Gallery, London in 1975, where it remains today. By 1963 Gray's marriage was failing, and he moved to Paris.
On his way from London to Paris, Gray stopped in Rouen and came across Le Cour d'Albane, a small art gallery near the cathedral. The director of the gallery Andre Goupil suggested that Gray should hold an exhibition and bring works over from London. Gray agreed and a month later had his first French exhibition. In spite of good reviews, sales were not as good as they had been in London. He found a cheap room on the Rue des Fosses Louis VIII and passed a severe winter there. He became a pavement artist, copying Raphael, Domenico Ghirlandaio, and other Florentine masters on the ground. A year later conditions improved when he got long periods of work as an extra in the Théâtre des Arts de Rouen, mostly in Opera. In spite of the rough life, Gray exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Normands at the Musée des Beaux-Arts for three successive years before he eventually moved on to Paris.
Paris and RavenelEdit
Having felt that "he had exhausted Rouen and that Rouen had exhausted him", Gray arrived in Paris with little money, in mid 1964, where he would live for the last 50 years of his life. In this year his eldest daughter Eleonore was born. Gray came to live at l'Académie de Feu on the rue Delambre, run by the Hungarian sculptor, László Szabó. About 15 young sculpture students lived and worked there under the supervision of the master. The sculptor with the aid of six of his students built Gray a small room in the studio from wood, plaster and resin with running water and electricity.
In the second year that Gray lived at the Academy, Szabó mounted Le Monde apres les Buildings, a large exhibition of Sculpture and Painting, named for the modern high-rise blocks that Szabó hated. The English sculptor Henry Moore and the Italian Marini also exhibited at the exhibition. During this period Gray exhibited at the Daniel Casanova Gallery at the Palais Royale. After three years at the Academy Gray moved from time to time to small ateliers on the left bank such as Rue Descartes and Rue des Saints Pères.
Gray worked as a copy editor at the Paris edition of the New York Times and later drew portraits of people being interviewed by the paper's writers. The subjects included philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, singer Jacques Brel, and sculptor Alberto Giacometti. During the 1968 student revolution in Paris Gray met the young Australian writer Jill Neville and painted her portrait (National Portrait Gallery, Australia). Gray went on to work at Fairchild Publications and as a fashion photographer for over five years, covering collections in Paris, Milan, Rome and London.
Gray worked as cameraman filming the fashion collections for German Vogue and Swedish Television. Gray directed his first full-length feature Jeu (game, also known as Le Passant) starring Laurent Terzieff, Dirk Kinnane, Pascale de Boysson and Bibi Hure. Gray then lived in the Chateau de Ravenel, 50 miles north of Paris and raised his second daughter Deirdre and son Terence there during a stay that lasted ten years.
From 1993, Gray taught painting at the Irish College in Paris. In 1996, Gray directed and designed the setting for Letters from Ireland by Belgian playwright Philippe Alkemade, opening at the Wexford Festival and touring Ireland. In this later period he had many one-man exhibitions in Paris galleries such as Galerie Marie de Holmsky, Galerie de la Grande Chaumière, the Galerie Atelier Visconti, and the Salon de Montparnasse, also exhibiting with the American artist Gregory Masurovsky. UNESCO Paris mounted a large retrospective of Gray's works in 1994. Gray's works since that point include a portraits of poet Ted Hughes (at the Bankfield Museum, Halifax), Russian composer Alfred Schnittke, (The Royal College of Music and the Russian Academy of Music, London), and Harold Pinter (1998) not long before Pinter's death.
In 1995, Gray's 1960 portrait of Francis Bacon was hung in the National Portrait Gallery, London. in 2006, Gray's portrait "The White Blouse" won the Sandro Botticelli Prize in Florence, Italy.
Gray died on 29 March 2013 in Paris from stomach cancer, aged 82 years. His children, Eleonore, Deirdre and Terence, and his partner Doina survive him.
Some of the public collections in which Gray's work appears are:
- 2015 Artmajeur Online Art Gallery/Reginald Gray. "Self-Portrait at the Ecole des Beaux Arts. Paris". Artmajeur Online Art Gallery.
- "Irish artist Reginald Gray dies in Paris". The Irish Times. 30 March 2013.
- Reginald Gray page at the National Portrait Gallery
- Gray Profile at the Saatchi Gallery online
- Irish Press (Dublin), 11 April 1953; Art critic James White (later Director of The National Gallery, Ireland) wrote that "Reginald Gray has the unmistakable mark of integrity, he will not rest content with a borrowed image, but seeks for a unique and personal vision, the aim of all great artists."
- The Week. The Week Publications Inc., 28 August 2004; "Review of Reviews: Art p. 26, "Grays sombre elegant Homage to the Artist Patrick Swift (2002) - in which he recalls the painter as a young man - is an unforgettable image"
- O'Sullivan, Michael. (1999) "Brendan Behan a life" Robert Rinehart. New York. pp190-191. ISBN 1-56833-187-8
- Aesthetica. (Contemporary Writing Art Music Film) ISSN 1743-2715. Issue May/June. 2006. p. 23; "After studies at The National College of Art, Gray became designer for The Pike and Gate Theatres in Dublin and The Lyric Theatre in London [...] in February, 2002 Gray was elected an official member of The American Society of Portrait Artists. (ASOPA)"
- Evening Mail. Dublin. 13 May 1957. Theatre critic R.M.Fox on "The Rose Tattoo" "To have presented such a play without a hitch on the tiny Pike stage reflects great credit on Reginald Gray's settings and Alan Simpson's production."
- Evening Mail (Dublin), 31 October 1956; Theatre critic R M Fox, writing on Nekrassov, "Settings by Reginald Gray were attractive and ingenious."
- The Arts Review. London. 5 May 1962. Art Critic James Burr: "It is rare today to find a young painter whose visual language has grown out of the formal austerities and induced linear precision of the 15th century; this is a decade where painting is ferociously impulsive and dominated by abstraction so that the calm objectivity and direct reaction to the visual world of Reginald Gray comes as a relief from a rapid indulgence in manipulating material".
- Simpson, Alan (1962) Beckett and Behan, Routledge and Kegan Paul. London. pp 3-15
- Jonathan Fryer (1998) Soho in the Fifties and Sixties National Portrait Gallery. London. p 19 ISBN 1-85514-234-1
- Funds Europe Ltd. London. SE1. ISSN 1477-4453. Nov. 2004. Issue 23. p 94; Art critic Hannah Watson writes on Gray, "one of his works is a figure taken from one of Ghirlandaio's frescos in the Santa Maria Novella, Florence and painted in his own style, her pink smocked sleeves with wavy blond locks is part hippy/part Botticelli's Venus."
- International Herald Tribune 9 May 1975. Film critic Thomas Quinn Curtis writing on The Cannes Film Festival "In the experimental field too, there was error in judgement in neglecting The Passant by Reginald Gray."
- "HebWeb News 2010: Ted Hughes Portrait donated to Calderdale". hebdenbridge.co.uk.
- "You want to free the world from oppression?". newstatesman.com.
- Portrait in tempera and marble dust on wood entitled Santa Maria Magdalena
- "The Portraits, National Portrait Gallery". portrait.gov.au.
- Artists' London-Holbein to Hirst 2001. Merrell Publishers. (Museum of London). ISBN 1-85894-141-5
- Brendan Behan a Life by Michael O'Sullivan. 1999. Publisher Robert Rinehart. New York. ISBN 1-56833-187-8
- Soho in The Fifties and Sixties by Jonathan Fryer, 1998. Publisher The National Portrait Gallery. London. ISBN 1-85514-234-1
- Beckett and Behan by Alan Simpson. 1962. Publisher Routledge and Kegan Paul. London. ISBN 978-0-7100-2125-0
- An Bhfuil Cead Agam Dul Amac, Mas e do Thoil e? (in Gaelic) by Derry O'Sullivan. 2009. Publisher. Coisceim. Dublin ASIN B0038Y5EX8
- Dictionnaire Drouot Cotation 2004 Larousse Diffusion. Paris. ISBN 2-9519114-1-6
- Dizionario Enciclopedico Internazionale d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea 2005/2006. Publisher Casa Editrice Alba. Ferarra. Italy
- Film: Reginald Gray - Portrait of a Portrait Artist 2001. Response Entertainment Inc., N.Y.C. USA. Winner in the documentary category at the 2001 Telluride Indiefest
- Poetry; The Corner of a Field by Sean Brophy, The Picture of Reginald Gray p 31 Rainsford Press. Dublin. 1995. ISBN 0-9519503-4-7