Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd)

The Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd) (Italian: Reggimento "Savoia Cavalleria" (3°)) is a cavalry regiment of the Italian Army based in Grosseto in Tuscany. Originally a Dragoon unit of the Savoyard state its recruiting area was the Duchy of Savoy. Today the regiment is the reconnaissance unit of the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore".[2]

Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd)
Reggimento "Savoia Cavalleria" (3°)
CoA mil ITA rgt cavalleria 03.png
Regimental coat of arms
Active23 July 1692 - 22 November 1699
14 April 1701 - 1799
1 December 1814 - 8 September 1943
15 October 1946 - 11 October 1975
11 October 1975 - 23 May 1992 (squadron group)
23 May 1992 - present
Country Italy
BranchItalian Army
TypeParatropper Cavalry
RoleAirborne reconnaissance surveillance and target acquisition
Part ofParatroopers Brigade "Folgore"
Garrison/HQGrosseto
Motto(s)"Savoye bonnes nouvelles"
Anniversaries24 August 1942 - Charge at Izbushensky
DecorationsValor militare gold medal BAR.svg Valor militare bronze medal BAR.svg Valor militare bronze medal BAR.svg Croce al merito dell'esercito bronze medal BAR.svg
1x Gold Medal of Military Valour
2x Bronze Medals of Military Valour
1x Bronze Cross of Army Merit[1]
Commanders
Current
commander
Col. Domenico Leotta
Notable
commanders
Claudio Gabriele de Launay
Raffaele Cadorna Jr.
Guglielmo Barbò
Alessandro Bettoni Cazzago
Insignia
"Savoia Cavalleria" gorget patches
Mostrina - "Savoia Cavalleria" (3°).png
Mostrina - "Savoia Cavalleria" (3°).png

HistoryEdit

The Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd) originates in the seventeenth century.[3]

Savoyard StateEdit

The Cavalry Regiment "Savoia" was founded by decree of 23 July 1692 by Duke Victor Amadeus II.[4] The Regiment tooks its origins from Regiment "None", later named "Montbrison". The Regiment, in turn, was formed from four pre-existing Cavalry Companies of the Gens d'Armes Brigade: "Sua Altezza Reale"; "Savoja"; "Piemonte"; "Monferrato".[5][6]

Later that year, the Regiment was renamed Cavalry Regiment "Savoia" with 9 Companies.[6] The Regiment took part in the Nine Years' War: in the summer of 1693 the Regiment was employed in operations relating to the siege of Pinerolo occupied by French forces. It fought in particular in Marseille. On November 22, 1699, budgetary requirements imposed the dissolution of Savoia Cavalleria, who ceded its troops to the Regiment "Piemonte Reale" and to the Dragoons of His Royal Highness.[3][4]

The Regiment was reestablished on 14 April 1701 with 4 Squadrons of two Companies each. Each Company had 50 horses with 400 horses in total.[4]

The Regiment fought in the War of the Spanish Succession, where the Regiment distinguished itself in Chiari on 1 September 1701 and in Luzzara on 15 August 1702,[4] in the War of the Polish Succession and in the War of the Austrian Succession. In the War of the Austrian Succession, during the battle of Guastalla on 19 September 1734, the men of the Regiment charged by the cry of "Savoia!", which then became the battle cry of all the Italian units until 1946.[4]

In September 1774, the Regiment took part in the formation of the Cavalry Regiment "Aosta".[3]

The Regiment was engaged from 1792 to 1796 in the War of the First Coalition. On 9 December 1798, released from the oath of loyalty to King of Sardinia Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia, the Regiment passed into the service of the Piedmontese Republic.[3]

Sent to Casalmaggiore, the Regiment was designated as the 6th Cavalry Regiment. Dissolved in 1799, its squadrons were sorted between the 2nd and 4th Piedmontese Dragoon Regiments.[3]

On 1 December 1814, the Regiment was reconstituted and re-established as the Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria". On 23 June 1819 the Regiment passed to the Light Cavalry, assuming the name of Regiment "Cavalleggeri di Savoia". On 3 January 1832 the Regiment formed the Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria", fighting in the First Italian War of Independence.[3]

On 3 January 1850 the Regiment became a Line Cavalry unit and, reorganized, contributed to the formation of the Regiment "Cavalleggeri di Monferrato".

Kingdom of ItalyEdit

The Regiment changed its name several times between 1859 and 1897, participating in the Second Italian War of Independence, Third Italian War of Independence, the capture of Rome, the fight against banditry in southern Italy and Eritrea.[3]

From 19 October 1859 to 23 February 1860 the Regiment was a Line Cavalry unit.[7]:5note 2 From 24 January 1861, all cavalry regiments, with the exception of the Guides Regiment, had a Regiment staff, six Squadrons (company-level units), and a Depot (in turn consisting of a Depot Staff and of a Squadron).[7]:5

In 1871 differences between cavalry specialities were abolished and Regiments were renamed "Cavalry Regiments", while in 1876 the Regiments retook the old formw with the ordinal number within brackets; in 1898 the cavalry units retook their old names in the complete form.[7]:7–9

In 1903, on the occasion of the ninth centenary of the origin of the House of Savoy, King Vittorio Emanuele III granted the regiment a special badge consisting of special drapes to be applied to the trumpets during the ceremonies with the troop in arms and the full uniform.[3] Due the new organization of the Cavalry, from 1 October 1909 the Regiment lost one of its six Squadrons.[7]:11

During the First World War, the regiment formed the 1497th Machine gun Company on Foot.[3]

Following the reduction of the Cavalry regiments, in 1919, the 2nd Squadron Group of the Regiment "Savoia" took the name of "Lancieri di Vercelli" having absorbed the Regiment with the same name[7]:15 and, in 1920, incorporated a squadron of the Regiment "Lancieri Vittorio Emanuele II" and inherited the traditions of the dissolved Regiment "Lancieri di Vercelli" by changing the name to Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" without the ordinal number. In 1923 the regiment adopted the red tie as a distinctive feature instead of the red border on the collar of the jacket.[3]

Starting from 1 March 1939, each cavalry regiment was composed of the Regimental Command, of the Command Squadron, of two Squadron Groups, each of them with two Squadrons. Each Squadron consisted of three Platoons of three Squads each. The 5th Squadron was the Machine Gun Squadron, with four Platoons of three Squads each.[7]:19note 25

Second World WarEdit

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Regiment was framed in the 3rd Celere Division "Principe Amedeo Duca d'Aosta" together the Regiment "Lancieri di Novara" (5th) and, sent to Russia, was the protagonist of the historic Charge at Izbushensky. Following the events determined by the Armistice of Cassibile, on 8 September 1943, the regiment was dissolved where it was being reorganized.[3]

The Regiment also generated several support units through the Regimental Depot:[7]:21

  • 1940: I Group on Foot; II Coastal Group; 539th Position machine gunners Company; 540th Position machine gunners Company; 541st Position machine gunners Company;
  • 1941: XX Group on Foot; VI Road Movement Battalion.

In 1940, the regiment took part in the Italian invasion of France, framed within the 3rd Celere Division "Principe Amedeo Duca d'Aosta".[5]

In April 1941, the regiment took part in operations in the Invasion of Yugoslavia,[5] being employed for the occupation of Croatia.[8] After Yugoslavia, the Regiment rested in Lonigo.[9]

The Regiment left Italy for the Eastern Front still framed within the 3rd Celere Division, within the Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia on 22 July 1941 under Colonel Weis Pocetti.[8][10] On 10 August 1941 the Regiment reached Soroca[8] and after a short rest it reached the river Dnieper in early September and was deployed in the Petschana area. In late September the Regiment attacked Dnipropetrovsk.[8]

On 1 October the Regiment passed the river Dnieper. On 17 October 1941, in the Ulaklij and Jaly region, during the battle of the Donbas, the Regiment collided with the enemy rearguards, forcing them to retreat, inflicting heavy losses and capturing prisoners.[5] On 20 October 1941, the Regiment was employed in the actions for the conquest of Donetsk and fought at Nippo and Kriwotoirez; between 24 October and 8 November 1941, the Regiment won several battles against Soviet rearguards on the front between Skotowatoje and Panteleimonivka and Horlivka. Panteleimonivka was held by a platoon for a whole night.[9] In the winter of 1942 the regiment was sent to the rear, due to the serious deterioration and severe death of the horses.[5]

On 18 July 1942, framed in the "Horse Group Barbò", the Regiment took part in the fighting for the conquest of Krasnyi Luch, distinguishing itself in Borkovo Antrasit. On July 22, the Regiment reached the town of Iessanlowka. On 21 August a Squadron Group, together with the 63rd CC.NN. Assault Legion "Tagliamento", counterattacking Tachebotarewskij, managed to stabilize the situation created by a force attack conducted by the Soviet Army on the right wing of the 2nd Infantry Division "Sforzesca". On 22 August, the Regiment conducted an active and mobile exploration, controlling the spaces between Jagodnij and Tachebotarewskij, fighting at Sirnwskij.[5]

On 23 August, the Regiment was tasked to pursue the enemy, threatening to wind him up from the east, carrying out the Charge of the Savoia Cavalleria at Izbushensky on 24 August. At the end of August 1942, the Regiment, together with the Regiment "Lancieri di Novara" (5th), fought in Jagodnij, to counter the Soviet attack carried out, without any result, by some infantry regiments.[5] In September 1942 the Regiment retreated to Duboskoj and to Papoff.[8]

From 19 January to 23 March 1943, the Regiment began retreating from the Nikitovka area and, despite bad weather conditions and ambushes by Soviet partisans, managed to reach Gomel with minimal losses after 1,068 kilometres. The "Savoia Cavalleria" entered the town in parade order.[8] The 5th machine gunners squadron (under the command of Captain Corinaldi), remained on the Don with the Alpini of the Division "Tridentina", and the 1st ad hoc squadron (under the command of Captain Boero), sent to defend the Alpine Army Corps in Rossosh, were completely destroyed.[5] The Regiment departed Gomel on 26 January and returned to Osoppo on 2 April 1943 where it remained confined for additional fifteen days.[8] On 8 September 1943, the Regiment was in Castel San Pietro Terme.

After the Armistice of Cassibile, the Regiment was in danger of being dissolved and, therefore, of losing honours and standard. The commander at the regimental depot, stationed in Somma Lombardo, Colonel Pietro de Vito Piscicelli, Count of Collesano, was left without orders and took a unique initiative. Colonel de Vito Piscicelli made agreements with the Swiss authorities and, at 7:30 pm on 12 September 1943, he reached the Swiss border above Ligornetto in Canton of Ticino at the head of a column consisting of 15 Officers, 642 subofficers and recruits, 316 horses and 9 mules, with weapons, ammunition and food in tow. Colonel de Vito Piscicelli had the regimental depot interned in Switzerland. The Swiss authorities, after having confiscated the weapons and horses (only the officers were allowed to keep their own horse and in some cases their own weapon), granted asylum to everyone. The unit was therefore sent to the Canton of Bern in special quarters. Officers and troops remained on Swiss territory until the end of the war. At the end of the Second World War the regiment was disestablished.[5]

1946 - 1975Edit

On 15 October 1946, the Divisional Exploring Group "3° Cavalieri" was established, receiving colours, frieze and number of the dissolved Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria". The "3° Cavalieri" was placed under the Infantry Division "Legnano".[11]:32

In early 1949, the Divisional Exploring Groups were transformed into Armoured Cavalry Regiments. Each Armoured Cavalry Regiment consisted of the Command Squadron, two Squadron Groups (battalion-level units) and a Support weapons Squadron.[11]:33 On 15 April 1950 it was transformed into the 3rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment "Gorizia Cavalleria",[11]:36 with the depot and the I Squadron Group in Milan and the II Squadron Group in Voghera.[11]:71,78

In 1949 the Regiment detached a Squadron (named "Gorizia" after the parent Regiment) to the security corps of the Trust Territory of Somaliland under Italian administration. The Squadron consisted of:[11]:79

The deployment of the Squadron drawn from the Regiment lasted until 1951.[11]:112

On 4 November 1958, like the other Cavalry units, it resumed the traditional denomination of Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd).[3] On 4 November 1961, the use of the red tie was restored, abolishing the red border on gorget patches. In 1964, the Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd) was transferred in Merano,[11]:135 directly under the IV Army Corps.[11]:167

Following the Italian Army 1975 reform, which saw the abolition of the regimental level, the unit was reorganized into 3rd Armoured Squadron Group "Savoia Cavalleria" formed in Merano with personnel and traditions from the dissolved regiment.[3]

1992 - 2013Edit

As part of the reorganization of the Italian Army, the squadron group on 23 May 1992 was reconstituted in the Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd) and from 1995 it moved to Grosseto where it replaced the pre-existing Regiment "Lancieri di Firenze" (9th).[3]

2013 - presentEdit

The Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd) left the Airmobile Brigade "Friuli" was placed under the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" on 20 September 2013.[12]:74 At the same time, the Regiment was redesigned "Paratrooper Cavalry".[13]

Starting from the end of 2013, the recruits of the Regiment had previously obtained the military parachuting license. The Initial operating capability (IOC) exercise with a squadron made up entirely of paratrooper cavalrymen (the 3rd Reconnaissance Squadron "De Leone") and the completion of the three "basic courses for air troops" were achieved in 2014.[12]:78

The transit of the Regiment under the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" was due to the evolution of the international situation and the consolidation of the "joint" structure of the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore". Therefore, the Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore"lacked a fully "joint" structure, such as to give it full spectrum use capacity. Simultaneously with the release of the assets of 9th Paratroopers Assault Regiment "Col Moschin" and special operations forces, the Brigade received three specific capabilities that were lacking: ground fire support, logistics and medium-range exploration. For the reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition - RSTA capability the choice fell on the Regiment “Savoia Cavalleria” (3rd), through the acquisition by the latter of the paratroop capabilities.[12]:75

OperationsEdit

The regiment took part in numerous peace operations:[14]

  • IFOR/SFOR” operation in Bosnia (1996-1999);
  • Operation Alba in Albania (1997);
  • KFOR” in Kosovo (1999-2001);
  • EUFOR Concordia in North Macedonia (2003);
  • Operation Ancient Babylon in Iraq, (2003-2004);
  • From April 2005 to June 2006, the regiment detached a platoon to Task Force RSTA (battalion-level exploration unit) during Operation Ancient Babylon in Iraq.
  • Since April 2006, the Regiment has permanently detached a platoon for the "Joint Enterprise" operation in Kosovo.
  • From October 2007 to May 2008, from October 2009 to April 2010 and from October 2012 to April 2013 the Regiment participated to UNIFIL II.
  • In 2015, a team of paratroopers took part in EUTM Mali.

List of commandersEdit

  1. Col. Gian Michele de Rossi di Piossasco, Count of None, Consignore di Virle, Beinasco, La Volvera e Purpaglia (23 July 1692 - 23 February 1694)
  2. Col. Melchiorre Lucigne, Count of Montbrison
  3. Col. Antonio Maurizio Turinetti, Count of Pertengo
  4. Col. Renato Augusto Birago-Vische, Count of Borgaro (1707)
  5. Col. Tommaso Birago, Maequis of Roccavione
  6. Col. Cav. Vittorio Damiano di Castellinardo
  7. Col. Cav. Giuseppe Duchenne di Lignana
  8. Col. Cav. Angelo Sclarandi
  9. Col. Comm. Antonio Corrado Asinari, Count of Cortos
  10. Col. Cav. Ruffinotto Cocconito di Montiglio
  11. Col. Carlo De Meuthon, Baron of Larnay
  12. Col. Cav. Emanuele Roero di Mombarone
  13. Col. Cav. Giuseppe Perrone di San Martino
  14. Col. Comm. Filippo Saluzzo di Verzuolo e della Manta
  15. Col. Cav. Giuseppe Maria Amedeo Castellamonte di Lessolo
  16. Col. Francesco Gennaro Roero, Count of Monticello (30 July 1814 - 8 January 1819)
  17. Col. Giuseppe Maria Roberti, Count of Castelvero (9 January 1819 - 14 October 1826)
  18. Col. Cav. Angelo Michele Crotti di Costigliole (15 October 1826 - 5 July 1831)
  19. Col. Claudio Gabriele de Launay (6 July 1831 - 2 November 1834)
  20. Col. Cav. Deodato Olivieri di Venier (3 November 1834 - 1 January 1841)
  21. Col. Francesco Maurizio Malliano, Marquis of Santa Maria (2 January 1841 - 10 May 1848)
  22. Col. Nob. Giovanni Colombo d'Arcine (11 May 1848 - 8 September 1848)
  23. Col. Callisto Bertone, Count of Sambuy (9 September 1848 - 27 May 1852)
  24. Col. Cav. Alberto Augusto Brunetta d'Usseaux (28 May 1852 - 25 July 1859)
  25. Col. Cav. Epimaco Filippo Bigliani di Cantore (26 July 1859 - 2 February 1861)
  26. Col. Władysław Poniński (3 February 1861 - 19 July 1862): during his tenure the Regiment joined the Italian Army.
  27. Col. Giovan Battista Pallavicino (20 July 1862 - 5 April 1866)
  28. Col. Giovanni Incisa, Marquis of Incisa di Rocchetta (6 April 1866 - 19 April 1867)
  29. Col. Count Cesare Cocito (20 April 1867 - 16 March 1868)
  30. Col. Cav. Giovanni Ristori di Casaleggio (17 March 1868 - 14 July 1877)
  31. Col. Cav. Federico Forest (15 July 1877 - 17 October 1884)
  32. Col. Cav. Salvatore Faneschi (18 October 1884 - 29 March 1890)
  33. Col. Count Emanuele Fossati Rayneri (30 March 1890 - 13 March 1892)
  34. Col. Cav. Cesare Perelli (14 March 1892 - 23 April 1892)
  35. Col. Cav. Emilio Pesenti (24 April 1892 - 29 July 1896)
  36. Col. Cav. Alessandro Brancaccio di Carpino (30 July 1896 - 17 December 1898)
  37. Col. Cav. Nicola Quercia (18 December 1898 - 4 April 1905)
  38. Col. Cav. Giuseppe Forte (5 April 1905 - 29 June 1907)
  39. Col. Nob. Cav. Costanzo Parrocchetti (30 June - 19 November 1910)
  40. Col. Cav. Mario Schiffi (20 November 1910 - 30 June 1911)
  41. Col. Cav. Giuseppe Cappa Brava (1 July 1911 - 6 March 1912)
  42. Col. Cav. Pietro Filippini (7 March 1912 - 13 December 1915)
  43. Col. Cav. Gioberto Tani (14 December 1915 - 8 July 1917)
  44. Col. Cav. Amedeo Marchino (9 July 1917 - 25 June 1922)
  45. Col. Comm. Vittorio Ambrosio (26 June 1922 - 1924)[5]
  46. Col. Comm. Aldo Aymoino (1924 - 1926)[5]
  47. Col. Cav. Rodolfo Vietina (1926 - 16 June 1927)[5]
  48. Col. Cav. Gregorio Staglieno (17 June 1927 - 28 February 1931)[5]
  49. Col. S.A.R. Prince Adalberto of Savoy, Duke of Bergamo (1 March 1931 - 27 March 1934)[5]
  50. Col. Comm. Goffredo Vaccari (28 March 1934- 19 March 1935)[5]
  51. Col. Comm. Ottorino Dabbeni (20 March 1935 - 20 March 1937)[5]
  52. Col. Raffaele Cadorna Jr. (21 March 1937 - 20 January 1941)[5][15]
  53. Col. Cav. Uff. Weis Poccetti (21 January 1941 - 15 November 1941)[5][10]
  54. Col. Guglielmo Barbò, Count of Casalmorano (16 November 1941 - 15 March 1942)[5][16]
  55. Col. Alessandro Bettoni Cazzago (16 March 1942 - 8 September 1943)[5]
    Magg. Cav. Uff. Giovanni Arrighi (15 October 1946 - 24 November 1947)
    Magg. Cav. Eden Chiappa (25 November 1947 - 10 December 1948)
    Ten. Col. Cav. Gilberto Borzini (11 December 1948 - 14 April 1950)
  56. Col. Comm. Giuseppe Cottafavi (15 April 1950 - 14 April 1951)
  57. Col. Cav. Uff. Gilberto Borzini (15 April 1951 - 31 October 1952)
  58. Col. Cav. Renzo Bonivento (1 November 1952 - 30 September 1954)
  59. Col. Cav. Vincenzo Mingione (1 October 1954 - 9 November 1956)
  60. Col. Cav. Giovanni Gandini (10 November 1956 - 30 April 1958)
  61. Col. Cav. Uff. Ranieri Orsini (1 May 1958 - 19 September 1959)
  62. Col. Cav. Luigi Mirelli di Teora (20 September 1959 - 20 September 1960)
    Ten. Col. Cav. Domenico Renzi (Vacant See) (21 September 1960 - 10 November 1960)
  63. Col. Cav. Antonio Cutellè (11 November 1960 - 30 March 1963)
  64. Col. Cav. Francesco Caputo (31 March 1963 - 31 August 1964)
  65. Col. Cav. Uff. Gualberto Scolari (1 September 1964 - 3 September 1965)
  66. Col. Cav. Uff. Vittorio Raganella (4 September 1965 - 4 October 1966)
  67. Col. Cav. Uff. Mario Giancola (5 October 1966 - 9 October 1968)
  68. Col. Cav. Uff. Salvatore Azzaro (10 October 1968 - 9 October 1969)
  69. Col. Cav. Uff. Saverio Porcelli (10 October 1969 - 9 October 1970)
  70. Col. Cav. Uff. Eugenio Arrighi (10 October 1970 - 10 October 1971)
  71. Col. Cav. Uff. Giovanni de Bartolomeis (11 October 1971 - 10 October 1972)
  72. Col. Cav. Uff. Giuseppe Arcidiacono (11 October 1972 - 30 September 1973)
  73. Col. Cav. Uff. Giuseppe Genova (1 October 1973 - 30 September 1974)
  74. Col. Cav. Uff. Sergio De Ros (1 October 1974 - 30 September 1975)
  75. Ten. Col. Cav. Mario Pisano (1 October 1975 - 31 August 1977)
  76. Ten. Col. Cav. Sergio Amadio (1 September 1977 - 10 September 1978)
  77. Ten. Col. Cav. Renato Salati (11 September 1978 - 28 August 1980)
  78. Ten. Col. Cav. Giuseppe Politi (29 August 1989 - 8 September 1981)
  79. Ten. Col. Cav. Primo Tosti (9 September 1981 - 8 September 1982)
  80. Ten. Col. Cav. Rutilio Rutili (9 September 1982 - 8 September 1983)
  81. Ten. Col. Cav. Duilio Franco Francolich (9 September 1983 - 2 September 1984)
  82. Ten. Col. Cav. Tommaso Perrone (3 September 1985 - 8 September 1987)
  83. Ten. Col. Ajmone Genzardi (9 September 1987 - 11 September 1989)
  84. Ten. Col. Franco Maggi (12 September 1989 - 28 September 1990)
  85. Ten. Col. Franco Baldi (29 September 1990 - 22 May 1992)
  86. Col. Cav. Pier Lamberto Negroni Bentivoglio
  87. Col. Cav. Francesco Maria Pittarelli
  88. Ten. Col. Giuseppe Maria Giovanni Tricarico
  89. Col. Cav. Vittorio Serafini (1996 - 10 September 1999)[17]
  90. Col. Paolo Gerometta (11 September 1999 - 28 August 2000)[17][18]
  91. Col. Fernando Guida (29 August 2000 - 26 July 2001)[18][19]
  92. Col. Giuseppe Maria Gionti (27 July 2001 - 12 September 2002)[19][20]
  93. Col. Francesco Lombardi (13 September 2002 - 23 September 2003)[20][21]
  94. Col. Cav. Carlo Fortino (24 September 2003 - 2005)[21]
  95. Col. Claudio Fazari (2005 - 30 May 2007)[22]
  96. Col. Vincenzo Maugeri (31 May 2007 - September 2008)[22]
  97. Col. Cav. Salvatore Cuoci (September 2008 - 15 July 2009)[23]
  98. Col. Cav. Andrea Carrino (16 July 2009 - 23 September 2010)[23][24]
  99. Col. Cav. Nicola Terzano (24 September 2010 - 26 August 2011)[24]
  100. Col. Giovanni Cafforio (27 August 2011 - 19 September 2013)[13]
  101. Col. Cav. Enrico Barduani (20 September 2013 - 22 July 2015):[13][25] Savoia became Paratrooper Cavalry starting from his tenure
  102. Col. Aurelio Tassi (23 July 2015 - 30 August 2017)[25][26]
  103. Col. Cristian Margheriti (31 August 2017 - 13 September 2020)[26][27]
  104. Col. Ermanno Lustrino (14 September 2018 - 4 July 2020)[27][28]
  105. Col. Domenico Leotta (5 July 2020 - present)[28]

MissionEdit

The operational mission of the Regiment is to carry out all the typical activities of a line cavalry regiment, but in favour of the Paratroopers Brigade and, in particular, in the context of airborne operations.[12]:77

The domain of action of the paratroop cavalry continues to be that of tactical exploration and security activities, which are conducted in order to facilitate the maneuvering of friendly forces.[12]:77

The paratrooper cavalry as part of the airborne task force is destined to be the main component of the parachute brigade's exploration capability, while continuing to maintain a significant strike capacity. The paratrooper cavalry is intended to be inserted - with units up to the company level - before the exploratory components of the paratrooper infantry regiments, not limiting to collecting information, but also fighting to disrupt the opponent's scouting activity and to take time by allowing friendly units to flow in and regroup. After that, the paratrooper cavalry - suitably supplemented by the assets of the paratrooper combat engineers - proceeds in the continuation of the effort in depth.[12]:78–79

Current structureEdit

 
"Savoia Cavalleria" Centauro tank destroyer

As of 2019 the Regiment "Savoia Cavalleria" (3rd) consists of:

  •   Regimental Command, in Grosseto
    • Command and Logistic Support Squadron
    • 1st Reconnaissance Squadron Group
      • 1st Reconnaissance Squadron
      • 2nd Reconnaissance Squadron
      • 3rd Reconnaissance Squadron "De Leone"
      • Heavy Armour Squadron "Manusardi"

The Command and Logistic Support Squadron fields the following platoons: C3 Platoon, Transport and Materiel Platoon, Medical Platoon, and Commissariat Platoon. The three reconnaissance squadrons are equipped with VTLM Lince vehicles and Centauro tank destroyers, the latter of which are scheduled to be replaced by Freccia reconnaissance vehicles. The Heavy Armor Squadron is equipped with Centauro tank destroyers, which are being replaced by Centauro II tank destroyers. With the introduction of the Freccia reconnaissance vehicles the reconnaissance squadrons will be reduced from three to two.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Reggimento "Savoia Cavalleria" (3°) - Il Medagliere". Italian Army. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Reggimento "Savoia Cavalleria" (3°)". Italian Army. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Reggimento "Savoia Cavalleria" (3°) - La Storia". Italian Army. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e "Savoia Cavalleria (3°)". www.tempiocavalleriaitaliana.it (in Italian). Tempio Sacrario dell'Arma di Cavalleria in Voghera. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Reggimento "Savoia Cavalleria" 3°". www.regioesercito.it (in Italian). Regio Esercito. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  6. ^ a b "Reggimento Savoia Cavalleria". www.vialardi.org (in Italian). Vialardi di Sandigliano Foundation. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Ales, Stefano (2008). Il copricapo della Cavalleria italiana nel 1861 al 1943 (in Italian). Rome: Ufficio Storico - Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito. pp. 5, 7, 11, 13, 19, 21–23.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Veronesi, Mario (13 April 2021). "Il Savoia Cavalleria in terra di Russia". www.difesaonline.it (in Italian). Difesa Online. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  9. ^ a b Sommaruga, Matteo (March 2013). "Savoia Cavalleria". win.storiain.net (in Italian). Storia In Network. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  10. ^ a b Biagioni, Roberto (28 December 2014). "Isbuschenskij: la carica della gloria". TuttoStoria (in Italian). Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Ales, Stefano; Viotti, Andrea (2007). Struttura, uniformi e distintivi dell'Esercito Italiano 1946-1970 (in Italian). Rome: Ufficio Storico - Stato Maggiore dell'Esercito. pp. 32, 33, 36, 71, 78, 79, 112, 117, 135, 167.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Barduani, Enrico (19 June 2017). "Cavalieri Paracadutisti - Le realtà straniere e l'esperienza del "Savoia Cavalleria"" [Paratrooper Cavalrymen - Foreign realities and the experience of the "Savoia Cavalleria"] (PDF). Informazioni della Difesa (in Italian). Rome: Ministero della Difesa. 2017 (2): 74, 75, 77. Retrieved 21 May 2021.
  13. ^ a b c "Basco amaranto al Savoia Cavalleria". www.cybernaua.it (in Italian). Grosseto. 23 September 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Il Reggimento Savoia Cavalleria (3°) "Savoje bonnes nouvelles"". all4shooters (in Italian). Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  15. ^ Sircana, Giuseppe (1988). "CADORNA, Raffaele". www.treccani.it (in Italian). Dizionario Biografico Treccani. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  16. ^ "Biography of Brigadier-General Guglielmo Barbò (1888 – ), Italy". generals.dk. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
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