Redwood, Wellington

Redwood is a part of Tawa, the northernmost suburb of Wellington, New Zealand. Redwood lies at the southern end of Tawa, to the west of the Tawa Main Road and the North Island Main Trunk Railway.[2]

Redwood
Redwood railway station, looking south from the north-end (up) platform
Redwood railway station, looking south from the north-end (up) platform
Redwood is located in New Zealand Wellington
Redwood
Redwood
Coordinates: 41°10′37″S 174°49′23″E / 41.177°S 174.823°E / -41.177; 174.823Coordinates: 41°10′37″S 174°49′23″E / 41.177°S 174.823°E / -41.177; 174.823
CountryNew Zealand
CityWellington
Local authorityWellington City Council
Electoral wardTakapū/Northern Ward
Community boardTawa Community Board[1]
Established1960
Railway station(s)Redwood
Takapū Road
Tawa
Redwood
Churton Park Grenada North

Names and historyEdit

Redwood is named after the first Catholic Archbishop of Wellington, Francis Redwood, who was ordinary from 1874 until 1935 (bishop from 1874 and archbishop from 1887). It is located on 108 acres of land given in 1855 by Sir George Grey, Governor of New Zealand, to Philippe Viard, the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Wellington for the establishment of a school. The land was used for farming purposes until 1960 when Saint Francis Xavier School, a primary school, was opened. The remainder of the land became a housing subdivision named "Redwood" in honour of Archbishop Redwood. The Catholic connection is further highlighted in the Redwood area by several street names, including McKeefry Grove named after Cardinal McKeefry, third Archbishop of Wellington, and Lane Crescent, which commemorates Fr John Lane, a parish priest of the area.[3]

Several streets in Redwood have names connected with Oxford and Cambridge University colleges,[4][5] including Balliol Drive after Balliol College, Gonville Street after Gonville and Caius College, Oriel Avenue after Oriel College, and Achilles Close after the Achilles Club.[6]

BoundariesEdit

Redwood is bounded by Larsen Crescent and the northern section of Redwood Avenue to the north, by the Main Road to the east, and Oriel Avenue and the southern section of Redwood Avenue to the south.

RailwayEdit

Redwood is served by two railway stations, Takapu Road Railway Station in the south of Redwood and Redwood Railway Station in the north of Redwood. Travel times to Wellington by train are twelve minutes from Takapu Road and fourteen minutes from Redwood. Travel times to Porirua are nine minutes from Takapu Road and seven minutes from Redwood. There is a sixteen-minute service during peak periods and thirty minutes at other times.[7]

The Railway line through southern Tawa was originally built on a different route slightly further east by the Wellington and Manawatu Railway Company. It followed a gradient on the contour of the hills from Takapu Road to Duncan Street below the present day Taylor Terrace. The Wellington to Paremata section opened on 24 September 1885 without stations in the Redwood area. The railway line was incorporated into the New Zealand Railways Department network in December 1908.

The station at Takapu Road opened on 19 June 1937, the same day as the new railway station in Wellington, when the present-day route on the Tawa Flat deviation was opened for passenger traffic and the Johnsonville to Tawa section of the older, more circuitous, railway route from Wellington through Johnsonville closed.[8] Redwood Railway Station opened on 15 December 1963 to meet increased demand for passenger services in south Tawa following the development of the Redwood and Taylor Terrace subdivisions.

EducationEdit

Redwood School is a coeducational state contributing primary school, for Year 1 to 6 students,[9] established in 1966.[10] It has a decile rating of 10 and a roll of 357 as of March 2022.[11]

St Francis Xavier Schoolis a coeducational integrated Catholic contributing primary school, for year 1 to 6 students,[12] established in 1960.[13] It has a decile rating of 9 and a roll of 150.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tawa Community Board". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  2. ^ "Tawa Map". Tawalink. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  3. ^ Mary Baines, "Redwood's Catholic Connections", Stuff News, 19 July 2012 (Retrieved 25 April 2021)
  4. ^ "Street Smart: Street name themes by suburb". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Why the streets have those names". Tawa Historical Society. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  6. ^ "The Streets of Tawa". Tawa Historical Society. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  7. ^ "» Metlink | Kapiti Line timetable". www.metlink.org.nz. Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  8. ^ John Yonge (editor), New Zealand Railway and Tramway Atlas, fourth edition (Essex: Quail Map Company, 1993), 16.
  9. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  10. ^ "Official School Website". redwood.school.nz.
  11. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  12. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  13. ^ "Official School Website". sfxtawa.school.nz.
  14. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.