Redland is an affluent suburb in Bristol, England. The suburb is situated between Clifton, Cotham, Bishopston and Westbury Park. The boundaries of the district are not precisely defined, but are generally taken to be Whiteladies Road in the west, the Severn Beach railway line in the south and Cranbrook Road in the east.
Redland is also the name of a council ward, which covers a slightly different area. Redland ward extends to the southern part of Bishopston, and does not include the part of Redland south of Redland Road, which is in Cotham ward.
There are different views of the origin of the name Redland. One source says that in the 11th century it was known as Rudeland, possibly from Old English rudding, meaning "cleared land". Another source points to a mention in 1209 as Thriddeland, probably meaning "the third part of an estate". Yet another source refers to a mention in 1230 of Rubea Terra and a later mention as la Rede Londe, derived from the red colour of the soil.
For many centuries Redland was in the large parish of Westbury-on-Trym in Gloucestershire. It became a separate civil parish in 1894, but in 1896 the civil parish was abolished and incorporated into the city and county of Bristol. It remained in the ecclesiastical parish of Westbury-on-Trym until 1942.
In 1732 the Redland estate was acquired by John Cossins (d.1759) from his wife's uncle George Martin. He replaced the old manor house with Redland Court, a house of Classical design. The estate was sold off in 1865, and the area was then developed for housing.
The suburb is known for its Georgian parish church Redland Chapel, which was built, probably by John Strahan with plasterwork by Thomas Paty, in 1742 as a private chapel for the local manor house, Redland Court, though it was not consecrated until 1790. It eventually became the parish church when the parish of Redland was separated from Westbury-on-Trym in 1942 and, unusually, has no dedication to a patron saint. It is a Grade I listed building.
The Swedenborgian church in nearby Cranbrook Road was erected in 1899 and has recently closed. The congregation was formed in 1791 and had a church in Terrel Street. The present gothic church was designed by a Mr Paul of Wells Road and was intended to be a lecture hall alongside a larger church that was never built. Neil Marchant wrote a book ' Like A River Flowing' covering the history of this church which can now be found in Bristol central library. The church is currently up for sale and likely to be redeveloped.
Trinity United Reformed Church in Cranbrook Road closed recently and has been converted into houses. The church began in the recently demolished church hall of 1901 which was demolished for the car park. The main church was built in 1907 to the designs of Phillip Munro in a very Scottish kind of Gothic.
St Catherines church (Salisbury Road) has been converted to housing. It was erected in 1898 with the intention of a larger church being built alongside. The building is currently a long lancet style with porch - however it closed in the 1950s and was used for storage before being converted to housing.
Redland Park United Reformed Church on the Redland side of Whiteladies Road was founded in 1861 (as Redland Park Congregational Church). The building was destroyed in the Bristol Blitz in 1940, and the new church was opened in 1957. Tyndale Baptist Church, also on the Redland side of Whiteladies Road, was founded in 1867, largely destroyed in the Blitz and rebuilt in 1955.
Redland is home to Redland Green School, a free academy secondary school opened in 2007 which also contains the secondary campus of Claremont Special School. Bristol Steiner School is also in the ward. Redland formerly contained Redland High School, an independent girls' school which merged with The Red Maids' School in September 2017, to form Redmaids' High School.
St Bonaventure's Catholic Primary School and Bishop Road Primary School are in Redland ward.
Other listed buildingsEdit
The architecture of the buildings is generally Georgian but with some Victorian buildings and a small number of mid-twentieth century ones.
Redland Court, which is now Redland High School, was built between 1732 and 1735 by John Strachan, for John Cossins, on the site of an Elizabethan House which previously stood on the same site. It is grade II* listed, as are the piers and gates at the main entrance, the perimeter wall, piers and gates to Redland Chapel churchyard and the West gateway and attached garden wall and balustrade.
There are at least twenty individual houses in Redland having grade II or II* listing.
Redland is served by bus service 9 operated by First West of England, which calls at Redland station and loops around the middle of Redland to The Downs. Stagecoach service 77 runs between Bristol Bus Station to Thornbury via Cranbrook Road, supported by financial contributions from both Bristol City Council and South Gloucestershire Council.
- Ward map
- Smith, V. (2002) Street Names of Bristol ISBN 1-874092-90-7 p.13
- Mills, A.D. and Room, A. A Dictionary of English Place-Names Oxford University Press
- "Conservation Area 18 Cotham & Redland Character Appraisal & Management Proposals". Bristol City Council. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- Vision of Britain website Archived 2012-03-23 at the Wayback Machine
- Smith, V. (2002) Street Names of Bristol ISBN 1-874092-90-7 p.90
- "Redland Chapel". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-07-09.
- The Presbyterian Churches of Bristol Archived 2013-09-25 at the Wayback Machine
- Redland Park URC History Archived 2008-05-13 at the Wayback Machine
- "Redland Court". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-07-09.
- "Piers and Gates at Redland Court". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-07-09.
- "perimeter wall, piers and gates to Redland Chapel churchyard". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-07-09.
- "West gateway and attached garden wall and balustrade". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-07-09.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-08-16.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)