Redbone is a Native American rock group originating in the 1970s with brothers Pat and Lolly Vegas. They reached the Top 5 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1974 with their No. 5 hit single, "Come and Get Your Love". The single went certified Gold selling over half a million copies. Redbone achieved hits with their singles "We Were All Wounded At Wounded Knee", "The Witch Queen of New Orleans", "Wovoka", and "Maggie" in the United States, but predominantly overseas. Redbone is known and accredited in the NY Smithsonian as the first Native American rock/Cajun group to have a No. 1 single in the United States and internationally.
Redbone in 1971
|Origin||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Genres||Soul, country rock, funk rock, rock, R&B, Cajun|
|Labels||Epic Records/Novalene Music|
|Associated acts||Pat and Lolly Vegas|
|Past members||Lolly Vegas (deceased)
Tony Bellamy (deceased)
Born in Coalinga, California, near Fresno, brothers Patrick (bass and vocals) and Candido "Lolly" Vasquez-Vegas (guitar and vocals) moved to Los Angeles in 1969 to form the group Redbone with mere cents in their pockets due to Pat winning the first ever singing competition held by Coca-Cola. He won a recording contract and travel to create a career which he then put off to move to Los Angeles with his brother Lolly. They began playing local shows on Hollywood and Sunset Blvd, at local clubs like Gazzari's, as well as writing and playing guitar and bass on records by Tina Turner, Sonny & Cher, James Brown, Little Richard, Elvis, and other legendary names.
The name Redbone itself is a Cajun term for a mixed-race person, the band's members being of mixed blood ancestry. The band alluded to Cajun and New Orleans culture many times in their lyrics and performing style. Patrick and Lolly Vasquez-Vegas were a mixture of Yaqui, Shoshone, and Mexican heritage. The brothers began by performing and recording surf music as the Vegas Brothers, "because their agent told them that the world was not yet ready to embrace a duo of Mexican musicians playing surfing music". First as the Vegas Brothers (Pat and Lolly Vegas), then later as the Crazy Cajun Cakewalk Band, they performed throughout the 1960s at venues on the Las Vegas Strip and appeared on Shindig!
Before forming Redbone, Pat and Lolly Vegas released an album in the mid-1960s entitled Pat & Lolly Vegas at the Haunted House (Mercury MG 21059/SR 61059). Of the twelve songs on the album, six were originals by the Vasquez-Vegas brothers which gained them huge initial success. Pat and Lolly also appeared on the 60's hit show "Shindig!" repeatedly, becoming regular performers. They also released several singles from 1961 to the mid-1960s. One of them was titled "Robot Walk" / "Don't You Remember" (Apogee Records A-101) and more making a name for themselves in early years. In 1967 P.J. Proby recorded his only Top 30 hit "Niki Hoeky" by Jim Ford, Lolly Vegas, and Pat Vegas. The next year, Bobbie Gentry performed the Cajun-influenced song on The Summer Smothers Brothers Show. Pat Vegas also wrote songs for legendary names like Aretha Franklin and had a helping hand in the Munsters TV show theme song collaborating with another English writer.
According to Pat Vegas, it was Jimi Hendrix–himself part Cherokee–who inspired the musicians to form an all-Native American rock group. They signed as the band "Redbone" to Epic Records in 1969. The band then consisted of Pat Vegas, Lolly Vegas, Peter DePoe and Robert Anthony Avila, a Yaqui-Mexican American, better known by his stage name Tony Bellamy. Their debut album Redbone was released in 1970.
Redbone played primarily rock music with R&B, Cajun, blue-eyed soul, funk, country, tribal, and Latin roots. Their first world commercial success came with the single "The Witch Queen of New Orleans" that peaked at No. 21 on the Billboard Hot 100 and followed by the single "Maggie" from their second album, Potlatch. "Come and Get Your Love" followed as a smash No. 5 hit for Redbone and remained on the chart for 24 weeks being certified gold by the R.I.A.A. on April 22, 1974. Redbone was also the opening act introducing the very first Earth Day to the world in Philadelphia along with Senator Edmund Muskie. Their opening song was "Chant 13th Hour" from the Potlatch album.
Redbone's music was characterized by the Leslie rotating speaker effect that Lolly Vegas used for his electric guitar amplifier and a "King Kong" style of drumming developed by drummer Peter DePoe (born 1943, Neah Bay, Washington).
Their third album, Message from a Drum, was released in Europe (except Spain) with the title The Witch Queen of New Orleans and different cover than the one released in the U.S. and Canada.
In 1973, Redbone released the politically oriented "We Were All Wounded at Wounded Knee", recalling the massacre of Lakota Sioux Indians by the 7th Cavalry Regiment in 1890. The song ends with the subtly altered sentence "We were all wounded 'by' Wounded Knee". It charted in several European countries and reached the No. 1 position in The Netherlands but did not chart in the U.S. where it was initially withheld from release due to lyrical controversy and then banned by several radio stations due to its confrontation of a sore subject. DePoe had left this band in 1972. He was replaced by Arturo Perez (1939-2011), but later by Bellamy's Filipino-Chicano cousin, Butch Rillera around that point. Following this the band achieved much of their commercial success. Tony Bellamy (guitar, piano and vocals) left the band in 1977, with Rillera leaving shortly after.
The band's current remaining membership is led by Pat Vegas, although an array of new members have joined Redbone since then due to Lolly Vegas suffering a stroke that left him unable to tour with the band. No member has been official other than Pat Vegas after the original members were not present. A proposed reunion tour in 2003 did not occur. There is evidence that suggests the existence of an "imposter band" (one of many who try to gain recognition) who was illegally touring the United States and posing as Redbone under the name (or alias) "Denny Freeman". Freeman - who Pat Vegas confirmed to be unaffiliated with Redbone in an interview with the Montana Standard - defrauded the county fair board of the Butte Silver-Bow County Fair in Butte, Montana, under pretenses of being a co-founding member of Redbone, yet he was never a band member.
On December 25, 2009, Tony Bellamy died of liver failure at a hospital in his hometown of Las Vegas. Less than three months later, Lolly Vegas succumbed to lung cancer at his family home in Reseda, California, on March 4, 2010.
Redbone has had some limited activity in recent years in the major public eye, but Pat Vegas continues to tour in the United States and Canada in support of his solo albums, Ambergris, Peacepipe, and Speed of Sound.
Awards and accoladesEdit
Redbone was inducted into the Native American Music Association Hall of Fame in 2008, as well as the legendary NY Smithsonian in 2013. They were also honored with vein painted on the largest mural in the U.S. in Fresno, California. On August 30, 2014, Pat Vegas was honored with the Lifetime Achievement "Legend" Award from the "West Coast American Indian Music Awards."
In 2014, "Come And Get Your Love" experienced a resurgence in popularity when it was featured in the Marvel Studios film Guardians of the Galaxy as one of the songs on a mixtape made for the protagonist, Peter Quill. It was also included on the film's soundtrack album, which reached the top spot on the Billboard 200 chart.
- Current members
- Pat Vasquez-Vegas – bass, vocals (1969–1977, 1997–present)
- Former members
- Lolly Vasquez-Vegas – guitars, vocals (1969–1977, 1997; died 2010)
- Tony Bellamy – guitars, vocals (1969–1977, 1997–1998, 2008; died 2009)
- Peter DePoe – drums, percussion (1969–1972)
- Arturo Perez – drums, percussion (1972–1973; )
- Butch Rillera – drums, percussion (1973–1977)
- Jack White – drums, percussion (1977-1978)
- Redbone (1970) as Epic EGP-501
- Potlatch (1970) US No. 99 as Epic E-30109
- Message from a Drum (1971) US No. 75 as Epic KE-30815
- Already Here (1972) as Epic KE-31598
- Wovoka (1973) US No. 66 as Epic KE-32462
- Beaded Dreams Through Turquoise Eyes (1974) US No. 174 as Epic KE-33053
- Cycles (1977) as RCA AFL1-2352
- One World (2005); later re-edited and re-titled as Peace Pipe (2009)
- Redbone Live (recorded 1977; released 1994) as Avenue/Rhino 71632
- Come And Get Your Redbone: The Best Of Redbone (1975) as Epic PG-33456 [2LP]
- The Best Of Redbone (1976) as Dominion/K-Tel 833 [note: re-recordings of their classic songs]
- The Very Best Of Redbone (1991) as Sony Music Distribution 4679362 [import]
- Greatest Songs (Come And Get Your Love) (1995) as Curb 77746
- Golden Classics (1996) as Collectables 5802 [note: this is a 2LP-on-1CD reissue of Potlatch and Message From A Drum plus two singles]
- To The Bone (1998) as Sony Music Special Products 28581
- Wet Willie and Redbone: Take 2 (2002) as Sony Music Special Products 52777 [five songs by each band]
- The Essential Redbone (2003) as Epic/Legacy 86072
- It's Your World: Redbone's Greatest Hits (2009)
- Guardians of the Galaxy: Awesome Mix Vol. 1 (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (2014) [features "Come and Get Your Love"]
- "Maggie" b/w "New Blue Sermonette" (1971) US No. 45 as Epic 5-10670
- "The Witch Queen of New Orleans" b/w "Chant: 13th Hour" (1971) US No. 21, UK No. 2 as Epic 5-10749
- "When You Got Trouble" b/w "Jerico" (1972) US No. 111 as Epic 5-10839
- "Come and Get Your Love" b/w "Day To Day Life" (1974) US No. 5, US R&B No. 75 as Epic 5-11035
- "Wovoka" b/w "Clouds In My Sunshine" (1974) US No. 101 as Epic 5-11131
- "Suzie Girl" b/w "Interstate Highway 101" (1974) US No. 108 as Epic 8-50015
- "Crazy Cajun Cakewalk Band" (1970) Epic
- "Light As A Feather" (1971) Epic
- "Message From A Drum" (1972) Epic
- "Poison Ivy" (1972) Epic
- "We Were All Wounded At Wounded Knee" (1973) Epic
- "Hail" (1973) Epic
- "Only You And Rock And Roll" (1974) Epic
- "One More Time" (1974) Epic
- "I've Got To Find The Right Woman" (1975) Epic
- "Give Our Love Another Try" (1977) RCA
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London, UK: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 349. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- "Posts Tagged 'Redbone'". themusicsover.com (WordPress blog site). 2010-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Lipsitz, George (2007). Footsteps in the Dark: The Hidden Histories of Popular Music. Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press. pp. 130–131. ISBN 978-0-8166-5019-4. OCLC 486905750. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Allmusic.com discography
- "Bobbie Gentry - Niki Hoeky". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
- "The Summer Brothers Smothers Show: Season 1, Episode 6". IMDb.com. 28 July 1968. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
- "NAMA 10". nativeamericanmusicawards.com. New York, NY: Native American Music Awards. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Redbone Biography". Musician Guide. 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- "Redbone-History". 20gp.ovh.net. Archived from the original on 2012-02-27. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
- Emeigh, John Grant (2006-08-11). "Fake band scams fair". The Montana Standard. Butte, MT: Lee Enterprises. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Emeigh, John Grant (2006-08-16). "Musician says he'll pay back 'every dime'". The Montana Standard. Butte, MT: Lee Enterprises. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "It's A Sad Day To Day, Just Got Some Bad News, We Just Lost A Rock Legend van Redbone Official Myspace op Myspace". Blogs.myspace.com. Archived from the original on 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2012-11-11.
- Chris Staebler (2015-06-09). "From 2000 to today". The Official Redbone site. Retrieved 2015-06-09.
- Foundas, Scott (July 24, 2014). "Film Review: ‘Guardians of the Galaxy’". Variety.
- Official Redbone and Pat Vegas website
- MySpace - Redbone (Unofficial Redbone website)
- Redbone (Official site with information about Redbone, in English and French)
- Cajun Funk with a Touch of Latin Soul. - Redbone history on Mark Guerrero's site
Selected video clipsEdit
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- on YouTube
- "RonsRockschool Redbone playlist". on YouTube.